Cases reported "REM Sleep Parasomnias"

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1/5. parasomnias. Managing bizarre sleep-related behavior disorders.

    Sleep can be a troubling experience for persons plagued by nocturnal disorders known as parasomnias. While they are "asleep," such persons may be walking, screaming in terror, rearranging furniture, eating odd food concoctions, or wielding weapons. Or they may be unable to fall asleep because of the unpleasant sensations of restless legs syndrome. Although these disorders are indeed bizarre, effective treatments are available. In this article, Drs Schenck and Mahowald discuss the evaluation and treatment of parasomnias and provide illustrative patient vignettes from their extensive experience at a sleep disorders center. ( info)

2/5. Hypnic headache syndrome: association of the attacks with REM sleep.

    We describe the polysomnographic data of two patients with nocturnal headache attacks fulfilling the clinical criteria for hypnic headache syndrome. Two overnight polysomnographic studies were performed in each patient. Four nocturnal headache attacks were captured, all emerging from the REM phase of sleep. Our findings suggest a close relationship between the REM phase of sleep and the appearance of hypnic headache attacks. ( info)

3/5. Hypnic headache: a case report with polysomnography.

    We report on a case of nocturnal headache attacks fulfilling the criteria for hypnic headache syndrome. Using an overnight polysomnography, one nocturnal headache attack was captured during the REM phase of sleep. Quality of sleep was poor with desaturation episodes. However, the hypnic headache attack was not associated with oxygen desaturation. This additional case supports the view of a relationship between the hypnic headache syndrome and the REM sleep stage. lithium therapy decreased the intensity and frequency of headache attacks. ( info)

4/5. Prolonged asystolia in a young athlete: a case of sinus arrest during REM sleep.

    A young asymptomatic male athlete came to our laboratory to be enrolled in a research protocol on physical fatigue. Routine clinical and cardiological evaluations including echocardiogram were in the normal range. Several consecutive cardiopulmonary tests showed a fairly good tolerance to exercise, with no symptoms even when the effort was abruptly arrested. On the other hand, Holter ECG recordings showed long nocturnal sinus pauses. As he was absolutely asymptomatic and free from any structural heart disease, he underwent a follow-up with repeated Holter monitorings for one year. During this period he decided on his own to stop practising sports; in spite of this sharp reduction in his overall physical activity, consecutive Holter monitorings showed that the sinus pauses were progressively increasing in duration (up to 9.2 seconds). With the hypothesis of a malignant vagotonia, he underwent a tilt test; however, we could not elicit any pauses or symptoms. The pauses grew longer over time; a endocavitary electrophysiologic test was performed, which showed no evidence of disease. To rule out the hypothesis of a sleep apnoea syndrome, he also underwent a polysomnography, including EEG, eye movement electromyography, arterial blood oxygen saturation and thoracic impedance: no alterations were detected with the exception of the sinus pauses, which appeared to be strictly linked to REM sleep, as suggested by the concurrent increase in rapid eye movements and desynchronized EEG. We hence made a diagnosis of sinus arrest during REM sleep (SAdRS), a very uncommon disease belonging to the parasomnias. Pauses were then quantified for one month by implanting a ECG loop recorder. As the patient became more and more upset and worried, and the pauses increased to nearly 12 seconds, we decided to implant a pacemaker, which is the only therapeutic option established in the literature for patients with SAdRS. ( info)

5/5. Rapid eye movement sleep parasomnias.

    The recognition of RBD has shed additional scientific light on the "bumps in the night"; expanded knowledge of states of being and state dissociation; opened up new areas of research on brain and mind dysfunction during sleep; expanded knowledge of various neurologic disorders, particularly narcolepsy and parkinsonism; and reaffirmed the vital link between basic research and clinical medicine. Moreover, the safe and effective treatment of RBD with clonazepam is especially gratifying. ( info)

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