Cases reported "Quadriplegia"

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1/79. Spontaneous ankylosis of the contralateral hip after unilateral adductor tenotomy in cerebral palsy.

    This is the case report of a 15-year-old black male with spastic quadriplegia cerebral palsy who developed heterotopic ossification and spontaneous ankylosis of his contralateral nonoperative hip after unilateral adductor tenotomy. To the authors' knowledge, this is the only reported case of such an occurrence. The mechanism and possible risk factors are discussed as well as management of this complication.
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2/79. Lobectomy for destroyed lung in quadriplegic patients.

    BACKGROUND: Sixty-seven percent of quadriplegic patients after spinal cord injury (SCI) develop respiratory complications, which leads to death in one third. Preventive measures may fail to avoid parenchymal destruction and possible septic complications. methods: Three quadriplegic patients (C3-C6 level), with destroyed lower lobes and incontrollable septic symptoms, were subjected to lobectomy. RESULTS: Neither operative morbidity nor mortality was observed. All patients were discharged home without ventilatory assistance, and were symptom-free. CONCLUSIONS: When the endobronchial chronic infection calls for repeated fiberoptic bronchoscopies to clear the bronchial tree, the parenchymal destruction is limited to one lobe of the lung, and there is evidence of impending septic complications, lobectomy may be indicated in quadriplegics to eradicate the source of infection.
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3/79. Neonatal infectious spondylitis of the cervical spine presenting with quadriplegia: a case report.

    STUDY DESIGN: A case report.- OBJECTIVE: To highlight the evaluation and treatment of neonatal infectious spondylitis of the cervical spine. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Most authors advise intravenous antibiotics as first-choice treatment. The place of aspiration or operative drainage is debated, as is the position and duration of immobilization. methods: A 3-week-old neonate was presented with intermittent quadriplegia. RESULTS: Additional investigation demonstrated an osteolytic process in the body of C3 with a large epidural abscess compressing the spinal cord. Because an infectious spondylitis of C3 was suspected, aspiration of the abscess was performed, and antibiotic therapy was started. The patient improved to neurologically normal within 3 weeks and remains asymptomatic throughout a follow-up period of 7 years. CONCLUSIONS: Neonatal infectious spondylitis should be diagnosed early and treated promptly; otherwise, it may have devastating consequences.
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4/79. arachnoiditis ossificans and syringomyelia: a unique case report.

    A 62-year-old male presented with progressive quadriparesis. magnetic resonance imaging of the spine revealed a spinal cord syrinx but failed to detect extensive arachnoiditis ossificans noted on insertion of a syringopleural shunt. A postoperative computed tomography scan clearly demonstrated the abnormality and its extent. We present a rare case of syringomyelia resulting from spinal arachnoiditis ossificans and review the relevant literature.
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5/79. adrenal insufficiency masquerading as sepsis in a patient with tetraparesis: a case report.

    Several endocrine changes have been reported in patients with tetraplegia after spinal cord injury (SCI). These changes should be considered when prescribing medications that influence the endocrine pathways. megestrol acetate has gained acceptance as a way to promote weight gain in cachectic patients without significant adverse effects. We present a case of a 51-year-old man with C5-C6 tetraparesis who was only 67% of his ideal body weight and was placed on megestrol acetate 5 months before admission for a urologic procedure. Postoperatively, the patient had severe hypotension and tachycardia that was interpreted as a septic or cardiac event. Further workup revealed subnormal levels of 8AM cortisol. An adrenocorticotrophic hormone stimulation test demonstrated results consistent with adrenal suppression. hydrocortisone supplementation was started, and 6 months later cortisol levels were within normal limits. cachexia, hypotension, and mild tachycardia are not uncommon in patients with SCI. When severe hypotension and tachycardia are seen in patients with tetraplegia, the diagnosis of adrenal insufficiency should be considered.
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6/79. Postoperative stroke in a child with cerebral palsy heterozygous for factor v Leiden.

    A 5-year-old with spastic quadraparetic cerebral palsy suffered multiple strokes after extensive orthopedic surgery. Coagulation testing was undertaken to determine whether a familial thrombophilia was present. The patient was found to be heterozygous for factor v Leiden. factor v Leiden may be a risk factor for central nervous system events in special-needs children, particularly when common medical conditions create additional procoagulant risks.
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7/79. Congenital arthrogryposis associated with atlantoaxial subluxation and dysraphic abnormalities. Case report.

    The authors report the case of a 27-year-old woman with an arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC) associated with atlantoaxial subluxation. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first report of its kind. The authors review the literature with reference to dysraphic abnormalities associated with atlantoaxial subluxation and with AMC. The patient presented with severe tetraparesis following a minor traffic accident. She underwent a procedure in which transoral decompression and dorsal stabilization were performed and, postoperatively, made a good clinical outcome. The authors stress the need for diagnostic neuroimaging of the craniocervical junction in patients with AMC.
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8/79. Intramedullary spinal cord metastasis from gastric cancer. Case report.

    A case of intramedullary spinal cord metastasis from gastric cancer is reported. A 51-year-old woman presented with hemicord syndrome that had progressed within 1 month to tetraplegia. Despite total resection of the tumor, she died of disseminated intravascular coagulation and multiple organ failure. Examination of pathological findings demonstrated undifferentiated adenocarcinoma, and postoperative gastroendoscopic study revealed advanced gastric cancer. To the authors' knowledge this is the first case of intramedullary spinal cord metastasis from gastric cancer. The clinical characteristics of the disease are discussed.
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9/79. Where there's hope.

    A young patient's account of her preoperative and postoperative experiences is recalled.
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ranking = 2
keywords = operative
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10/79. Multiple nocardial abscesses of cerebrum, cerebellum and spinal cord, causing quadriplegia.

    In this paper we present a case of a diabetic patient with nocardial abscesses of cerebrum, cerebellum and the spinal cord. The present case is the first case in the literature of solitary intramedullary abscess in cervical spinal cord, causing tetraplegia. nocardia asteroides grew in a culture of the abscess pus. After either surgical excision or drainage of lesions, a triple combination regimen of chemotherapy (amikacin, ceftriaxone and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole) was given, but the patient was lost in the postoperative period. This case gives suggestive evidence of an association between cervical spinal cord involvement and poor prognosis in CNS nocardiosis.
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