Cases reported "Pulmonary Embolism"

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1/165. Sudden unexpected death from pulmonary thromboembolism--examination of antemortem chest X-ray.

    An autopsy case of a woman who died suddenly from undiagnosed and untreated pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) on her way home from the hospital is described in this report. She had complained of chest pain and dyspnea on exertion when she visited the hospital and a chest X-ray taken at that time showed remarkable manifestation of right heart failure and PTE, compared with former x-rays taken during previous visits to the hospital. In this report we present the findings of four chest x-rays of this patient, which had been taken both before and after the development of PTE.
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2/165. Primary venous aneurysms--case reports.

    Venous aneurysms are rare lesions that may be the source of pulmonary emboli and can result in death. The authors have recently treated several patients who had venous aneurysms of the upper extremity, lower extremity, and jugular system. Venous aneurysms usually appear to have a safe natural history in these locations, although all of the reported patients required surgery after the development of symptoms owing to complaints of pain, and/or cosmetic appearance, and/or a diagnosis of thrombosis. These cases are presented, along with a review of venous aneurysms occurring at other sites and their causes.
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3/165. Recurrent pulmonary embolism associated with klippel-trenaunay-weber syndrome.

    klippel-trenaunay-weber syndrome (KTWS) is a rare, congenital disorder characterized by the triad of varicose veins, cutaneous hemangiomas, and hypertrophy of soft tissue and bone. We present the case of a woman with KTWS, cor pulmonale, and death due to recurrent pulmonary embolism (PE). The risk of deep venous thrombosis and PE in patients with KTWS is evaluated, and treatment recommendations are made with emphasis on the role of early, aggressive management in the subset of patients with KTWS known to have thromboembolic disease.
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4/165. Ruptured mycotic pulmonary artery aneurysm: an unusual complication of right-sided endocarditis.

    Mycotic pulmonary aneurysm is an infrequently diagnosed complication of endocarditis. We report here a case of mycotic pulmonary aneurysm and a review of 25 cases from the literature. The mortality rate is greater than 50%. Prompt diagnosis is necessary because early intrasaccular embolization and/or surgical repair is essential to avoid death from rupture of the aneurysm.
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5/165. pulmonary embolism mimicking acute myocardial infarction.

    pulmonary embolism is a major cause of death in the united states. A high index of suspicion is required to achieve an accurate diagnosis. We report a case of a patient with syncope, ischemic electrocardiographic changes, and an elevated troponin i level, presenting just like acute myocardial infarction. The case highlights the value of an early use of 2-dimensional echocardiography in obtaining an accurate diagnosis, thus avoiding unnecessary and inappropriate treatment.
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6/165. Fatal pulmonary embolism in a child undergoing extra-ventricular drainage surgery--a case report.

    Thromboembolism is rather common in neurological patients and patients with brain tumor, who are bed-ridden or with partial immobile limb. In serious instances morbidity and mortality are inevitable. We present a case report on a fatal pulmonary embolism in a 2-year-old girl who underwent extra-ventricular drainage procedure under general anesthesia for occipital subdural effusion, a sequela of the former surgery undertaken to remove the choroid plexus papilloma 13 days ago. Sudden cardiac arrest occurred during induction of anesthesia and she finally succumbed in spite of vigorous cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography performed in the course of resuscitation disclosed thrombi of various sizes scattering in right atrium, the right ventricle, main pulmonary trunk, and the left pulmonary artery. The cause of death was thought to be severe obstruction of right ventricular outflow tract by large thrombi. The etiological factors which possibly led to the thrombosis were discussed, and the methods of diagnosis and treatment were also explored.
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7/165. Multicentric warfarin-induced skin necrosis complicating heparin-induced thrombocytopenia.

    Two patients developed catastrophic multicentric skin necrosis while receiving warfarin to treat venous thromboembolism complicated by immune-mediated heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT). Patient 1 developed skin necrosis involving the breasts, thighs, and face, as well as venous limb gangrene and bilateral hemorrhagic necrosis of the adrenal glands, resulting in death. The second patient developed bilateral mammary necrosis necessitating mastectomies, as well as skin necrosis involving the thigh. Neither patient had an identifiable hypercoagulable syndrome, other than HIT. HIT may represent a risk factor for the development of multicentric warfarin-induced skin necrosis (WISN).
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8/165. Use of inhaled nitric oxide in pulmonary embolism.

    Acute massive pulmonary embolism carries a high mortality with the majority of deaths occurring during the early phase. We describe a case of massive pulmonary embolism resulting in severe cardiovascular collapse and cardiac arrest which was treated successfully with inhaled nitric oxide.
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9/165. Chronic intrauterine meconium aspiration causes fetal lung infarcts, lung rupture, and meconium embolism.

    Three neonates with chronic intrauterine meconium aspiration are reported. All had distinctive subpleural plate-infarcts of the lungs caused by meconium-induced vasoconstriction of peripheral preacinar arteries. These vessels showed plexogenic arteriopathy with medionecrosis and obliterative hyaline sclerosis. Organized thrombi and systemic-pulmonary arterial anastomoses were numerous. The infarcts contained inspissated meconium with a granulomatous reaction.In one case, lung rupture occurred, causing meconiumthorax and meconium embolism to hilar lymphatics and lymph nodes; this suggests that particulate meconium may enter the circulation. This fetus had rubella and probable acute twin-twin transfusion following the intrauterine death of the co-twin. The cause of the hypoxia that led to intrauterine passage of meconium in the other cases is unknown. meconium-stained amniotic fluid was noted in only one case.
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10/165. Management of pulmonary thrombo-embolism using catheter manipulation: a report of four cases and review of the literature.

    To date the management of pulmonary thrombo-embolism is still largely limited to anticoagulation. heparin and oral anticoagulation have been shown to be effective in reducing recurrence and death in venous thrombo-embolism. During the acute stage, systemic thrombolytic therapy has also been advocated for the rapid dissolution of the thrombus in patients with haemodynamic instability. We describe four patients with acute pulmonary thrombo-embolism who were managed with catheter-based thrombus manipulation with intrapulmonary thrombolysis. This management strategy should be considered in patients with pulmonary thrombo-embolism who continue to deteriorate despite conventional management with anticoagulation or systemic thrombolysis.
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