Cases reported "Recurrence"

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1/11. Desmoid tumour. The risk of recurrent or new disease with subsequent pregnancy: a case report.

    Desmoid tumours are rare, benign tumours arising from fibrous tissue in muscle fascia or aponeurosis. They are most common in women of child-bearing age and most often appear during or after pregnancy in this age group. The recommended treatment is wide surgical excision, if possible, but unresectable tumours may be treated with radiotherapy, anticancer drugs, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents or antiestrogenic compounds. The recurrence rate is high and seems to be related to the achievement of resection margins free of tumour. The literature is not specific about how to counsel women who have had a desmoid tumour and subsequently wish to have a child. patients should be advised that these tumours may be estrogen sensitive but subsequent pregnancy is not necessarily a risk factor for recurrence or development of new disease.
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2/11. Successful treatment of multiple myeloma relapsing after high-dose therapy and autologous transplantation with thalidomide as a single agent.

    A 52-year-old dentist with kappa light chain multiple myeloma relapsed 6 months after 180 mg/m2 melphalan and an autograft. A partial remission had been attained after the autograft. Relapse occurred while he was on dexamethasone maintenance therapy. Chemotherapy was not an option due to low blood counts. thalidomide was administered at relatively high doses (escalated up to 700 mg daily and continued for 4 months). There was a prompt decline in urine protein from 6067 mg/day to 2177 mg/day within a month. The response continued to improve with achievement of near-complete remission within 6 months and a decline in urine protein to 413 mg/day. Subsequently, grade 3 neutropenia and peripheral neuropathy required dose reduction to 200 mg/day. disease activity parameters continued to improve on the lower dose of thalidomide. Nine months after starting thalidomide, the patient is in near-complete remission, enjoys an excellent quality of life, and has returned to work. We conclude that thalidomide can effectively control myeloma relapsing after high-dose chemotherapy, and may be especially useful in resistant cases or those unable to tolerate further chemotherapy. bone marrow transplantation (2000) 25, 1319-1320.
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3/11. clonal evolution of blasts in an elderly patient with CD56( ) relapsed acute promyelocytic leukemia.

    We describe an elderly patient with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), whose leukemic cells expressed CD56 antigen at relapse but not at diagnosis. Chromosome analysis revealed that blasts with t(8;15;17)(q24.1;q22;q11.2) increased from 4 of 20 cells (20%) at first relapse to 10 of 14 cells (71.4%) at second relapse. In addition, the positivity for CD56 expression on blasts judged by flow cytometric analysis using CD45 blast gating was also increased from 14.2% at first relapse to 75% at second relapse. Although conventional chemotherapy was performed for the initial disease and the first relapse, relapse developed again. Therefore, three courses of intensive postremission chemotherapy including concurrent administration of recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (rhG-CSF) with cytarabine were performed after achievement of complete remission (CR) by the treatment with all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA). Although PML-RARalpha mRNA was not detectable by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), a third relapse occurred. This case demonstrated clonal evolution from a CD56(-) to a CD56( ) blast population and provided further support for the suggestion that CD56 expression might be an unfavorable prognostic factor in t(15;17) APL.
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4/11. Acute promyelocytic leukemia: a case-based review.

    Retinoid therapy for acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is one of the major achievements of leukemia research in the last 15 years. Use of all trans retinoic acid (ATRA) has changed the prognosis of APL from a fatal leukemia to a highly curable disease. This case-based review examines the available clinical and scientific data to form evidence-based decisions in the management of APL. The main aim of this review is to highlight recent progress made in the management of APL and address the role of maintenance therapy, prognostic factors for relapse and treatment of relapsed disease.
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5/11. Late relapse of acute promyelocytic leukemia treated with all- trans retinoic acid and chemotherapy: report of two cases.

    Two patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) relapsed at 111 and 84 months after achievement of complete remission (CR) induced by a combination of all- trans retinoic acid and chemotherapy. In both patients molecular remission, obtained after consolidation, had been confirmed at 60 months from CR achievement. At relapse, morphological, immunophenotypic, cytogenetic, and molecular analyses showed findings identical to those at diagnosis. Hematological and molecular remission was induced with the identical treatment applied at diagnosis. We conclude that, although infrequently, patients with APL treated with modern combination therapy can experience very late relapse and can be rescued with treatment similar to that administered at diagnosis.
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6/11. Hypnotherapeutic intervention for voice disorders related to recurring juvenile laryngeal papillomatosis.

