Cases reported "Recurrence"

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1/184. Eighteen fractures in a man with profound mental retardation.

    A 39-year-old man with generalized tonic clonic epilepsy and profound mental retardation sustained 18 fractures (15 in appendicular and 3 in axial bones) during 19 years. Both femoral necks were fractured, requiring surgical repair. Although he had been on antiepileptic drugs for 35 years, he had no radiographic or biochemical sign of osteomalacia. He had a very low bone mineral density, suggesting osteoporosis. This case illustrates an important medical problem affecting people with developmental disability and a management challenge for their caretakers.
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keywords = fracture
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2/184. Femoral fracture at the proximal end of an intramedullary supracondylar nail: a case report.

    Retrograde intramedullary supracondylar nails have been added to the orthopedic armamentarium for treatment of distal femoral fractures. Major complications of this new technique have not been noted. We report a case of a femoral fracture at the proximal end of a retrograde intramedullary supracondylar nail. We hypothesize that this complication may be due to the proximal end of the nail acting as a stress riser, with the cortical holes drilled for the interlocking screws compounding this effect.
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keywords = fracture
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3/184. Pseudogout attack associated with chronic thyroiditis and sjogren's syndrome.

    A 66-year-old woman, diagnosed with chronic thyroiditis at age 63, presented with anorexia and fatigue. Therapy for the chronic thyroiditis consisted of levothyroxine sodium (100 microg/day). Her symptoms were attributed to the insufficient supply of levothyroxine sodium. Following a dosage increase to 150 microg/day, she suffered from an acute attack of pseudogout. Clinical features were complicated by sjogren's syndrome, which appeared after treatment onset. Pseudogout was effectively treated by colchicine after administration of diclofenac sodium failed to alleviate the symptoms. Pseudogout is a recognized complication of thyroid replacement therapy, but association with sjogren's syndrome has not been previously reported.
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ranking = 0.0044750352091141
keywords = fatigue
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4/184. Unusual longitudinal stress fractures of the femoral diaphysis: report of five cases.

    We present five cases of a distinctive type of longitudinal stress fracture of the upper femoral shaft in which the fracture line is parallel to the outer surface of the bone, in contrast to the perpendicular orientation to the cortical surface in previously reported cases of diaphyseal stress fractures. In two cases the fracture recurred after 15 and 18 months, respectively.
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ranking = 1.4709207490803
keywords = fracture, stress fracture
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5/184. Managing chronic fatigue syndrome: overview and case study.

    1. The basic principles of envelope theory are explained. By not overexerting themselves, people with CFS can avoid the setbacks and relapses that commonly occur in response to overexertion while increasing their tolerance to activity. 2. By collecting time series data on fluctuations in energy levels, important clinical observations can be made in respect to a client's unique condition and experience with CFS.
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ranking = 0.017900140836456
keywords = fatigue
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6/184. ophthalmoplegic migraine and periodic migrainous neuralgia, migraine variants with ocular manifestations.

    The spectrum of migraine has been outlined with particular attention to two entities: ophthalmoplegic migraine and Periodic Migrainous neuralgia. Although quite different in many respects from classical migraine, the relationship of a periodic localized vascular phenomenon giving rise to headache and transient neurologic signs, classify PMN and OPGM as migraine variants. Supportive of this concept, the literature has been reviewed in both entities, and some observations are made on the validity of earlier reports. It is the author's opinion that Raeder's syndrome should be reserved for patients with a lesion localizing in the paratrigeminal area. This does not exclude migraine as an etiologic agent but also recognizes tumors, infections and fractures as being more common.
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keywords = fracture
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7/184. Takayasu's arteritis accompanied with massive pericardial effusion--a case report.

