Cases reported "Pulmonary Embolism"

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1/654. Catheter-directed thrombolysis for thromboembolic disease during pregnancy: a viable option.

    Anticoagulation with intravenous heparin has been the standard treatment for the management of gestational thromboembolic complications. Catheter-directed thrombolysis is an encouraging approach for the treatment of thromboembolic disease and has not been previously reported during pregnancy. One gravid woman with pulmonary embolism, critically ill, and hemodynamically compromised, and two gravid women with iliofemoral venous thrombosis, who failed to respond to standard treatment with intravenous heparin, were treated with catheter-directed urokinase. All three patients experienced rapid resolution of symptoms and successful pregnancy outcomes. In our three patients, catheter-directed thrombolysis for thromboembolic disease during pregnancy allowed rapid resolution of hemodynamic abnormalities and/or resolution of thrombus. Catheter-directed thrombolysis offered a reasonably safe alternative to prolonged medical management in these young, otherwise healthy, patients. Long-term, it may prevent the postphlebitic syndrome.
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ranking = 1
keywords = thrombosis, venous thrombosis
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2/654. Primary venous aneurysms--case reports.

    Venous aneurysms are rare lesions that may be the source of pulmonary emboli and can result in death. The authors have recently treated several patients who had venous aneurysms of the upper extremity, lower extremity, and jugular system. Venous aneurysms usually appear to have a safe natural history in these locations, although all of the reported patients required surgery after the development of symptoms owing to complaints of pain, and/or cosmetic appearance, and/or a diagnosis of thrombosis. These cases are presented, along with a review of venous aneurysms occurring at other sites and their causes.
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ranking = 0.76072176477531
keywords = thrombosis
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3/654. Pulmonary vein obstruction by bronchogenic carcinoma.

    Two patients with obstruction of the pulmonary veins by bronchogenic carcinoma, an unusual cause, are presented. These and other cases reported have had features suggestive of mitral stenosis. The differential diagnosis is discussed.
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ranking = 0.047551849750365
keywords = vein
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4/654. thrombophlebitis and pulmonary embolism with surgical intervention in the third trimester.

    A case of acute deep vein thrombophlebitis and pulmonary embolism in late gestation has been presented with a discussion of diagnostic modalities, therapeutic regimens, and theoretical considerations. It is our belief that aggressive medical management is best accomplished by giving heparin intravenously as the primary anticoagulant. When medical management is best accomplished by giving heparin intravenously as the primary anticoagulant. When medical management is not effective or if embolism occurs, surgical intervention, consisting of vena caval clipping and ovarian vein ligation with scrupulous attention to detail, is indicated. Further, support to prophylaxis of abruptio placenta secondary to the mechanism espoused by Mengert et al is added by the course of this patient.
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ranking = 1.1566188559897
keywords = deep vein, vein, deep
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5/654. Recurrent pulmonary embolism associated with klippel-trenaunay-weber syndrome.

    klippel-trenaunay-weber syndrome (KTWS) is a rare, congenital disorder characterized by the triad of varicose veins, cutaneous hemangiomas, and hypertrophy of soft tissue and bone. We present the case of a woman with KTWS, cor pulmonale, and death due to recurrent pulmonary embolism (PE). The risk of deep venous thrombosis and PE in patients with KTWS is evaluated, and treatment recommendations are made with emphasis on the role of early, aggressive management in the subset of patients with KTWS known to have thromboembolic disease.
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ranking = 1.0134871605543
keywords = thrombosis, venous thrombosis, vein, deep
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6/654. heart transplantation after successful donor postpartum pulmonary embolectomy.

