Cases reported "Radiodermatitis"

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1/94. Chronic radiodermatitis following cardiac catheterisation: a report of two cases and a brief review of the literature.

    Cardiac angiography produces one of the highest radiation exposures of any commonly used diagnostic x ray procedure. Recently, serious radiation induced skin injuries have been reported after repeated therapeutic interventional procedures using prolonged fluoroscopic imaging. Two male patients, aged 62 and 71 years, in whom chronic radiodermatitis developed one to two years after two consecutive cardiac catheterisation procedures are reported. Both patients had undergone lengthy procedures using prolonged fluoroscopic guidance in a limited number of projections. The resulting skin lesions were preceded, in one case, by an acute erythema and took the form of a delayed pigmented telangiectatic, indurated, or ulcerated plaque in the upper back or below the axilla whose site corresponded to the location of the x ray tube during cardiac catheterisation. Cutaneous side effects of radiation exposure result from direct damage to the irradiated tissue and have known thresholds. The diagnosis of radiation induced skin injury relies essentially on clinical and histopathological findings, location of skin lesions, and careful medical history. Interventional cardiologists should be aware of this complication, because chronic radiodermatitis may result in painful and resistant ulceration and eventually in squamous cell carcinoma.
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2/94. Increased dermal angiogenesis after low-intensity laser therapy for a chronic radiation ulcer determined by a video measuring system.

    Acute and chronic radiation-induced dermatitis can occur after high doses of ionizing radiation of the skin. We describe a patient with a long-lasting radiotherapy-induced ulcer that healed after low-intensity laser therapy. A video measuring system was used to determine the number of dermal vessels in the ulcer before and after laser treatment. We found a statistically significant increase in the number of dermal vessels after low-intensity laser therapy in both the central and marginal parts of the ulcer compared with its pretreatment status.
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3/94. Chronic radiodermatitis following repeated percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty.

    We review three patients who developed chronic radiodermatitis subsequent to undergoing multiple percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasties (PTCAs). All patients had had chronic ischaemic heart disease (IHD) and had undergone lengthy PTCA on several occasions. The skin eruption was characterized by an atrophic rectangular plaque on the left upper back, presenting as mottled hyper- and hypopigmentation with reticulate telangiectasia. Histologically, the eruption demonstrated epidermal atrophy, hyalinized and irregularly stained collagen, and telangiectasia of superficial vessels in the dermis. Although the risk of radiation injury in most patients undergoing cardiac catheterization is low, this danger should not be ignored. In particular, patients with long-standing IHD and numerous repeated catheterizations to only one or two occluded coronary arteries should be considered at high risk.
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4/94. Fluoroscopic-induced radiation dermatitis.

    A case of radiation dermatitis following fluoroscopy is described. radiation dermatitis occurs rarely after fluoroscopic procedures and may pose a diagnostic challenge. Many patients do not consider fluoroscopy to be a source of radiation exposure, and clinicians may be confused by its unusual presentation.
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5/94. Severe skin reactions from interventional fluoroscopy: case report and review of the literature.

    Some patients with certain preexisting health conditions may be at elevated risk for unusually intense radiation-induced skin reactions and late tissue damage from high-dose interventional procedures. The authors present a case report of a patient with mixed connective tissue disease and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus who developed an unusual complication after placement of a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt. On the basis of a review of the literature, the following experiences may help identify patients at increased risk: previous high-dose procedures, connective tissue disease, diabetes mellitus, and homozygosity for ataxia telangiectasia.
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6/94. radiation recall dermatitis induced by methotrexate in a patient with Hodgkin's disease.

