Cases reported "Pseudophakia"

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1/70. A slit-lamp needling filtration procedure for uncontrolled glaucoma in pseudophakic and aphakic eyes.

    In one aphakic and one pseudophakic patient without previous filtration surgery, a transconjunctival needling procedure similar to that used for failed filtration procedures was performed to create a filtering bleb. In both cases, intraocular pressure was successfully lowered for 6 months until the occurrence of bleb encapsulation, which was relieved by transconjunctival needling. There were no complications. In selected cases, this minimally invasive slit-lamp needling procedure provides successful filtration. ( info)

2/70. Cystoid macular edema associated with latanoprost therapy in a case series of patients with glaucoma and ocular hypertension.

    OBJECTIVE: To identify coexisting ocular diagnoses in a case series of eyes that developed cystoid macular edema (CME) associated with latanoprost therapy. DESIGN: Retrospective observational case series. PARTICIPANTS: Seven eyes of seven patients who developed CME possibly associated with latanoprost treatment were studied. INTERVENTION: When these patients, all of whom were treated with latanoprost in addition to other glaucoma medications, described blurred vision or eye irritation, ocular examination revealed CME, which was confirmed by fluorescein angiography. Latanoprost was discontinued, and in three cases topical corticosteroids and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents were used to treat the CME. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: visual acuity and intraocular pressure were determined before latanoprost use began, during therapy, and after latanoprost use ceased. In these cases, resolution of CME was documented clinically after discontinuing latanoprost. RESULTS: Clinically significant CME developed after 1 to 11 months of latanoprost treatment, with an average decrease of 3 lines in Snellen visual acuity. intraocular pressure decreased an average of 27.9% during treatment. Cystoid macular edema was confirmed in all cases by fluorescein angiography. In these seven patients, the following coexisting ocular conditions may have placed these eyes at risk for prostaglandin-mediated blood-retinal barrier vascular insufficiency: history of dipivefrin-associated CME, epiretinal membrane, complicated cataract surgery, history of macular edema associated with branch retinal vein occlusion, history of anterior uveitis, and diabetes mellitus. In all cases, the macular edema resolved following discontinuation of latanoprost, in some instances with concomitant use of steroidal and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents. CONCLUSIONS: In this case series of pseudophakic, aphakic, or phakic eyes, the temporal relationships between the use of latanoprost and developing CME, and the resolution of CME following cessation of the drug, suggest an association between latanoprost and CME. In all cases, coexisting ocular conditions associated with an altered blood-retinal barrier were present. ( info)

3/70. Endocapsular hematoma: report of a case following glaucoma surgery in a pseudophakic eye.

    The authors describe a case of an endocapsular hematoma that occurred in a 69-year-old pseudophakic diabetic male following mitomycin C (MMC) augmented trabeculectomy for neovascular glaucoma (NVG). The clinical course of the patient is described, and the unique features of this case are presented and discussed. The endocapsular hematoma absorbed in 6 weeks with conservative management. The patient regained the preoperative visual acuity of 20/30, and his intraocular pressure was controlled without any glaucoma medication. The iris neovascularization regressed. This case is the first report of an endocapsular hematoma following glaucoma filtering surgery in a pseudophakic eye with neovascular glaucoma. ( info)

4/70. Contact zone of piggyback acrylic intraocular lenses.

    In a hyperopic cataract patient, surgery was performed with implantation of 2 foldable, acrylic, posterior chamber intraocular lenses (IOLs) in the bag. The IOLs showed a central contact zone during surgery. This contact zone remained after surgery and was documented 2 months postoperatively. The contact zone may induce multifocality similar to that seen with multifocal IOLs. ( info)

5/70. Interpseudophakos Elschnig pearls associated with late hyperopic shift: a complication of piggyback posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation.

    We report 3 cases of bilateral piggyback lens implantation in which late hyperopic shift occurred associated with Elschnig pearl formation in the peripheral interface between the 2 lenses. ( info)

6/70. Pseudophakic cystoid macular edema treated with high-dose intravenous methylprednisolone.

    PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of high-dose methylprednisolone in the treatment of pseudophakic cystoid macular edema (CME). SETTING: University-affiliated hospital. methods: Four patients with pseudophakic CME who reported decreased visual acuities were treated with oral prednisolone (20 mg daily for 5 days), oral acetazolamide (500 mg daily for 5 days), and topical dexamethasone 0.1% and diclofenac 0.1% (4 times a day for 14 days). The CME did not resolve. Next, they were treated with high-dose (1000 mg daily) intravenous methylprednisolone for 3 days. RESULTS: In 3 of 4 eyes, the CME resolved and visual acuity improved. CONCLUSION: High-dose methylprednisolone may be effective in the treatment of pseudophakic CME. ( info)

7/70. Surgical management of coexisting pseudophakic bullous keratopathy and glaucoma.

