Cases reported "Radius Fractures"

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1/60. Sideswipe elbow fractures.

    A retrospective review of all cases of sideswipe elbow fractures (SSEFs) treated at two community hospitals from 1982 to 1992 was conducted to determine the functional outcome of the operative treatment of SSEFs. All five injuries involved the left elbow, and they included open fractures of the olecranon, the radius and ulna, the ulna and humerus, the humerus, and traumatic amputation of the arm. Concomitant injuries included three radial nerve palsies and two injuries each to the median nerve, ulnar nerve, and brachial artery. Treatment included irrigation, debridement (repeated if necessary), open reduction and internal fixation, external fixation (one case), and delayed amputation (one case). An average of 130/-10 degrees elbow flexion/extension, and 60/60 degrees supination/pronation was obtained for the three of four patients with reconstructions who returned for follow-up.
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2/60. Posterior interosseous nerve palsy following placement of the compass elbow hinge for acute instability: a case report.

    We describe a case of posterior interosseous nerve palsy that developed after application of a hinged elbow external fixation device. Our hypothesis that forearm pronation during ulnar half pin insertion may have been causative is supported by anatomic findings noted during subsequent cadaveric dissection. Based on our observations we recommend that the ulnar half pins required with this device be inserted with the forearm in supination.
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3/60. Tardy ulnar tunnel syndrome caused by Galeazzi fracture-dislocation: a neuropathy with a new pathomechanism.

    We present a case of late-onset ulnar tunnel syndrome following a Colles fracture. The nerve palsy was caused by a vascular branch that stretched over the ulnar head, compressing the nerve and generating friction against the ulnar head when the forearm was rotated. This is the first report of such a pathomechanism.
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4/60. Entrapment of the median nerve in a greenstick forearm fracture. A case report and review of the literature.

    We report a case of low median nerve palsy occurring as a complication of a closed both-bone forearm fracture in a child. Following delayed diagnosis, surgical exploration was performed and it was observed that the median nerve was entrapped in the callus of the radius fracture.
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5/60. median nerve compression associated with displaced Salter-Harris type II distal radial epiphyseal fracture.

    Three children with grossly displaced Salter-Harris Type II fractures of the distal radial epiphysis underwent immediate manipulation under anaesthetic (MUA) because of rapidly developing median nerve compression. In each case nerve function was quickly restored with no late neurological sequelae. We believe that in children who sustain this injury with signs of median nerve compression, immediate MUA without carpal tunnel release is acceptable initial management. Late exploration of the median nerve can be considered should a neurological deficit persist.
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6/60. Fracture of the distal part of the radius associated with severed ulnar nerve.

    We report a case of a severed ulnar nerve after fracture of the distal part of the radius. The most likely hypothesis is stretching of the ulnar nerve fixed by Guyon's canal and severed on the sharp edge of the proximal radius. Although very rare, this lesion must be investigated particularly in cases with marked displacement, especially ulnar and/or volar.
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7/60. brachial artery injury in closed posterior elbow dislocation case report.

    The authors describe a case with a closed posterior elbow dislocation associated with a distal radial fracture and complete transsection of the brachial artery. The patient had a pulseless distal upper extremity and immediate gross swelling of the elbow and forearm. As closed reduction was not possible, open reduction had to be performed through an anteromedial approach to the elbow. End-to-end suture of the brachial artery was successful. After fasciotomy and internal fixation of the distal radial fracture, the elbow was stabilized with an external fixator spanning the elbow joint. After two years, despite good function of the elbow, restoration of the hand function is not optimal owing to persistent motor deficit of the ulnar nerve.
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8/60. Secondary ulnar nerve palsy in adults after elbow trauma: a report of two cases.

    Secondary ulnar nerve palsy, an unusual condition in which the onset of ulnar nerve dysfunction occurs 1 to 3 months after elbow trauma, can be the cause of sudden deterioration of elbow function. Initially recognized in 1899, this condition has not been reported often. We describe 2 patients who had no subjective or objective evidence of ulnar nerve dysfunction after elbow trauma but had a sudden loss of motion, pain, and clinical and electrophysiologic evidence of ulnar nerve compression at the elbow 4 to 5 weeks after trauma. Marked improvement occurred after ulnar nerve subcutaneous transposition and contracture release.
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9/60. Ulnar bursa distention following volar subluxation of the distal radioulnar joint after distal radial fracture: a rare cause of carpal tunnel syndrome.

    This report describes an eighty-four-year-old woman with persistent carpal tunnel syndrome attributable to an ulnar bursa distention associated with the subluxation of the distal radioulnar joint after distal radial fracture. During surgery, when the forearm was placed in supination, the ulna head with a sharp osteophyte was found to be displaced into the carpal tunnel through a defect of the ruptured capsule of the wrist joint. This volar subluxation of the ulnar head had caused distention of the ulnar bursa, causing compression of the median nerve, which resulted in carpal tunnel syndrome. In addition to reduce displaced fractured segment to obtain anatomic articular surface, original radial length and tilt, the anatomic restoration of the distal radioulnar joint is essential to maintain better long-term function after fracture of the distal radius.
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10/60. Entrapment and transection of the median nerve associated with minimally displaced fractures of the forearm: case report and review of the literature.

    Complete transection of the median nerve associated with minimally displaced fractures of forearm bones is described in a 20-year-old woman. An end-to-end epineural repair was performed. There was good sensory and motor recovery of the median nerve in the hand.
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