Cases reported "Radiculopathy"

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1/291. chiropractic rehabilitation of a patient with S1 radiculopathy associated with a large lumbar disk herniation.

    OBJECTIVE: To describe the nonsurgical treatment of acute S1 radiculopathy from a large (12 x 12 x 13 mm) L5-S1 disk herniation. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 31-year-old man presented with severe lower back pain and pain, paresthesia, and plantar flexion weakness of the left leg. His symptoms began 5 days before the initial visit and progressed despite nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and analgesic medication. An absent left Achilles reflex, left S1 dermatome hypesthesia, and left gastrocnemius/soleus weakness was noted. magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a large L5-S1 disk herniation. INTERVENTION AND OUTCOME: Initial treatment of this patient included McKenzie protocol press-ups to reduce and centralize symptoms, nonloading exercise for cardiovascular fitness, and lower leg isotonic exercises to prevent atrophy. counseling was provided to reduce abnormal illness behavior risk. Later, flexion distraction and side-posture manipulation were provided to improve joint function. Sensory motor training, trunk stabilization exercises, and trigger point therapy were also used. He returned to modified work 27 days after symptom onset. A follow-up, comparative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study was unchanged. He was discharged as symptomatic (zero rating on both the Oswestry and numerical pain scales) after 50 days and 20 visits, although the left S1 reflex remained absent. Reassessment 169 days later revealed neither significant symptoms nor lifestyle restrictions. CONCLUSION: This case demonstrates the potential benefit of a chiropractic rehabilitation strategy by use of multimodal therapy for lumbar radiculopathy associated with disk herniation. ( info)

2/291. Radicular pain can be a symptom of elevated intracranial pressure.

    We report two patients with leptomeningeal metastatic disease, one from breast cancer and the other from a spinal cord glioma, who developed episodic elevated intracranial pressure (ICP), each episode accompanied by the gradual onset of severe spine and radicular pain. Symptoms of pain promptly and completely resolved with opening of the on-off valve of each patient's ventriculoperitoneal shunt. It is theorized that the patients' radicular pain was caused by nerve root ischemia secondary to elevated ICP. ( info)

3/291. Use of cervical spine manipulation under anesthesia for management of cervical disk herniation, cervical radiculopathy, and associated cervicogenic headache syndrome.

    OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the benefits of cervical spine manipulation with the patient under anesthesia as an approach to treating a patient with chronic cervical disk herniation, associated cervical radiculopathy, and cervicogenic headache syndrome. CLINICAL FEATURES: The patient had neck pain with radiating paresthesia into the right upper extremity and incapacitating headaches and had no response to 6 months of conservative therapy. Treatment included spinal manipulative therapy, physical therapy, anti-inflammatory medication, and acupuncture. magnetic resonance imaging, electromyography, and somatosensory evoked potential examination all revealed positive diagnostic findings. INTERVENTION AND OUTCOME: Treatment included 3 successive days of cervical spine manipulation with the patient under anesthesia. The patient had immediate relief after the first procedure. Her neck and arm pain were reported to be 50% better after the first trial, and her headaches were better by 80% after the third trial. Four months after the last procedure the patient reported a 95% improvement in her overall condition. CONCLUSION: Cervical spine manipulation with the patient under anesthesia has a place in the chiropractic arena. It is a useful tool for treating chronic discopathic disease complicated by cervical radiculopathy and cervicogenic headache syndrome. The beneficial results of this procedure are contingent on careful patient selection and proper training of qualified chiropractic physicians. ( info)

4/291. Radiculomyelitis following acute haemorrhagic conjunctivitis.

    The clinical manifestations and natural history of radiculomyelitis following a newly reported disease--acute haemorrhagic conjunctivitis (AHC)--have been studied in 33 patients in taiwan, and the following observations made: All the patients in this series were adults at ages ranging from 21 to 55 years; the salient initial neurological manifestations were radicular pains and acute flaccid paralysis which developed from five to thirty-seven days after the onset of AHC. In some patients, signs and symptoms indicating involvement of the meninges, cranial nerves and the white matter of the cord were observed; motor paralysis was the most striking feature during the whole clinical course; it consisted of flaccid asymmetrical weakness in one or more limbs, usually being more severe in the lower limbs than in the upper, and often more proximal than distal. Atrophy in the severely affected muscles usually became apparent in the second or third week of the weakness; the prognosis regarding the return of function in the affected muscles was dependent on the severity of the involvement. Permanent incapacitation due to paralysis and muscular atrophy in the affected proximal muscles of lower limbs was the main sequel in severe cases. The pattern and prognosis of flaccid motor paralysis were reminiscent of acute poliomyelitis in which the anterior horn cells of the spinal cord are mainly involved. Pleocytosis ranging from 11 to 270 per mm3 was noted in the majority of the patients when the cerebrospinal fluid was examined within the first three weeks from the onset of neurological symptoms; the total protein level was raised invariably from the second week onwards in all specimens, and remained so throughout the subsequent course as long as the seventh week or later. Tissue culture neutralization tests were performed on the sera from 9 patients; significant rises in the antibody titres (greater than or equal to 1:16) to AHC virus antigens were found in 8 cases, and in 2 of them a fourfold rise in the paired sera was noted. The differentiation of this syndrome from poliomyelitis and from guillain-barre syndrome, the relative freedom of children from neurological complications of AHC and the aetiological relationship of AHC virus to the syndrome have been discussed. It is concluded that this unusual neurological syndrome is caused by the neurovirulent properties of the AHC virus. ( info)

5/291. Spontaneous chronic spinal epidural hematoma of the lumbar spine.

