Cases reported "pseudarthrosis"

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1/247. Use of a reversed-flow vascularized pedicle fibular graft for treatment of nonunion of the tibia.

    Ten patients with nonunion of the lower tibia were treated with a vascularized ipsilateral fibular graft, that was transferred distally and based on retrograde peroneal vessel flow. Eight patients were treated for congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia; one had a nonunion subsequent to infection, and another patient had bone and skin loss due to infection. A posterior approach was used to expose the tibia and to harvest the fibula. Bone union and full weight-bearing were achieved in all cases by 9 months. The patients were followed-up for a mean of 1.8 years (range: 1.5 to 3 years). ( info)

2/247. The aetiology of congenital angulation of tubular bones with constriction of the medullary canal, and its relationship to congenital pseudarthrosis.

    It is suggested that there is a group of cases of congenital angulation of tubular bones in which the lesion is a defect of ossification of the primary cartilaginous anlage and in which neurofibromatosis is not implicated. It appears that in this group the prognosis with regard to the resolution of deformity and the prevention of pseudarthrosis with conservative treatment or relatively simple surgical procedures is better than that in the neurofibromatous type. ( info)

3/247. Congenital pseudarthrosis of both forearm bones: long-term results of two cases managed by free vascularized fibular graft.

    We analyzed the clinical and radiographic outcome of 2 cases of congenital pseudarthrosis of both forearm bones managed by free vascularized fibular grafts. The follow-up periods were 17 and 13 years, respectively. The first patient, a 4-year-old girl, had reconstruction of both the radius and ulna by a vascularized fibular graft, restoring pronation/supination to 110 degrees. The second patient, a 17-year-old boy, underwent a 1-bone forearm procedure using a vascularized fibular graft. After surgery, he had a stable forearm that was shortened by approximately 15 cm. In these 2 cases of congenital pseudarthrosis of both forearm bones, bone union was obtained by means of vascularized fibular graft. ( info)

4/247. Spontaneous healing of an atrophic pseudoarthrosis during femoral lengthening. A case report with six-year follow-up.

    A seven-year old girl developed an atrophic pseudoarthrosis at the midshaft of the femur with 8.5 cm of femoral shortening after an open type II fracture. During a femoral lengthening procedure, the pseudoarthrosis filled with spontaneous callus formation and bone union was obtained. ( info)

5/247. pseudarthrosis of the capitate.

    Nonunion of an isolated fracture of the capitate is an infrequent condition. The authors present a patient who had few symptoms. Computed tomography showed more bone destruction than the standard X-ray. The nonunion healed with the use of a cancellous bone graft. ( info)

6/247. pseudarthrosis of the middle metacarpal following intramedullary fixation of a wrist arthrodesis.

    We describe the case of a 36-year-old woman who presented with an unusual seronegative monoarthropathy of the right wrist and who was treated with fusion by the method of Clayton (1965). The patient probably sustained a metacarpal fracture during intramedullary Steinmann pin insertion, and subsequently developed a pseudarthrosis. ( info)

7/247. Congenital pseudarthrosis of the forearm treated by free vascularized fibular graft: a report of three cases and a review of the literature.

    Congenital pseudarthrosis of the forearm is a rare condition; approximately 60 cases have been reported in the English literature. We report 3 patients treated by wide excision of the pseudarthrosis and free vascularized fibular grafting. The pseudarthrosis involved the radius in 1 patient and the ulna in 2. Neurofibromatosis was present in 2 patients. The technical problems encountered during the procedures included preservation of the distal epiphysis and attaining stable fixation of the fibular graft without damaging its vascular supply. A review of 15 previously reported patients treated by free vascularized fibular grafting showed that this procedure is excellent in the treatment of congenital pseudarthrosis of the forearm and that the result is consistently reproducible. ( info)

8/247. Congenital pseudarthrosis of the clavicle and thoracic outlet syndrome in adolescence.

    A 15-year-old girl with thoracic outlet syndrome associated with congenital pseudarthrosis of the clavicle was examined. The indication for treatment of congenital pseudarthrosis of the clavicle is discussed. ( info)

9/247. Bilateral congenital pseudarthrosis of the clavicle report of a case with clinical, radiological and neurophysiological evaluation.

    Congenital pseudarthrosis of the clavicle is a rare condition. Bilateral involvement is extremely rare: only seven cases have been reported in the literature. Although the anatomy of the thoracic outlet can be markedly altered by the hypermobility of the shoulder and although few cases with mild symptoms suggesting brachial plexus impairment have been reported, the neurological status of the brachial plexus in congenital pseudarthrosis of the clavicle has not been well assessed. We report a case of bilateral congenital pseudarthrosis of the clavicle in which clinical, neurophysiological and radiological evaluations were performed. ( info)

10/247. Involvement of the humerus in two generations with spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia.

    Children with spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia present with a disproportionate short stature, platyspondyly, scoliosis, coxa vara, and clubfeet. Extraskeletal manifestations such as retinal detachment and deafness have been reported. The authors report two patients, a mother and her daughter, aged 35 and 6 years, with findings of pseudarthrosislike lesions in the middiaphysis of both humeri. The mother had minimal symptoms that resolved spontaneously, and the child had no symptoms related to these lesions. The radiographs of the mother show complete remodeling of the lesion. The pseudarthrosislike lesion of the humerus may be one of the manifestations of spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia congentia. In time, the bone remodels completely. Because this is a relatively new radiographic finding, the authors suggest performing a radiograph of the humeri in patients with spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia congenita at least once during childhood. ( info)
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