Cases reported "Puerperal Infection"

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1/7. perinatal mortality and maternal mortality at the Provincial Hospital, Quang Ngai, South vietnam, 1967-1970.

    The perinatal mortality, maternal mortality, infant mortality rates, and the complications of delivery at the Provincial Hospital of Quang Ngai, South vietnam are described. The perinatal mortality is the only valid statistic available as the infant usually leaves the hospital within three days of delivery. knowledge pertaining to the 4th to 28th day after birth is scanty and there is insufficient knowledge about the first year of life. infant mortality is estimated at 277 per 1,000 live births. The perinatal mortality 64.6 per 1,000 live births, and maternal mortality, 106 per 10,000 live births are extremely high in contrast to Western countries. The high perinatal mortality is attributable to deaths during birth, the neonatal and immediate postnatal period. The high maternal mortality is primarily due to caesarean section, anemia, uterine rupture, toxemia, post-partum hemorrhage and puerperal infection.
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keywords = death
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2/7. Postpartum and Postabortal Ovarian Vein thrombophlebitis.

    Six cases of ovarian vein thrombophlebitis are reported including one resulting in operative death, a case diagnosed by phlebography, a postabortal case, and a case followed by habitual abortion. An historic review of this disease is presented. It is suggested that the ovarian vein may be the most commonly involved vein in puerperal pelvic thrombophlebitis.
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ranking = 1
keywords = death
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3/7. candida sepsis in pregnancy and the postpartum period.

    Colonization of the vagina by candida is common during pregnancy, while candida sepsis in pregnancy is rare. A case of candida sepsis complicating an abortion prompted us to review seven additional cases that occurred during pregnancy or the postpartum period. In four women candidemia developed during pregnancy or following abortion, while in the other four it developed postpartum. Seven women had an apparent predisposing factor, such as antibiotic treatment or an intrauterine device. The clinical course was difficult in four patients and ended in death in three instances. Both amphotericin b and 5-fluorocytosine proved effective for treatment.
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ranking = 1
keywords = death
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4/7. Maternal deaths associated with clostridium sordellii infection.

    clostridium sordellii is a common soil and enteric bacterium that is infrequently recovered from the vagina. We describe three women in which C. sordellii caused puerperal infection and a distinctive and lethal toxic shock-like syndrome. patients were less than 1 week post partum and each had a single, limited focus of infection including infection associated with a retained vaginal sponge, a cesarean section operative site, and endometritis. Each patient had a distinctive course characterized by sudden onset of clinical shock marked by severe and unrelenting hypotension associated with marked, generalized tissue edema and "third spacing" with increased hematocrit, presence of marked leukemoid reaction with total neutrophil counts of 84,000/mm3, 66,000/mm3, and 93,600/mm3, absence of rash or fever, limited or no myonecrosis, and a rapid and uniformly lethal course. hypoalbuminemia was also noted. Similar findings were noted in prior isolated reports of C. sordellii-mediated postpartum or surgical infection. Treatment of animals with C. sordellii or closely related C. difficile toxins produces similar findings. We suggest that localized infection with toxin-producing strains of C. sordellii can produce a rapidly lethal toxic shock-like syndrome. Further study and earlier recognition of this syndrome may be life-saving in other patients.
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ranking = 4
keywords = death
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5/7. Group G streptococcal endocarditis and bacteremia.

    This report describes fifteen recent cases of group G streptococcal bacteremia in patients with acute illnesses. Seven patients had acute endocarditis (47 percent). Four deaths occurred, and four patients had significant clinical complications during prolonged stormy courses. This series indicates a relatively high incidence of infective endocarditis in patients with group G streptococcal bacteremia, which is at variance with recent reports. Group G streptococcal bacteremia (with or without endocarditis) is a serious infection that often follows a hectic course with significant morbidity and mortality. The need for prompt recognition and aggressive treatment of this infection is underscored.
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ranking = 1
keywords = death
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6/7. Maternal deaths associated with postpartum vulvar edema.

    Reported are three maternal deaths in four patients who presented with a similar syndrome following a normal antepartum course and normal labor and delivery managed by regional or local anesthesia and midline or proctoepisiotomy. Beginning about the second postpartum day, the patients developed unilateral perineal edema and induration which progressed to generalized vulvar, vaginal, perineal, and gluteal edema and induration. These patients developed marked leukocytosis, fever, and ultimately vascular collapse; three of them died. The one patient who survived had a similar course except for vascular collapse. Unilateral vulvar induration and edema associated with fever and marked leukocytosis are ominous signs. Aggressive treatment should include the use of multiple antibiotic, crystaloid, colloid, and steroid drugs and appropriate monitoring. By this report we hope to bring attention to this rare but lethal syndrome.
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ranking = 4405.2102646343
keywords = maternal death, death
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7/7. Septic pelvic thrombophlebitis: an unusual treatable postpartum complication.

    Septic pelvic thrombophlebitis is an uncommon but serious postpartum complication occurring in about 1 in 2,000 pregnancies, characterized by pain, antibiotic resistant fever and tachycardia. In about 50% of cases a pelvic mass is present which is usually right-sided (especially when the ovarian vein is involved). It is estimated to cause 18 maternal deaths per million pregnancies in the united states. Use of contrast enhanced CT scanning and a trial of heparin therapy increases the diagnostic certainty. It is particularly important because surgical management which may otherwise be suggested because of a spiking fever and a mass seems to be associated with a poorer prognosis than does conservative management.
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ranking = 4401.2102646343
keywords = maternal death, death
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