    We report an exceptional description of a spontaneous chronic spinal epidural hematoma presenting as lumbar radiculitis. The computed tomographic, magnetic resonance imaging, and intraoperative findings are presented. We discuss anatomical and pathophysiological considerations that could lead to such a condition. We estimate that spontaneous spinal epidural hematomas located in the ventral space are in fact premembranous or posterior longitudinal ligament hematomas. ( info)

6/291. Multilevel vertebral body replacement with a titanium mesh spacer for aneurysmal bone cyst: technical note.

    A 64-year-old male presented with abrupt tetraparesis caused by a minor impact. Diagnostic images obtained on admission showed an aneurysmal bone cyst visible in the cervical spine at the fourth to upper sixth level, although the patient had been wearing a halo brace to diminish the symptoms. The vertebral body from the fourth to the sixth level was dissected, and this space was packed with a titanium cage filled with ceramic bone fragments mixed with fibrin glue. The combination of a titanium cage and an anterior locking plate can be made easily for anterior spinal fusion with enough rigidity to maintain the necessary space during fusion without any major support equipment. Both edges of the titanium mesh cage cut into the vertebral body to hold the cage in place. The other part, the titanium plate, makes it secure until ceramic bone fragments in the cage promote bony ingrowth for fusion. ( info)

7/291. S-1 radiculopathy as a possible predisposing factor in focal myositis with unilateral hypertrophy of the calf muscles.

    Associated with chronic S-1 radiculopathy, a 44-year-old man developed unilateral hypertrophy of the calf muscles. electromyography revealed neurogenic alterations in the corresponding limb compatible with S-1 radiculopathy. In addition, MR-tomographic and bioptic findings were consistent with a focal inflammatory myopathy of the enlarged right gastrocnemius muscle. Predisposing factors for the localisation of a focal myositis are unknown. This case report highlights the diagnostic difficulties in distinguishing focal myositis and denervation hypertrophy following S-1 radiculopathy or secondary inflammation related to denervation. We consider the possibility that in our case the inflammatory process might have been triggered by electromyographically proven chronic denervation related to radiculopathy. ( info)

8/291. Migrated disc in the lumbar spinal canal--case report.

    A 49-year-old man who had complained of back pain for 20 years presented with numbness and pain in his left leg persisting for 6 weeks. magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a peripherally enhanced intraspinal mass at the L-3 level. The mass was completely removed. The operative and histological findings revealed degenerated disc fragments surrounded by granulation tissue. His symptoms were completely relieved. Migrated disc should be included in the differential diagnosis of patients with a long history of back pain and an intraspinal mass. ( info)

9/291. Acute postoperative aggravation of radiculopathy as a complication of free fat transplantation in lumbar disc surgery: case report.

    This case report illustrates a rare case of motor weakness caused by a free fat graft herniation. A 40-year-old woman who had undergone surgery for a herniated lumbar intervertebral disc experienced right lower leg weakness. On magnetic resonance image (MRI) a herniated free fat graft was noted. An emergent operation was performed and the herniated fat graft was removed. Postoperatively, the patient recovered well with improvement of the motor weakness. MRI is a good method for diagnosis of fat graft herniation. The mechanisms of this complication have been documented, and the size of the fat graft plays an important role. The methods for prevention of this herniation are also discussed. Although the transplantation of adipose tissue has many advantages, including the prevention of postoperative epidural fibrosis, great care is needed when applying a fat graft intra-operatively. When a postoperative neurologic deficit develops, herniation of the fat graft must be considered. An emergent operation is the treatment of choice for this particular complication. ( info)

10/291. Lumbar disc herniation in a 27-month-old child. Case report.

    The occurrence of disc herniation is rare in children. A 27-month-old child fell from his cradle and developed, in the following 2 weeks, irritability, low-back pain, and difficulty in walking. On physical examination a compensatory gait, paravertebral muscle spasm, and a restricted right straight-leg raising test were demonstrated. Plain x-ray films revealed a narrowed L4-5 intervertebral space. magnetic resonance imaging of the lumbosacral spine demonstrated decreased signal in the L4-5 disc, with posterior disc protrusion. At surgery, blood infiltrating the subperiosteal plane was observed. Via a left hemilaminectomy and under microscopic magnification, the left L-5 nerve root was found to be intact, and on the right side significant nerve root compression was identified. During dissection an accidental dural tear occurred. A right L-4 hemilaminectomy was performed, and the disc fragments were removed until a complete nerve root decompression was obtained and the dura was repaired. The child recovered uneventfully and was asymptomatic 7 years postsurgery. This child is one of the youngest patients with a herniated disc reported in the world literature. The authors discuss the diagnostic difficulties and management of this entity in children. ( info)
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