    A fulminant pulmonary embolism can be treated surgically if thrombolytic therapy is contraindicated. A 31-year-old woman developed a fulminant pulmonary embolism after right-sided deep venous thrombosis 1 day after undergoing a cesarean section. A pulmonary embolectomy with cardiopulmonary bypass was performed, but the patient was brain-dead. After 2 days of echocardiographic observation, her heart was explanted for a 61-year-old man with ischemic cardiomyopathy. His right heart data were unremarkable, and he remains well 16 months after transplantation. Despite the sudden strain on the right ventricle that occurs with a pulmonary embolism, such a heart may be transplanted successfully after a pulmonary embolectomy.
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ranking = 1.0039767906042
keywords = thrombosis, venous thrombosis, deep
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7/654. pulmonary embolism and myocardial hypoxia during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.

    The treatment of a newborn with severe meconium aspiration by venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) was complicated by myocardial hypoxia with a marked decrease of myocardial contractility. The onset of the cardiac hypoxia was related to a pulmonary artery embolus. The origin of the embolus was a deep femoral vein thrombosis, caused by a central vein catheter, which was inserted 1 day before ECMO by venous cutdown. The possible pathophysiology of myocardial hypoxia in this patient is discussed, especially with regard to myocardial perfusion, supporting the hypothesis of coronary perfusion occuring with blood from the left ventricle and not from the arterial cannula in the aorta.
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ranking = 0.89541822869538
keywords = thrombosis, vein thrombosis, vein, deep
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8/654. Low-molecular-weight heparin: more indications for use.

    The initial studies of low-molecular-weight heparin in the treatment of deep-vein thrombosis excluded pregnant women and patients with acute pulmonary embolism or a known hypercoagulable disorder. However, none of these needs to be a contraindication, and outpatient treatment is possible, provided that proper patient selection and follow-up are implemented.
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ranking = 0.8859078587453
keywords = thrombosis, vein thrombosis, vein, deep
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9/654. Postoperative acute pulmonary thromboembolism in patients with acute necrotizing pancreatitis with special reference to apheresis therapy.

    Eight patients with pancreatic abscesses secondary to acute necrotizing pancreatitis underwent drainage of their abscesses under laparotomy. Two of them died of acute pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) within 1 week. autopsy revealed a large thrombus at the main trunk of the pulmonary artery and in the left common iliac vein. Femoral catheter insertion/indwelling, immobilization, surgery, increased trypsin/kinin/kallikrein, increased endotoxin, and decreased antithrombin-III (AT-III) were present following drainage of the pancreatic abscesses. With respect to the bedside diagnosis of acute PTE, alveolar-arterial oxygen gradients obtained by blood gas analysis and mean pulmonary artery pressure estimated by pulsed Doppler echocardiography are very useful. In terms of the treatment, attention should be paid to the following to prevent deep venous thrombosis: prophylactic administration of low molecular weight heparin and administration of AT-III (AT-III > or = 80%), use of the subclavian vein whenever possible as blood access for apheresis therapy, as short a compression time as possible after removing the blood access catheter (< or =6 h), and application of intermittent pneumatic compression devices or elastic compression stockings on the lower extremities.
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ranking = 1.0229975305044
keywords = thrombosis, venous thrombosis, vein, deep
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10/654. A successful case of pulmonary thromboendarterectomy for chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension with a thrombus in the right ventricle.

    Chronic thromboembolism is a frequent cause of progressive hypertension and carries a poor prognosis. Medical treatment is not effective and surgery provides the only potential for a cure at present. We herein report a successful case of thromboendarterectomy treated via a median sternotomy with intermittent circulatory arrest. A 43-year-old man was admitted to our hospital complaining of progressive dyspnea, edema of the lower extremities, and a fever with an unknown origin. A subsequent definitive evaluation showed him to be suffering from surgically accessible chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension with a thrombus in the right ventricle. He underwent a pulmonary thromboendarterectomy and thrombectomy via a median sternotomy with intermittent circulatory arrest on November 24, 1994. Postoperatively he showed a marked improvement in his hemodynamic status and blood gas analysis. He has also returned to work with no trouble. Deep vein thrombosis appeared to be the pathogenesis of this case, but we could not find the origin of his unknown fever. He is currently being controlled by treatment with methylprednisolone as before.
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ranking = 0.88193106814106
keywords = thrombosis, vein thrombosis, vein
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