Cases reported "Pyelonephritis"

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11/325. Atypical infective endocarditis.

    BACKGROUND: Although infective endocarditis has changed in the recent past as a result of microbiologic and risk factors, it continues to be clinically challenging. The disease is characterized by the formation of septic masses of platelets on the surfaces of heart valves. Several mechanisms can cause or contribute to the development of endocarditis. Although risk factors for infective endocarditis are well known, patients with atypical signs and symptoms continue to challenge us. methods: We describe a case report of a patient admitted to our inpatient service with back pain and presumed pyelonephritis. A medline literature search was conducted, using the key words "endocarditis," "back pain," and "bacterial," for the years 1986 to the present. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: A 42-year-old woman with a history of intravenous drug abuse was admitted to the family practice service with back pain and pyelonephritis. She developed hypoxia and a new heart murmur and had continued fevers. blood cultures drawn in the emergency department grew methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus. A bone scan and magnetic resonance imaging led to the diagnosis of epidural abscess. What appeared to be a simple case of pyelonephritis with back pain became a case of infective endocarditis complicated by an epidural abscess.
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12/325. Double cancers of the kidney and ureter complicated with emphysematous pyelonephritis within the parenchyma of the renal tumour.

    Emphysematous pyelonephritis and double cancers of the kidney and urinary tract are rare. We describe here a case of a diabetic man who had simultaneous renal cell carcinoma of the right kidney and transitional cell carcinoma of the right ureter complicated with emphysematous pyelonephritis within the tumour parenchyma of renal cell carcinoma. Imaging and pathology are demonstrated.
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13/325. Relapsing Henoch-Schonlein purpura associated with pseudomonas aeruginosa pyelonephritis.

    Henoch-Schonlein purpura is a systemic vasculitis of unknown cause. It is frequently triggered by a streptococcal upper respiratory tract infection. Other bacteria have been implicated as triggering agents. We report a recurring case of Henoch-Schonlein purpura in a patient with Pseudomonas pyelonephritis. The Henoch-Schonlein purpura remitted only when the infection was eradicated. Pseudomonas infection should be added to the list of bacteria that can trigger Henoch-Schonlein purpura.
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keywords = pyelonephritis
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14/325. Calyceal diverticula in children: unusual features and complications.

    Calyceal diverticulum is a relatively rare lesion that is usually asymptomatic but can assume clinical significance if drainage is impaired. Three patients are presented with unusual complications directly referable to a calyceal diverticulum. One child had a mobile calculus. In 2 others, intrarenal inflammatory masses developed in the area previously occupied by a calyceal diverticulum. One of these children had proved xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis, and the other had an infected diverticulum.
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keywords = pyelonephritis
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15/325. ventricular flutter in a neonate--severe electrolyte imbalance caused by urinary tract infection in the presence of urinary tract malformation.

    Male infants under the age of 3 months presenting with pyelonephritis in the presence of urinary tract malformation (UTM) are prone to transient pseudohypoaldosteronism. This may resemble congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). hyponatremia, hyperkalemia, dehydration, and metabolic acidosis are the primary findings that permit the diagnosis of CAH. We report a case of transient pseudohypoaldosteronism resulting from pyelonephritis and vesicouretric reflux. The 17-day-old boy presented with a salt-losing episode simulating adrenal insufficiency. An initial diagnosis of CAH was made. The severe metabolic imbalance resulted in ventricular flutter that resolved after correction of the metabolic acidosis and the electrolyte and volume depletion. early diagnosis is essential because both conditions are potentially fatal and treatment differs significantly. Differential diagnosis may be achieved by urinalysis and abdominal ultrasound scan.
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16/325. Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis presenting as emphysematous pyelonephritis: a rare association.

    Xanthogranulomatous and emphysematous pyelonephritis are two rare variants of pyelonephritis. Their combined occurrence is a very rare condition, which has been documented in our case.
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17/325. Bilateral emphysematous pyelonephritis with autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease successfully treated by conservative method.

    Emphysematous pyelonephritis (EPN) is an uncommon and potentially life-threatening necrotizing inflammation of the renal parenchyma. EPN associated with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPCK) is extremely rare. We report such a case of bilateral EPN with ADPCK that was successfully treated with conservative methods. To our knowledge, our case is only the second to document bilateral EPN occurring with ADPCK and the first one to be treated successfully with conservative methods.
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ranking = 1.6666669384085
keywords = pyelonephritis, necrotizing
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18/325. Endoscopic treatment of vesicoureteral reflux in children with glutaraldehyde cross-linked bovine dermal collagen. Short-term results.

    BACKGROUND: Endoscopic treatment using glutaraldehyde cross-linked (GAX) collagen was conducted on 4 children with bilateral primary vesicoureteral reflux (VUR)..... a 1-year-old boy and three 5- to 8-year-old girls $B!D (Ball having a history of repeated hospitalization for fever due to acute pyelonephritis, visiting as pediatric outpatients regularly and receiving antibiotics continuously. By international VUR classification, 4 ureters were grade 3, 2 grade 4, and 2 grade 5. methods: After nonallergy to GAX collagen was confirmed intracutaneously, a needle was used through a 9.5 Fr cystoscope channel to puncture bladder mucosa 4 to 5 mm from the affected ureteral orifice at 6 o'clock under general anesthesia; 1.1 to 1.9 ml of GAX collagen was injected immediately below affected orifices. RESULTS: Three months after surgery, voiding cystourethrography showed reflux had disappeared in 6 ureters, for a short-term success rate of 75%. VUR in the Remaining 2 ureters improved from grade 3 to 1 and from grade 5 to 4. No postoperative urinary tract infection occurred and antibiotics were stopped. CONCLUSION: Since GAX collagen is less viscous than Teflon paste, it is easily injected into submucosa, does not form granuloma or migrate to other organs, and is noncarcinogenic. Endoscopic VUR treatment using GAX collagen is indicated when less invasion and shorter hospitalization are considered, although it requires general anesthesia, which itself involves some risk.
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keywords = pyelonephritis
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19/325. Hepatic periportal tracking associated with severe acute pyelonephritis.

    The computed tomographic appearance of hepatic perivascular halos has been described in a variety of disorders. We observed three cases with sepsis due to acute pyelonephritis who presented with anasarca and had identical computed tomographic features of periportal edema associated with ascites, pleural effusion, a thickened gallbladder wall, and a dilated inferior vena cava. None of the three patients had an underlying disease process that was previously described as an etiology for an altered hepatic lymphatic dynamics. Acute severe pyelonephritis should be included in the differential diagnosis of extrahepatic diseases that cause hepatic perivascular lucencies.
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20/325. Emphysematous pyelonephritis: a rare presentation.

    Emphysematous pyelonephritis is a rare life threatening infection in diabetes characterised by suppurative infection of renal parenchyma and perirenal tissues. It usually presents with fever, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, shock, lethargy, and confusion. diabetic ketoacidosis is an uncommon presentation. In the present case, an elderly female presented with abdominal pain, fever, vomiting, and altered sensorium. She was diagnosed to have diabetic ketoacidosis with metabolic encephalopathy with right emphysematous pyelonephritis. She had an excellent response to medical treatment alone and was later discharged on oral hypoglycaemic agents.
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