    Recurring juvenile laryngeal papillomatosis is resistant to cure, and thus usually requires multiple operations which may lead to the extensive proliferation of vocal fold scar tissue. Severe hoarseness, sharply lower pitch, and weak loudness levels are common sequelae. Adjunctive hypnotherapy can increase motivation for change, speed up the acquisition of vocal skills, and possibly even facilitate or sustain remission of growths in selected patients. An 8-year-old girl with severe active eruptions went into remission after 16 sessions, and a 12-year-old boy, already in remission at the beginning of the intervention period, remained free of neoplasms throughout the regimen. Whether or not hypnosis contributed significantly to the sanguine results, it is probable that, at the least, the hypnotic intervention facilitated the achievement of certain technical objectives in voice therapy.
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7/11. culture and social class as intervening variables in relapse prevention with chemically dependent women.

    Craving and relapse are complex, poorly understood phenomena. A distinctive and baffling characteristic of the disease of chemical dependency is the continuing impulse to use alcohol and/or other drugs, even after lengthy periods of sobriety. This article discusses relapse prevention, focusing on public-sector chemically dependent women. Relapse among these women must be seen in the total context of their lives. poverty and social disorganization do not directly cause relapse, but problems related to daily life under such conditions represent significant risk factors. The Eagleville Hospital treatment model and relapse prevention programs are described, and it is noted that public-sector women typically present with problems related to being raised in addicted households, residing in drug-saturated inner-city environments, deficits in child-rearing skills, destructive (often abusive) relationships with men, social interactions involving other substance abusers, few (if any) work skills, minimal educational achievement, low self-esteem, and poor self-image. A case study illustrates the course of treatment and relapse prevention efforts with a typical public-sector chemically dependent woman.
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8/11. Differential diagnosis and treatment planning for the adult nonsurgical orthodontic patient.

    Increasing numbers of adult patients are seeking orthodontic care and some, despite significant skeletal malocclusions, elect not to have combined orthodontic-surgical treatment. The purpose of this article is to outline some of the diagnostic and therapeutic principles that can be used in the adult nonsurgical orthodontic patient. The importance of realistic goal setting in the face of compromised occlusions is emphasized. diagnosis should include evaluation of all three dimensions and recognize the limitations of therapy in each dimension for the nongrowing patient. Periodontal considerations, extraction decisions, and retention regimens are of vital importance to the achievement and maintenance of an optimum result. Clinical records will demonstrate four commonly seen problems and their resolution.
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9/11. Psychogenic relapses in childhood epilepsy in puberty and adolescence.

    Epileptic patients who, after years of being free from symptoms, have relapses during puberty or adolescence (some-times coinciding with a reduction in therapy) pose special therapeutic and diagnostic problems. Because of pubertal lability, the cause of a relapse might seem to be "organic", especially if the EEG also shows a "deterioration", yet psychogenic factors must not be disregarded. On the basis of typical case studies, a characteristic constellation is presented. The achievement of a "well-behaved" child at first dramatically improves and this correlates with the success of antiepileptic therapy. Then individuation and further development cannot adequately take place because the family unit is not functioning properly. At a critical stage of development, the excessive expectations of the parents lead to too much stress on the child, thus destroying the balance within the family system, which has hitherto been maintained only with difficulty. Attempts to improve the situation by changing the medication (increasing the dose or switching to another drug) fail. If, however, it is realized that the symptoms are of psychogenic origin, adequate therapeutic interventions (e.g. adequate schooling or professional training as well as psychotherapy) promise good results.
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10/11. Combination of surgery with interventional radiology in the treatment of renovascular hypertension: a case report.

    A case of renovascular hypertension with bilateral renal artery involvement is reported: the combination of surgery and interventional radiology may allow achievement of satisfactory results even in cases difficult to diagnose and to handle; some pitfalls related to the delay in diagnosis and to inadequate control during follow-up are emphasized.
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