Cases reported "Radius Fractures"

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1/231. Simultaneous bilateral elbow dislocation in an international gymnast.

    elbow dislocation is a rare injury in elite athletes. We report an unusual case of simultaneous bilateral elbow dislocations with a unilateral radial head fracture in an international female athlete competing on the asymmetrical bars. These injuries require prompt reduction and immediate mobilisation if an abrupt end to a promising career is to be prevented.
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ranking = 1
keywords = injury
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2/231. Wire-loop fixation of volar displaced osteochondral fractures of the distal radius.

    We describe the technique of wire-loop fixation to treat 4 young men with a unique variant of Melone's type 4 articular fracture of the volar lunate facet, characterized by a displaced rotated articular fragment supported by a limited amount of subchondral bone. This is an unusual injury that threatens the integrity of both the radiocarpal and distal radioulnar joints. It is the result of a compressive force to the wrist and may require trispiral computed tomography for delineation. Open reduction and internal fixation is recommended to maintain stability and articular congruity. The displaced volar-articular fragment, however, may be relatively small; therefore, direct manipulation could lead to soft tissue stripping and osteonecrosis. We have found the technique of wire-loop fixation to be a simple, reproducible, and effective alternative method of internal fixation for these difficult fractures. Malunion, nonunion, loss of fixation, tendon rupture, infection, arthrosis, or pain caused by hardware has not occurred. Use of this technique is not recommended in patients with osteoporotic bone.
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ranking = 1
keywords = injury
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3/231. Posterior interosseous nerve palsy following placement of the compass elbow hinge for acute instability: a case report.

    We describe a case of posterior interosseous nerve palsy that developed after application of a hinged elbow external fixation device. Our hypothesis that forearm pronation during ulnar half pin insertion may have been causative is supported by anatomic findings noted during subsequent cadaveric dissection. Based on our observations we recommend that the ulnar half pins required with this device be inserted with the forearm in supination.
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ranking = 87.16373301065
keywords = forearm
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4/231. Tardy displacement of traumatic radial head dislocation in childhood.

    The diagnosis of traumatic dislocation of the radial head, either isolated or as part of a Monteggia fracture-dislocation, was delayed in 10 of the 110 children treated with these injuries during the study period. In eight children, the dislocation was overlooked on the initial radiographs. In two children, the radial head was reduced on the initial elbow radiographs, but it was dislocated 10 days later in one child and 21 days later in the other. The most likely explanation is that the radial head dislocated at the time of impact, spontaneously reduced by the time the first radiographs were obtained, and redislocated while the arm was in a cast. We conclude that radiographic assessments of the radiocapitellar joint, by using the radiocapitellar line, are required in children with elbow and forearm injuries at presentation and when the cast is removed.
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ranking = 43.581866505325
keywords = forearm
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5/231. Palmar lunate trans-scaphoid, trans-triquetral fracture-dislocation.

    A palmar lunate dislocation associated with fractures of the scaphoid and triquetrum and an avulsion fracture of the radial styloid is described. The injury resulted from a high energy dorsiflexion/axial compression force. Open reduction of the dislocated lunate and internal fixation of the scaphoid were done as an emergency procedure. A second operation was required to internally fix the displaced triquetral fracture and reduce the lunotriquetral dissociation. A good result was documented at 6 months.
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ranking = 1
keywords = injury
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6/231. Congenital pseudarthrosis of the forearm treated by free vascularized fibular graft: a report of three cases and a review of the literature.

    Congenital pseudarthrosis of the forearm is a rare condition; approximately 60 cases have been reported in the English literature. We report 3 patients treated by wide excision of the pseudarthrosis and free vascularized fibular grafting. The pseudarthrosis involved the radius in 1 patient and the ulna in 2. Neurofibromatosis was present in 2 patients. The technical problems encountered during the procedures included preservation of the distal epiphysis and attaining stable fixation of the fibular graft without damaging its vascular supply. A review of 15 previously reported patients treated by free vascularized fibular grafting showed that this procedure is excellent in the treatment of congenital pseudarthrosis of the forearm and that the result is consistently reproducible.
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ranking = 261.49119903195
keywords = forearm
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7/231. Transcranial doppler detection of fat emboli.

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The fat embolism syndrome (FES) is characterized by the simultaneous occurrence of pulmonary and neurological symptoms as well as skin and mucosal petechiae in the setting of long-bone fractures or their surgical repair. Its pathophysiology is poorly understood, and effective treatments are lacking. We present 5 patients with long-bone fractures in whom in vivo microembolism was detected by transcranial Doppler. methods: Five patients with long-bone fractures were monitored with transcranial Doppler for microembolic signals (MESs) after trauma. Two patients also had intraoperative monitoring. A TC-2020 instrument equipped with MES detection software was used. Detected signals were saved for subsequent review. Selected signals satisfied criteria defined previously and were categorized as large or small. RESULTS: Cerebral microembolism was detected in all 5 patients and was transient, resolving within 4 days of injury. Intraoperative monitoring revealed an increase in MESs during intramedullary nail insertion. The characteristics of MESs after injury varied among patients, with large signals being more frequent in the only patient with a patent foramen ovale. CONCLUSIONS: Cerebral microembolism after long-bone fractures can be detected in vivo and monitored over time. These findings may have potential diagnostic and therapeutic implications.
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ranking = 2
keywords = injury
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8/231. Salvage of failed resection of the distal ulna. Case report.

    A 45-year-old woman completely lost the ability of active supination of the forearm after a Darrach resection for malunited fracture of the distal radius. A three-component reconstruction was performed to stabilise the distal stump of the ulna and prevent convergence between the two forearm bones. The procedure combined advancement lengthening osteotomy of the ulna, longitudinal intramedullary tenodesis of the extensor carpi ulnaris tendon, and dorsal transfer of the pronator quadratus through the interosseous space. Four months after the salvage procedure she again had full active supination of the forearm and she returned to work two months later.
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ranking = 130.74559951598
keywords = forearm
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9/231. Tardy ulnar tunnel syndrome caused by Galeazzi fracture-dislocation: a neuropathy with a new pathomechanism.

    We present a case of late-onset ulnar tunnel syndrome following a Colles fracture. The nerve palsy was caused by a vascular branch that stretched over the ulnar head, compressing the nerve and generating friction against the ulnar head when the forearm was rotated. This is the first report of such a pathomechanism.
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ranking = 43.581866505325
keywords = forearm
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10/231. Entrapment of the median nerve in a greenstick forearm fracture. A case report and review of the literature.

    We report a case of low median nerve palsy occurring as a complication of a closed both-bone forearm fracture in a child. Following delayed diagnosis, surgical exploration was performed and it was observed that the median nerve was entrapped in the callus of the radius fracture.
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ranking = 217.90933252663
keywords = forearm
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