    A 40-year-old woman who had been treated for Takayasu's arteritis was admitted to the hospital with fever, fatigue, malaise, and severe chest pain. Computed tomography of the chest demonstrated massive pericardial effusion and bilateral pleural effusion. In laboratory data, the c-reactive protein was high at 22.0 mg/dL, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate was also high at 80 mm/hr. The diagnosis was pericarditis with a recurrence of the systemic inflammatory process of Takayasu's arteritis. The patient was treated with methylprednisolone pulse therapy. Her massive pericardial effusion disappeared without pericardiocentesis.
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ranking = 0.0044750352091141
keywords = fatigue
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8/184. Polycystic bone disease: A new, autosomal dominant disorder.

    We describe a new heritable bone disease characterized radiographically by increasingly numerous and enlarging cyst-like lesions throughout the skeleton. Beginning in early childhood, a father, son, and daughter all suffered from progressively frequent pathological fractures involving such radiolucencies. Healing occurred uneventfully and with little residual pain or deformity. Biochemical parameters of mineral homeostasis and skeletal turnover were normal. Bone scanning showed increased radioisotope uptake primarily in fractures and in the largest collections of the lesions. The histopathology is uncertain, but may reflect a form of intraosseous lipomatosis. This unique condition, which we have provisionally named polycystic bone disease, is inherited as an autosomal dominant trait with a high degree of penetrance.
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ranking = 0.33333333333333
keywords = fracture
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9/184. Differences between scar and dermal cultured fibroblasts derived from a patient with recurrent abdominal incision wound herniation.

    fibroblasts were derived from dermis and scar of a 47-year-old white man with a recurrent incisional hernia as a result of fractured ribs. The scar was thin and stretched, suggesting a defect in the maturation of granulation tissue. After surgical repair, biopsy specimens of discarded scar and skin were used to generate fibroblast cell lines. fibroblasts maintained in medium containing 10% fetal bovine serum and antibiotic were studied between their third and eighth passage. By phase contrast microscopy, no structural differences were obvious, but it was noted that to pass scar fibroblasts, a more aggressive trypsin regimen was required. Immunohistologic and Western blot analysis of patient scar fibroblasts showed (1) more a smooth muscle actin within stress fibers, (2) increased expression of the vitronectin integrin receptor alpha(v) (CD 51), and (3) reduced expression of the collagen integrin receptor alpha2 (CD 49b). The expression of vinculin from focal adhesions or a tubulin from microtubules was the same among cell lines. Contractions of scar and dermal fibroblast-populated collagen lattice were compared. At 24 hours, contractions were 69 percent with newborn fibroblasts (normal); 68 percent for patient dermal fibroblasts; and only 48 percent for patient scar fibroblasts. The retarded contraction of scar fibroblast-populated collagen lattice was significant (p > or = 0.002). Myosin ATPase activity, critical for lattice contraction, and cell migration were equivalent among all cell lines. A plausible mechanism for the retardation of scar lattice contraction is disruption of fibroblasts and collagen interactions, for which the attachment of cells to collagen is altered. It is proposed that either the decrease in the expression of collagen integrin receptor alpha2 (CD 49b), an increase in the expression of the vitronectin receptor alpha(v) (CD 51), or a combination of both is responsible for disruption of collagen fibroblast interactions.
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ranking = 0.16666666666667
keywords = fracture
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10/184. A case of severe chronic active infection with Epstein-Barr virus: immunologic deficiencies associated with a lytic virus strain.

    infectious mononucleosis (IM) is a self-limiting, lymphoproliferative disease induced by primary infection with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). infection with EBV leads in general to lifelong asymptomatic persistence of the virus. We report the case of a woman who acquired IM at the age of 15 years and then suffered from recurrent high fever, fatigue, and signs of immunologic disorder for more than 12 years until she died of liver failure. In an attempt to describe and to define the course of chronic active infection with EBV, we performed immunologic and molecular assays that demonstrated lytic replication of EBV in the B and T cells of the peripheral blood. In addition to signs of humoral and cellular immune deficiency, we detected an EBV strain with an impaired capability to immortalize B cells and a tendency to lytic replication, thus contributing to the pathogenesis of this chronic active infection.
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ranking = 0.0044750352091141
keywords = fatigue
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