Cases reported "Pyelonephritis"

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21/325. Bilateral emphysematous pyelonephritis with perirenal abscess cured by conservative therapy.

    Emphysematous pyelonephritis is a rare life-threatening infection of the renal parenchyma. It usually affects unilateral kidney and occurs mostly in diabetic patients. It is characterized by the presence of gas within the renal parenchyma and requires prompt diagnosis and early aggressive therapy. Bilateral emphysematous pyelonephritis is even more rare and is associated with high mortality. We describe a case of a 62-year-old diabetic woman who presented with nonketotic hyperosmolar coma and bilateral emphysematous pyelonephritis caused by klebsiella pneumoniae. diagnosis of bilateral emphysematous pyelonephritis was confirmed by an abdominal computed tomographic scan and microbiologic studies. Our patient was successfully treated using percutaneous catheter drainage and long-term antibiotic therapy.
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keywords = pyelonephritis
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22/325. Emphysematous pyelonephritis- conversion of type i to type II appearance on serial CT studies.

    Recently, emphysematous pyelonephritis (EPN) has been classified into two subtypes based on CT findings. We recently experienced a patient whose CT image changed from type I (extensive destruction of the renal parenchyma with a large amount of air density without any fluid collection) to type II (containing a large amount of fluid) during the course of conservative treatment. We believe that some patients with type I EPN can change to type II EPN.
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ranking = 0.625
keywords = pyelonephritis
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23/325. Emphysematous pyelonephritis.

    Emphysematous pyelonephritis is a rare, severe, necrotizing form of renal infection characterized by the presence of gas within the renal parenchyma or perinephric space. In patients suspected of emphysematous pyelonephritis, computed tomography scan should be done promptly. Based on the available data and this case, surgical intervention appears to be the preferred treatment.
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ranking = 0.7500001019032
keywords = pyelonephritis, necrotizing
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24/325. Hemoglobinopathy with prolonged bactermia. A report of two cases.

    Prolonged escherichia coli bacteremia occurred as a complication of pyelonephritis in two patients with abnormal hemoglobins (SC and SS), despite "appropriate" antibiotic therapy. Careful investigation in each case failed to account for the persistent sepsis. Pyogenic arthritis ultimately developed in both patients.
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ranking = 0.125
keywords = pyelonephritis
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25/325. Acute pyelonephritis: a cause of acute renal failure?

    Two patients with acute renal failure due to acute pyelonephritis are described. Examination of the renal biopsy showed normal glomeruli, severe interstitial neutrophilic infiltration and edema with no signs of acute tubular necrosis. Until now, only twelve biopsy-proven proven cases have been reported. A review of the literature on acute renal failure due to acute pyelonephritis is presented.
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ranking = 0.75
keywords = pyelonephritis
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26/325. Successful medical treatment of acute bilateral emphysematous pyelonephritis.

    Emphysematous pyelonephritis most often presents as an acute medical emergency, typically in a septic diabetic patient with acute renal failure. The management of this condition has traditionally been surgical, with nephrectomy. However, some recent reports have described successful medical interventions. We describe a case of acute bilateral emphysematous pyelonephritis in a frail patient not suitable for bilateral nephrectomy and long-term dialysis. This condition was managed medically, not surgically, with intensive antibiotic and circulatory support. The outcome was complete recovery after months of hospital-based treatment. We discuss the management of this rare but important condition in detail.
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ranking = 0.75
keywords = pyelonephritis
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27/325. Adrenal lymphangioma: a case report.

    We present a case of a 30-year-old female who was evaluated for right flank pain. Clinical and diagnostic work up revealed a urinary tract infection with focal pyelonephritis of the right kidney. Ultrasound and computed tomography of the abdomen were included in the evaluation and revealed incidental finding of cystic structure at right suprarenal space. Follow-up evaluation for further characterization of cyst was performed with MRI and displayed a 4.8x4.5-cm right adrenal cyst containing dystrophic calcification, septations, and minimal nodularity. Surgical resection and histologic findings were compatible with cystic lymphangioma of the adrenal gland. Adrenal lymphangioma is a rare and benign lesion that is most often identified incidentally during radiological investigation or at autopsy. Diagnostic features of adrenal cysts including lymphangiomas are discussed.
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ranking = 0.125
keywords = pyelonephritis
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28/325. Recurrent eclampsia in a woman with chronic pyelonephritis.

    pre-eclampsia associated with chronic pyelonephritis is not uncommon, but recurrent eclampsia in two successive pregnancies associated with chronic pyelonephritis is very rare. We present one such rare case where a patient had recurrent eclampsia with chronic pyelonephritis.
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ranking = 0.875
keywords = pyelonephritis
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29/325. Fatal emphysematous pyelonephritis with gas in the spinal extradural space in a patient with diabetes.

    BACKGROUND: Emphysematous pyelonephritis (EP) is a rare but life-threatening condition of the upper urinary tract, characterized by the presence of gas in the renal parenchyma and perirenal space. The vast majority of patients with EP (90%) are known to have diabetes, with escherichia coli being the most common causative pathogen. CASE REPORT: We present a case of fatal bilateral EP in a patient with diabetes, with an unusual radiological finding of gas around the spinal cord and in the psoas muscle, with renal parenchymal sparing. Our case serves as an important reminder of this life threatening entity in diabetic patients, which is not well recognized by clinicians because of its rarity.
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ranking = 0.625
keywords = pyelonephritis
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30/325. Emphysematous pyelonephritis.

    Emphysematous pyelonephritis is a severe form of acute pyelonephritis, characterised by fever, abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, associated with intraparenchymal and perirenal gas production. It is often diagnosed radiologically, by plain films of abdomen, ultrasonogram and/or CT scan and often needs surgical drainage. We report a case which could be diagnosed clinically because of extensive surgical emphysema in a diabetic patient which was successfully managed by a combined medical and surgical approach.
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ranking = 0.75
keywords = pyelonephritis
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