Cases reported "Prosthesis Failure"

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1/4. Left ventricular apical puncture: a procedure surviving well into the new millennium.

    We report two patients with a history of prior mitral valve and aortic valve replacement with St. Jude prosthetic valves, who were referred for repeat valve replacement after noninvasive assessment was suggestive of prosthetic valve malfunction. Both patients were managed medically after evaluation with direct left ventricular apical puncture revealed normal hemodynamics in the first and mild aortic stenosis in the second patient. These two cases illustrate that, despite the advancements in the noninvasive evaluation of prosthetic heart valves, left ventricular direct puncture continues to have an important value in the evaluation of patients referred for repeat valve replacement, and it can prevent unnecessary surgeries associated with a high risk of morbidity and mortality. Cathet. Cardiovasc. Intervent. 49:68-73, 2000.
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2/4. Recurrent coronary stent thrombosis.

    A 63-year-old woman with an acute anterior myocardial infarction was treated with primary stent implantation. The absence of coronary artery stenosis and an haematocrit of 58 were indicative of a myeloproliferative disorder and the diagnosis of polycythaemia vera (Vaquez' disease) was confirmed by bone marrow aspiration. The patient had a re-infarction 8 days later. A rescue percutaneous angioplasty was performed for stent thrombosis after unsuccessful thrombolysis. A few hours after sheath removal, a femoral artery thrombosis at the puncture side needed urgent thrombectomy. Finally, a second re-infarction occurred, followed by an irreversible cardiac arrest. Stent thrombosis is a difficult-to-treat complication in patients with polycythaemia vera. If this haematologic disorder is known, primary stent implantation for acute myocardial infarction may not be the first choice in these patients.
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3/4. Hypertrophic scarring of tracheoesophageal fistula causing vocal failure.

    There are many known complications of tracheoesophageal puncture for voice restoration. A patient developed hypertrophic scarring with subsequent vocal failure, an as yet unreported complication.
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4/4. rupture of silicone gel filled testicular prosthesis: causes, diagnostic modalities and treatment of a rare event.

    PURPOSE: rupture of the envelope of silicone gel filled testicular prostheses is rare and alleged to be unlikely without intraoperative needle puncture. We observed that it may be caused by chronic intermittent trauma or a single acute increase of pressure, and report diagnostic and therapeutic modalities. MATERIALS AND methods: Four cases treated by us during the last 10 years are presented. One patient had testicular implants for Klinefelter's syndrome, whereas the other 3 had been treated for female-to-male transsexualism. diagnosis was confirmed by ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging. The fibrous capsule surrounding the ruptured prosthesis was left intact to allow en bloc surgical extirpation. Histological evaluation of the resected specimen was performed. RESULTS: rupture of silicone gel filled testicular implants may be caused by acute or chronic pressure without intraoperative needle puncture. CONCLUSIONS: Magnetic resonance imaging offers superior diagnostic accuracy and should be regarded the gold standard in the evaluation of implant rupture. ultrasonography is an acceptable alternative. In cases when gross symptoms of scrotal inflammation are lacking replacement of implants is facilitated by the fibrous capsule that forms around any prosthesis. Transcapsular migration of silicone particles was observed even when the fibrous capsule was intact.
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