    radiation recall dermatitis refers to an inflammatory skin reaction at a previously irradiated field subsequent to chemotherapy administration. A number of antineoplastic agents have been reported to cause this phenomenon. We observed radiation recall dermatitis in a patient with stage IV nodular sclerosing Hodgkin's disease after methotrexate therapy for acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis. The patient had previously undergone matched related bone marrow transplantation with busulfan and cyclophosphamide as a preparative regimen. Subsequently, she received cyclosporine and methotrexate for acute GVHD prophylaxis. Two areas of skin previously irradiated to 3,000 cGy developed radiation recall dermatitis after two doses of methotrexate given 2 days apart and exacerbated by the third and fourth doses. This reaction occurred 34 days after the last dose of radiation therapy (RT). We believe this is the first case of radiation recall dermatitis after methotrexate therapy. Given the increased use of methotrexate in several neoadjuvant and adjuvant protocols in association with RT, its potential to produce radiation recall reactions should be considered.
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7/94. Crux medicorum ulcerated radiation-induced fibrosis - successful therapy with pentoxifylline and vitamin e.

    Case report of a 60 year-old patient with an ulcerated radiation-induced fibrosis after therapy for breast cancer. Treatment with oral administration of pentoxifylline 3 x 400 mg/day and vitamin e 2 x 200 mg/day was started. The ulcers were almost completely healed after 18 months. Sonographic examination showed a reduction in dermal thickness and in the laser Doppler fluxmetry, a regulation in the amplitude and increase in flux was found compared to the measurements made before the start of treatment. The therapy was very well tolerated without any side effects. The treatment of radiation-induced fibrosis with PTX and vitamin e is a practicable and cost-effective regimen, especially for inoperable patients. The efficacy of this treatment is probably due to a combination of blood flow stimulation and immune modulation which lead to a reduction in the fibrosis.
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ranking = 1.5
keywords = radiation
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8/94. Photodynamic therapy for in situ squamous cell carcinoma on chronic radiation dermatitis after photosensitization with 5-aminolaevulinic acid.

    The accessibility of the skin to light treatment, as well as the developments made by dermatologists in photodynamic therapy (PDT), creates an exciting apportunity to include it as a part of our standard therapeutic armamentarium. We report a 63-year-old man with an in situ squamous cell carcinoma located on a chronic radiodermitis area in a finger, treated successfully with PDT. PDT appears to be a viable alternative to conventional therapy for in situ squamous cell carcinoma as well as for other superficial tumours of the skin.
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9/94. interferon-gamma in 5 patients with cutaneous radiation syndrome after radiation therapy.

    BACKGROUND: Irradiation can cause acute inflammatory responses as well as chronic fibrotic alterations of the skin. Cutaneous radiation fibrosis evokes a complex of therapeutic problems. However, therapeutic options, apart from surgical approaches, are limited. patients AND methods: Five female patients suffering from severe cutaneous fibrosis were treated with interferon-gamma on a low-dose regimen, 3 x 100 microg/week subcutaneously for 6 months, then once per week for another 6 months. In 4 patients, skin thickness was measured with high-frequency (20 MHz) ultrasound in a clinically well-defined target skin lesion. In 1 patient, nuclear magnetic resonance imaging was performed to quantify the extent of cutaneous radiation fibrosis and to monitor the therapeutic outcome. RESULTS: All patients suffered from radiation-induced cutaneous fibrosis. Additionally, in 1 patient, a fistula, as assessed by lymph vessel scintigraphy, and in another patient a radiation ulcer was diagnosed. In all patients, reduction of radiation-induced fibrosis could be documented. Both fistula and radiation ulcer regressed completely under interferon-gamma therapy. CONCLUSION: Low-dose interferon-gamma therapy is a new and effective treatment modality for cutaneous radiation fibrosis caused by radiation therapy. The positive impact of interferon-gamma on our patients warrants randomized double-blind trials on therapy of radiation fibrosis.
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ranking = 4.5
keywords = radiation
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10/94. radon seed implants. Residual radioactivity after 33 years.

    radon seeds, formerly used for vascular and neoplastic tumors, acne, and other dermatological disorders, are rarely, if ever, used today. Because the half-life of radon is 3.83 days, these hollow gold seeds filled with radon gas are usually left in situ permanently. A case is reported of a woman who had seeds implanted 33 years ago for a vascular lesion. The seeds were removed and found to have minute amounts of residual radiation but not sufficient to cause radiation damage. Since seeds are foreign bodies, removal is recommended if they are easily accessible.
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