Cases reported "puerperal infection"

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1/97. Fatal maternal beta-hemolytic group B streptococcal meningitis: a case report.

    meningitis secondary to beta-hemolytic group B streptococcus is rare and represents less than 1% of cases of adult meningitis. We report the first known case of maternal mortality attributed to beta-hemolytic group B streptococcal meningitis. A 23-year-old African-American woman with a benign prenatal course delivered a viable male infant at term. Labor was complicated by thick meconium for which a saline amnioinfusion was utilized. On postpartum Day 1, the patient complained of right hip pain and a headache. Within 12 hr the patient was comatose with fixed and dilated pupils. life support measures were discontinued secondary to absence of electrocortical activity. Postmortem examination revealed endomyometritis and fulminant meningitis with gram-positive cocci. Placental histologic sections demonstrated acute chorioamnionitis and bateriological cultures noted beta-hemolytic group B streptococcus. The virulence of beta-hemolytic group B streptococcus in the neonate is well recognized. This case demonstrates that beta-hemolytic group B streptococcus is also a potentially fatal maternal pathogen. ( info)

2/97. Post-parturition infectious endocarditis in a patient with a normal mitral valve.

    A 29-year-old woman with no history of heart disease was admitted for the treatment of congestive heart failure. Six months earlier, she had given birth, then 20 days later developed a fever and cardiac failure ensued. An echocardiogram demonstrated severe mitral valve regurgitation. Her blood cultures were positive, and we made a diagnosis of mitral valve regurgitation due to infectious endocarditis. Despite treatment for congestive heart failure and antibiotic therapy, resulting in negative blood cultures, her congestive heart failure did not improve, and vegetation on the mitral valve was observed by echocardiography. We successfully removed the infected tissue with mitral valve plasty. ( info)

3/97. Shaking, chills, and rigors with once-daily gentamicin.

    A patient receiving once-daily gentamicin experienced shaking, chills, and rigors. This adverse reaction has occurred in patients around the country at many different institutions. Although the etiology is thought to be mediated by higher than normal endotoxin levels in one product, other possibilities must be explored. ( info)

4/97. epidural abscess in an obstetric patient.

    epidural abscess is a rare complication of epidural block and occasionally presents in the post partum period. A case is described where a thoracolumbar abscess presented with backache and headache 10 days after an apparently uneventful block for labour and caesarean section. The abscess was treated medically with a satisfactory outcome. The literature is reviewed in order to assess several recent reports of infectious complications of epidural block in obstetric patients. ( info)

5/97. streptococcus pneumoniae peritonitis postpartum.

    A peritonitis caused by an ascending infection is a rare complication postpartum. A 37-year-old woman presented with a secondary peritonitis due to streptococcus pneumoniae. The patient had given birth to a healthy boy 4 weeks before and showed no symptoms of a bronchitis on admission. An operation was performed after the patient developed an acute abdomen, showing a diffuse peritonitis. High vaginal swabs and blood cultures taken on admission were positive for S. pneumoniae as well as the specimen taken during the operation. Thus we concluded that this was a case of an ascending infection. After antibiotic therapy with penicillin the patient could be discharged 8 days after the operation. ( info)

6/97. Systemic phaeohyphomycosis in pregnancy and the puerperium.

    Systemic fungal infections are rare. In pregnancy, treatment is problematic because of the risk of possible teratogenic effects of the antifungal drugs. We present the case of a 32 year-old woman who presented during pregnancy with a two-month history of painless subcutaneous nodules. Excision biopsy of one lesion showed dematiaceous fungal elements. Anti-fungal treatment was deferred and the pregnancy proceeded uneventfully. The remaining nodules were excised at the time of caesarean section delivery. Three weeks into the puerperium, she developed generalised seizures and investigations indicated systemic fungal infection with positive cultures for Aureobasidium spp which responded to appropriate antifungal therapy of flucytosine and itraconazole. ( info)

7/97. perinatal mortality and maternal mortality at the Provincial Hospital, Quang Ngai, South vietnam, 1967-1970.

    The perinatal mortality, maternal mortality, infant mortality rates, and the complications of delivery at the Provincial Hospital of Quang Ngai, South vietnam are described. The perinatal mortality is the only valid statistic available as the infant usually leaves the hospital within three days of delivery. knowledge pertaining to the 4th to 28th day after birth is scanty and there is insufficient knowledge about the first year of life. infant mortality is estimated at 277 per 1,000 live births. The perinatal mortality 64.6 per 1,000 live births, and maternal mortality, 106 per 10,000 live births are extremely high in contrast to Western countries. The high perinatal mortality is attributable to deaths during birth, the neonatal and immediate postnatal period. The high maternal mortality is primarily due to caesarean section, anemia, uterine rupture, toxemia, post-partum hemorrhage and puerperal infection. ( info)

8/97. fistula-in-ano after episiotomy.

    BACKGROUND: In the past 2 years, we treated three women with fourth-degree lacerations or episiotomy infections presenting with persistent pain and drainage not responding to standard treatment. CASES: These women were referred for evaluation 5 weeks, 3.5 months, and 2 years postpartum. After diagnosing fistula-in-ano, we treated them with fistulotomy and curettage, which resolved the problem. CONCLUSION: When a patient presents with pain or drainage at her episiotomy site, fistula-in-ano should be considered. ( info)

9/97. Non-surgical management of post-cesarean endomyometritis associated with myometrial gas formation.

    We present a case of post-cesarean delivery, nonclostridial endomyometritis in which uterine (myometrial) gas formation raised concern for myonecrosis and need for hysterectomy. The patient fully recovered without surgery. Myometrial gas formation in this setting and in an otherwise stable patient may be an insufficient reason for hysterectomy. ( info)

10/97. carbenicillin in acute renal failure.

    Three septicaemic patients with acute renal failure required carbenicillin. Septicaemia was caused by pseudomonas in 2 patients and by serratia marcescens in the third. Therapy in the first 2 patients was complicated by massive gastro-intestinal and uterine bleeding. Septicaemia in the third patient was initially uncontrolled owing to inadequate serum levels of carbenicillin, despite increased dosage as renal function improved. The problems and indications for the use of carbenicillin in renal failure are discussed and the possible relationship to bleeding diathesis is considered. ( info)
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