Cases reported "Recurrence"

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1/11644. Gallstone pancreatitis with normal biliary radiology.

    Three patients with relapsing gallstone pancreatitis and normal routine biliary radiology are reported and discussed. It is emphasized that when dealing with recurrent pancreatitis for which no cause is evident, normal conventional biliary radiology (oral cholecystogram and intravenous cholangiogram) should not necessarily be accepted as conclusive. The use of endoscopic cholangiography in such a situation is encouraging.
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2/11644. Palliative sclerosis of intra-abdominal cystic ovarian or peritoneal carcinoma.

    Three patients with platinum- and paclitaxel-resistant predominantly cystic intra-abdominal recurrences of ovarian or peritoneal carcinoma were treated with CT-guided percutaneous catheter drainage and subsequent sclerosis. This relieved colonic or ureteral obstruction and provided significant relief from symptoms. In one case repeated sclerosis was performed. Sclerosis of cystic recurrences may provide additional palliation.
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3/11644. Late development of umbilical metastasis after laparoscopic cholecystectomy for a gallbladder carcinoma.

    A periumbilical mass developed 47 months after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Pathologic examination of this mass showed features of moderately differentiated papillary adenocarcinoma, similar to that identified within the previously removed early stage (pT1b) gallbladder carcinoma. The cause of this recurrence> at the laparoscope port is unclear. recurrence> after laparoscopic cholecystectomy for gallbladder carcinoma has not been reported previously. We reported a case with late periumbilical tumor seeding at the navel trocar insertion site in a 65-year-old female. A review of the preventative information of tumor recurrence and management is discussed. The use of gasless laparoscopy, slow desufflation, trocar site washout, wound protector and specimen bags are recommended.
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4/11644. fever of unknown origin due to inflammatory pseudotumour of lymph nodes.

    The clinical features of inflammatory pseudotumour of lymph nodes, a distinct non-malignant histopathological entity firstly described in 1988, are summarized based upon a detailed analysis of 4 personal cases and 47 cases reported in the literature. The mean age of the patients is 38 years (range 8 to 82 years) and there is no gender predilection. One third present with asymptomatic lymphadenopathy and 47% present with fever, nearly all meeting the criteria of fever of unknown origin. Abdominal complaints are occasionally present. Intermittence of symptoms is common. Hepatosplenomegaly is unusual. All lymph node areas may be involved but abnormalities are mostly confined to one or two anatomic regions. No extranodal involvement has been reported although inflammatory pseudotumour may occur in several organs with similar morphological features and identical signs of inflammations. Routine blood tests are normal except for signs of inflammation. The lesions are gallium-avid. diagnosis is based upon typical histopathological features. The prognosis is favorable and surgical resection frequently leads to cure. Spontaneous resolution of symptoms has been reported and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs may suppress the clinical manifestations.
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5/11644. magnesium deficiency in children with urolithiasis.

    In a group of 57 children with urolithiasis hypomagnesaemia was found in 15 cases (26.3%). All children but one with abnormally low serum magnesium levels had recurrent or bilateral nephrolithiasis or nephrocalcinosis. prevalence of hyperoxaluria and hypercalciuria, marked severity of the clinical features, abnormality of Ca metabolism and its responsiveness to MgO treatment were demonstrable in Mg deficiency.
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6/11644. Recurrent abdominal abscess secondary to a dropped laparoscopic clip: CT imaging.

    Since being introduced in 1987, laparoscopic cholecystectomy has quickly become the treatment of choice for symptomatic gallstone disease. Computed tomography is an excellent method to evaluate the laparoscopic patient in whom postoperative complication is suspected.
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7/11644. Late onset angiotensin-converting enzyme induced angioedema: case report and review of the literature.

    angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) such as enalapril, captopril, and lisinopril are well established as effective treatments of arterial hypertension and congestive heart failure. They are widely used and generally well tolerated. angioedema is a rare but serious adverse effect of ACEI therapy. Most frequently, edema involves the face, oral cavity, and the glossopharyngeal or glottic area. Visceral edema induced by ACEI has also occurred. life threatening and even fatal cases associated with ACEI have been reported. Although angioedema typically occurs within the first weeks of ACEI therapy, some cases with latencies of several months to years have been reported. This paper reports a case of late onset and recurrent angioedema in a patient treated with lisinopril for hypertension. A discussion of ACEI angioedema follows.
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8/11644. Recurring myocardial infarction in a 35 year old woman.

    A 35 year old woman presented with acute myocardial infarction without any of the usual risk factors: she had never smoked; she had normal blood pressure; she did not have diabetes; plasma concentrations of total cholesterol and high and low density lipoprotein cholesterol, fibrinogen, homocysteine, and Lp(a) lipoprotein were normal. She was not taking oral contraceptives or any other medication. coronary angiography showed occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery but no evidence of arteriosclerosis. Medical history disclosed a previous leg vein thrombosis with pulmonary embolism. Coagulation analysis revealed protein c deficiency. The recognition of protein c deficiency as a risk factor for myocardial infarction is important as anticoagulation prevents further thrombotic events, whereas inhibitors of platelet aggregation are ineffective.
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9/11644. Late graft rejection and second infusion of bone marrow in children with aplastic anaemia.

    Late graft rejection following allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) for aplastic anaemia is a significant clinical problem and is associated with a high risk of mortality. We report two children with severe aplastic anaemia (SAA) who developed very late graft rejection 2 years and 4 months and 10 years respectively after allogeneic BMT from HLA-identical siblings. Following a second BMT from their initial donors, engraftment has been sustained in both cases. The patients are alive with full donor chimaerism, 18 and 19 years from initial transplant. These cases illustrate that graft failure can be an extremely late event after allogeneic BMT for SAA, and that long-term sustained engraftment can be achieved in these patients with second BMT from the original donors.
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10/11644. Canine calcium oxalate urolithiasis. Case-based applications of therapeutic principles.

    The case study presented here illustrates the diagnosis and management of calcium oxalate urolithiasis in a Bichon Frise, a breed at increased risk for this type of stone. If the Bichon Frise had persistent hypercalcemia, we would have evaluated serum concentrations of ionized calcium, parathyroid hormone, and vitamin d to identify an underlying cause. Because his urine was alkaline, additional potassium citrate was not provided. Likewise, as a fortified diet was fed to him, vitamin B6 therapy was not considered. This case study illustrates the benefits of radiographic evaluation immediately following surgery and during follow-up examinations. If we had postponed radiographs until the patient developed clinical signs, additional surgical procedures may have been required.
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