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1/625. An unusual vascular graft infection by aspergillus--a case report and literature review.

    Vascular graft infection due to aspergillus is a rare event. Only 11 previous case reports have been documented. All of these infections were in the aortic position, and infrainguinal arterial prosthetic graft involvement has been uncommon. The usual clinical presentation was back pain. fever and systemic complaints were usually present. An unusual case that began with bilateral groin pain is reported and a review of the clinical presentation and the management of the other cases described in the literature is presented. ( info)

2/625. Infrarenal endoluminal bifurcated stent graft infected with listeria monocytogenes.

    Prosthetic graft infection as a result of listeria monocytogenes is an extremely rare event that recently occurred in a 77-year-old man who underwent endoluminal stent grafting for infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm. The infected aortic endoluminal prosthesis was removed by means of en bloc resection of the aneurysm and contained endograft with in situ aortoiliac reconstruction. At the 10-month follow-up examination, the patient was well and had no signs of infection. ( info)

3/625. Late infection of hydroxyapatite orbital implants.

    BACKGROUND: Exposure and minor complications of hydroxyapatite orbital implants are common. infection appears to be rare and fibrovascular ingrowth into hydroxyapatite implants may make infection and extrusion less likely than with other types of orbital implant. methods: We describe three cases of chronic low-grade infection of hydroxyapatite implants, occurring late after apparently uncomplicated surgery, with tiny or inapparent areas of conjunctival loss or exposure. RESULTS: Two of the three cases grew Staphylococcus oureus on culture. All three implants ultimately needed to be removed. A characteristic histological pattern was seen, with abrupt transition between vascularized and abscessed implant. CONCLUSIONS: Chronic infection of hydroxyapatite implants can occur late, in the absence of large conjunctival defects, or other obvious risk factors.While exposure of the implant to pathogens through a breach in the conjunctiva may have been a factor, it appeared that the infection may have arisen in an avascular portion of the implant prior to the conjunctival breakdown in one or more of these cases. ( info)

4/625. ventricular fibrillation due to long qt syndrome probably caused by clindamycin.

    Prolongation of QT time interval may be provoked by a limited number of drugs, especially macrolide antibiotics. We describe a case of QT time interval prolongation induced by clindamycin with subsequent repeated ventricular fibrillation and resuscitation; there is no previous report in the literature of QT time prolongation caused by lincosamides. ( info)

5/625. Revision hip arthroplasty in patients with a history of previous malignancy.

    BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The potential association between implants and malignancy has been discussed in the literature, but never as a cause of loosening of joint arthroplasty. methods: The records of all patients who underwent revision arthroplasty at our institution between 1992 and 1995 were reviewed. RESULTS: Among 93 patients who underwent revision hip arthroplasties, 11 (11.8%) had a history of previous malignancy. At surgery, in 2 of these patients, metastasis was found to be the cause of loosening in the affected hip. CONCLUSIONS: When revision hip arthroplasty is considered, patients with a history of malignancy require attenuated pre-, intra-, and postoperative workup. Management algorithm in such cases is proposed. ( info)

6/625. Treatment of osteomyelitis by antibiotic impregnated porous hydroxyapatite block.

    A novel drug delivery system was developed for osteomyelitis using porous hydroxyapatite blocks (HA-b) that were impregnated with antibiotics by a centrifuge method. For the experimental study, a 10 mm3 HA-b was placed in a container, mixed with an antibiotic solution and centrifuged at 1500 rpm for 15 min for the purpose of impregnating antibiotics into the pores. The slow release activity of antibiotic (Arbekacin sulfate [1-N-(S)-4 amino-2-hydroxybutyryl dibekacin]) from the HA-b was tested. An evaluation was made of the slow-releasing capabilities of the ABK from HA-b which was still maintained at 0.5 microgram/ml within 21 exchanges of PBS after 42 days. Consequently, seven patients with osteomyelitis, including one with tuberculosis and two with infected hip arthroplasty, have been treated. On a follow-up study, all of the foci had completely healed by the end of the follow-up period without complications. This new method is simple and can be performed safety as a one-stage operation. ( info)

7/625. Aortobifemoral prosthetic infection treated by cryopreserved arterial homografts of the European Homograft Bank.

    The excision of an infected aortobifemoral Dacron graft 9 years after implantation and bilateral axillofemoral Dacron bypass reconstruction led to reinfection of the extra-anatomic bypass grafts. A new aortobifemoral reconstruction was performed using cryopreserved homografts delivered by the European Homograft Bank in Brussels and both axillo-femoral prostheses were removed. No signs of infection and no alterations of the homografts can be detected 3 years later. ( info)

8/625. Conservative management of a methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)-infected aortobifemoral graft: report of a case.

    A 63-year-old man was referred to our department for treatment of intermittent claudication in the right lower limb. The preoperative angiogram showed severe stenosis extending from the terminal aorta to the bilateral common femoral arteries, with occlusion of the right superficial femoral artery and the left popliteal artery. He underwent aortobifemoral bypass with thromboendarterectomy of the left common femoral artery, and right graft-popliteal artery bypass. The patient had an uneventful postoperative course; however, 14 days after the operation, a pulsatile mass suddenly appeared in the left groin. Emergency surgery revealed disruption of the left distal anastomosis of the aortobifemoral bypass and therefore, revision, in the form of graft-profunda femoris artery interposition with graft-superficial femoral artery bypass, was performed. Microscopic examination showed colonies of bacteria in the host artery adventitia adjacent to the anastomosis. culture of the discharge from the right groin operative scar revealed methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). The discharge resolved following the intravenous administration of vancomycin and the local application of vancomycin ointment. There were no operative complications other than the MRSA infection, and the patient was discharged 20 days after revision surgery. In the 14 months since the revision, all grafts have remained patent and there have been no further symptoms of graft infection. ( info)

9/625. Late complications of nasal augmentation using silicone implants.

    Alloplastic nasal augmentation with silicone elastomer (Silastic) is popular in areas of asia. Although the silicones are bio-inert, they have been implicated in a number of adverse reactions after implantation. We report our experience of three patients who presented with late complications after nasal augmentation using Silastic implants. The mechanisms of implant failure are proposed. It is advised that this material should only be used on an individual basis in carefully selected cases. ( info)

10/625. Dysphagia secondary to invasive candidiasis of a jejunal free flap.

    The presence of a mass in a jejunal free flap that causes dysphagia less than two years after a pharyngolaryngectomy for carcinoma usually indicates tumour recurrence. We present a case of invasive candidiasis of a jejunal free flap presenting with dysphagia and a mass. To our knowledge this is previously unreported. Such a cause should always be considered in the differential diagnosis, as early recognition and treatment are likely to result in a favourable outcome. ( info)
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