    This technique is a 1-step surgical management approach for patients with pseudophakic bullous keratopathy, glaucoma, and an unsatisfactory intraocular lens (IOL). The outcome of 4 consecutive patients who had penetrating keratoplasty, IOL removal, vitrectomy, transscleral sutured IOL implantation, and trabeculectomy by the same surgeon were reviewed. All patients had had intracapsular cataract extraction with anterior chamber IOL implantation and were on antiglaucoma therapy. Main outcome measures were Snellen visual acuity and intraocular pressure. A 1-stage quintuple procedure can achieve relatively rapid visual rehabilitation in these high-risk eyes. The role of filtration surgery is controversial, but it was partially successful in controlling postoperative intraocular pressure. ( info)

8/70. Treatment of a cyclodialysis cleft by means of ophthalmic laser microendoscope endophotocoagulation.

    PURPOSE: To report on the repair of a cyclodialysis cleft by means of endolaser photocoagulation. METHOD: Case report. We describe treatment of a cyclodialysis cleft by means of endolaser photocoagulation with a diode laser. RESULTS: In a 8-year-old boy with pseudophakia and secondary glaucoma in the right eye, combined trabeculectomy/trabeculotomy was performed. Ten months later, the patient was seen with persistent hypotony with a flat filtration bleb. The hypotony was unresponsive to all forms of medical therapy. Reformation of the anterior chamber along with synechialysis revealed a 2.5 clock-hour cyclodialysis cleft by means of gonioscopy. A laser microendoscope probe was used and laser was applied to both the internal scleral and external ciliary body surfaces within the depths of the cleft. Within 3 weeks after treatment, intraocular pressure increased to 15 mm Hg and has remained at that level as of 9 months after the endolaser photocoagulation procedure. CONCLUSION: Endolaser photocoagulation with the ophthalmic laser microendoscope may be an appropriate procedure, after failure of medical therapy, for the diagnosis and repair of a cyclodialysis cleft, especially in the pediatric population. ( info)

9/70. Choroidal effusions and hypotony caused by severe anterior lens capsule contraction after cataract surgery.

    PURPOSE: To report the clinical features and management of two patients with pseudophakic anterior capsule contraction with secondary tractional ciliary body detachments and hypotonous choroidal effusions. methods: case reports. RESULTS: In two eyes of two patients with pseudophakia, severe anterior lens capsule contraction and tractional ciliary body detachments, anterior capsulotomy (one Nd:YAG laser, one surgical), was followed by resolution of the ocular hypotony and resolution/nonrecurrence of the choroidal effusions. In both cases, continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis was used during cataract surgery. CONCLUSION: Anterior capsule contraction following pseudophakia may result in tractional ciliary detachment and secondary ocular hypotony. Radial anterior capsulotomy appeared to be effective in both cases. ( info)

10/70. Optical and atomic force microscopy of an explanted AcrySof intraocular lens with glistenings.

    PURPOSE: To assess the surface morphology and cause of glistenings in an explanted AcrySof intraocular lens (IOL). SETTING: Shakai Hoken Kobe Central Hospital, Kobe, japan. methods: A 63-year-old Japanese man had implantation of an AcrySof IOL in the capsular bag. One month postoperatively, he had a neodymium:YAG laser capsulotomy for posterior capsule opacification, which changed the IOL's position in the capsular bag. A few months later, the patient developed disabling night glare from intralenticular glistenings and progressive hyperopic refractive error. The IOL was explanted and then analyzed by optical microscopy and atomic force microscopy (AFM). Laboratory analysis of control AcrySof IOLs kept in a balanced salt solution at steady room and body temperature for 2 months was also performed to evaluate the cause of the glistenings observed clinically. RESULTS: Optical microscopy showed that the explanted AcrySof IOL had several microvacuoles; no abnormalities were observed in the control AcrySof IOLs before or after folding at the room and body temperatures. The AFM analysis showed a significant change in the surface morphology of the explanted IOL, including vacuolar formations in the posterior surface as well as numerous anterior surface irregularities. No microvacuoles or surface morphology alterations were observed in the control AcrySof IOLs by AFM analysis. CONCLUSIONS: The glistenings in the explanted AcrySof IOL were likely caused by temperature changes and not mechanical stress from folding. ( info)
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