Cases reported "Prosthesis Failure"

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1/238. A rotating-hinge knee replacement for malignant tumors of the femur and tibia.

    We evaluated the 2- to 7-year results of a rotating-hinge knee replacement after excision of malignant tumors of the knee joint. There were 25 distal femoral and 7 proximal tibial replacements. The 5-year prosthetic survival for distal femoral replacements was 88%, compared with 58% for proximal tibial replacements. Seven patients underwent prosthetic exchange: 1 for aseptic loosening, 2 for wound slough and perioperative infection, and 4 for articulating component failure. One patient underwent above-knee amputation owing to skin necrosis. The median functional scores at the latest follow-up were 27 by the International Society of limb salvage evaluation system and 80 by the Hospital for Special Surgery Knee Score system. This implant is a promising choice for joint reconstruction after excision of tumors at the knee joint.
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ranking = 1
keywords = replacement
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2/238. thrombosis of mitral valve prosthesis presenting as abdominal pain.

    A 67-year-old woman presented with abdominal pain, anemia, and leukocytosis. Five years previously, the patient had undergone mitral valve replacement with a St. Jude bileaflet mechanical prosthesis. After her admission, echocardiography confirmed an immobile leaflet of the prosthetic valve. At urgent surgery, thrombosis and pannus, obstructing the disc, were found, and the mechanical valve was replaced with a bioprosthesis. The incidence of mitral valve thrombosis is low, ranging from 0.1% to 5.7% per patient per year. patients who receive inadequate anticoagulation, particularly with valve prostheses in the mitral position, have an increased risk for thrombus or pannus formation. Presentation varies, from symptoms of congestive heart failure or systemic embolization, to fever or no symptoms. New or worsening symptoms in a patient with a prosthetic heart valve should raise concerns about prosthetic dysfunction. Aggressive investigation and, if indicated, urgent or emergency surgery for treatment can be lifesaving.
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ranking = 0.125
keywords = replacement
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3/238. Expeditious diagnosis of primary prosthetic valve failure.

    Primary prosthetic valve failure is a catastrophic complication of prosthetic valves. Expeditious diagnosis of this complication is crucial because survival time is minutes to hours after valvular dysfunction. The only life-saving therapy for primary prosthetic valve failure is immediate surgical intervention for valve replacement. Because primary prosthetic valve failure rarely occurs, most physicians do not have experience with such patients and appropriate diagnosis and management may be delayed. A case is presented of a patient with primary prosthetic valve failure. This case illustrates how rapidly such a patient can deteriorate. This report discusses how recognition of key findings on history, physical examination, and plain chest radiography can lead to a rapid diagnosis.
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ranking = 0.125
keywords = replacement
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4/238. mitral valve prosthesis disk embolization during transeptal atrioventricular junction ablation.

    We report a case of disk embolization from a Bjork-Shiley mitral valve prosthesis (Shiley Inc., Irvine, CA, USA) which occurred during transeptal atrioventricular (RV) junction ablation. The disk lodged in the lower thoracic aorta. The patient was treated successfully by emergency valve replacement, and the escaped disk has been left in situ with no complications.
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ranking = 0.125
keywords = replacement
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5/238. An alternative repair technique for aortic periprosthetic leakage.

    In case of aortic periprosthetic leakage, there are several methods of repair. When valve replacement or refixation is not suitable an alternative repair technique, 'curtaining' with a Dacron patch to prevent leakage is presented.
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ranking = 0.125
keywords = replacement
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6/238. Recurrent prosthetic valve thrombosis: importance of prolonged Doppler echocardiography examination for diagnosis.

    In a 9-month period a 52-year-old woman was admitted on 3 occasions with thrombotic obstruction of a Medtronic Hall aortic valve prosthesis. On the first occasion the diagnosis was clinically obvious; on the second occasion prosthetic valve malfunction was detected fortuitously on Doppler echocardiography; on the third occasion the diagnosis was made after prolonged Doppler echocardiographic examination. The patient was treated with thrombolysis, surgical thrombectomy, and aortic valve re-replacement on the 3 occasions, respectively.
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ranking = 0.125
keywords = replacement
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7/238. Dynamic obstruction, an unusual complication after aortic valve replacement with a stentless porcine valve.

    In the early nineties, the stentless porcine aortic bioprosthesis has been reintroduced successfully. Because of the limited experience, knowledge of clinical complications is limited. Therefore, we describe an unusual complication of dynamic obstruction after aortic valve replacement with a stentless porcine valve in a 70 year old man 18 months after implantation. We discuss the complications of stentless aortic prostheses known so far, describe operative techniques used and their characteristic two dimensional echocardiographic images.
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ranking = 0.625
keywords = replacement
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8/238. Video-assisted tricuspid valve surgery: a new surgical option in endocarditis on pacemaker.

    A patient presenting with a pacemaker lead infection and tricuspid regurgitation underwent a minimally invasive video-assisted tricuspid valve replacement. The valve was approached through a right anterior mini thoracotomy. Under thoracoscopic vision and peripheral cardiopulmonary bypass, a catheter was placed on the ascending aorta for antegrade cardioplegia delivery. A transthoracic aortic cross-clamp was introduced through the third right intercostal space. tricuspid valve replacement added to the pacemaker leads ablation was exclusively performed under thoracoscopic vision, providing an excellent video-image in this reduced operative field. After 22 months of follow up, the patient is asymptomatic, the echocardiography showing a normally functioning valve.
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ranking = 0.25
keywords = replacement
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9/238. Replacement of an immobile prosthetic mitral valve: a case report.

    A mechanical prosthetic heart valve can become acutely obstructed despite anticoagulation therapy. This can be a life-threatening complication. We report the case of a 38-year-old woman who survived obstruction of her Sorin prosthetic mitral valve. She was admitted to the hospital because of severe pulmonary edema. On auscultation, mechanical valve sounds were absent. Transthoracic echocardiography showed an immobile mechanical valve. The patient suffered a cardiac arrest while being prepared for surgery, but she underwent successful mitral valve replacement after cardiopulmonary resuscitation. When patients with prosthetic mitral valves present with acute dyspnea, the possibility of an obstructed prosthetic valve must be considered in the differential diagnosis.
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ranking = 0.125
keywords = replacement
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10/238. Concentric wear of the Delrin disc in a Bjork-Shiley heart valve prosthesis: report of two cases.

    We report herein the cases of two patients who received replacement of aortic Bjork-Shiley Delrin (BSD) valves that had been implanted for over 20 years following the development of aortic regurgitation (AR) resulting from wear of a Delrin disc. Case 1 was a 61-year-old woman in whom echocardiography revealed marked left ventricular dilatation and moderate AR 23 years after an aortic valve replacement (AVR) with a 21-mm BSD valve. Case 2 was a 51-year-old woman in whom echocardiography revealed marked dilation of the right atrium and moderate AR 23 years and 8 months after an AVR with a 21-mm BSD valve, as well as a mitral valve replacement with a 3M Starr-Edwards (SE) ball valve and tricuspid annuloplasty. In both patients, the BSD valves were replaced with other mechanical valves at reoperation. Examination of the explanted BSD valves showed that the Delrin discs contained increases in the radial gaps and strut indentation grooves on the inflow and outflow surfaces. The type and magnitude of the wear on the Delrin discs in these valves were consistent with data reported in the literature for this valve design after similar implant duration.
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ranking = 0.375
keywords = replacement
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