Cases reported "Recurrence"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/323. A renal allograft recipient with late recurrence of focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis after switching from cyclosporine to tacrolimus.

    BACKGROUND: Focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is one of the most frequent and severe primary glomerulonephritis that recurs in transplanted kidneys. Although cyclosporine seems to have no effect on the frequency of FSGS recurrence, there is evidence that cyclosporine reduces proteinuria and prolongs graft survival in patients with recurrent glomerulonephritis after renal transplantation. The effect of tacrolimus on nephrotic syndrome after renal transplantation is controversial. methods: We describe the case of a 30-year-old man with steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome due to FSGS who developed nephrotic syndrome 5 years after renal transplantation due to recurrent disease when he was switched from cyclosporine to tacrolimus. RESULTS: He was given pulses of methylprednisolone and returned to cyclosporine. His proteinuria decreased, but he rapidly developed chronic renal failure. CONCLUSIONS: This observation strongly suggests that tacrolimus should be given with considerable care in renal transplant recipients with FSGS.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = frequency
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/323. Primary percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty performed for acute myocardial infarction in a patient with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura.

    A 72-year-old female with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) complained of severe chest pain. electrocardiography showed ST-segment depression and negative T wave in I, aVL and V4-6. Following a diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), urgent coronary angiography revealed 99% organic stenosis with delayed flow in the proximal segment and 50% in the middle segment of the left anterior descending artery (LAD). Subsequently, percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) for the stenosis in the proximal LAD was performed. In the coronary care unit, her blood pressure dropped. Hematomas around the puncture sites were observed and the platelet count was 28,000/mm3. After transfusion, electrocardiography revealed ST-segment elevation in I, aVL and V1-6. Urgent recatheterization disclosed total occlusion in the middle segment of the LAD. Subsequently, PTCA was performed successfully. Then, intravenous immunoglobulin increased the platelet count and the bleeding tendency disappeared. A case of AMI with ITP is rare. The present case suggests that primary PTCA can be a useful therapeutic strategy, but careful attention must be paid to hemostasis and to managing the platelet count.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.65888683858578
keywords = wave
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/323. Extramedullary tumors of myeloid blasts in adults as a pattern of relapse following allogeneic bone marrow transplantation.

    BACKGROUND: Extramedullary tumors of lymphoid and myeloid blasts outside the well-defined sanctuaries following allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (allo-BMT) are rare. Little is known about the biology, treatment, and outcome of these tumors in this setting. methods: In this retrospective analysis, 134 consecutive patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) who underwent allo-BMT at a single institution between 1990 and 1998 were reviewed. Five cases of isolated extramedullary myeloid sarcoma that occurred as patterns of recurrence following allo-BMT between 1990 and 1998 are reported. These patients were treated with radiotherapy, systemic chemotherapy, or a second allo-BMT. Clinical outcome is compared with posttransplantation bone marrow relapses observed during the same period at the same institution. The literature on the clinical characteristics, currently available treatment, and outcome of posttransplantation myeloid sarcoma patients was reviewed. RESULTS: Excluding isolated skin and central nervous system recurrences, the frequency of extramedullary myeloid sarcoma encountered as a relapse pattern following allo-BMT was determined to be 3.7% among patients with acute or chronic leukemia of myeloid origin. The survival of patients who were managed with radiotherapy and systemic chemotherapy was less than 4 months. A patient who underwent a second allo-BMT following local radiotherapy is alive and in complete remission more than 33 months after the diagnosis of myeloid sarcoma. The median survival of 17 patients with posttransplantation bone marrow relapse following allo-BMT was 2.2 months. When posttransplantation medullary recurrences are analyzed, patients with CML had a median survival of 12 months, with a significantly better 5-year survival rate than patients with AML (0 vs. 60%, P = 0.015; median survival, 12 months). CONCLUSIONS: The clinical outcomes of patients with recurrent isolated extramedullary myeloid sarcoma following allo-BMT are poor, as in any leukemic relapse, with the exception of patients with CML in this setting.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = frequency
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/323. Percutaneous chemolysis--an important tool in the treatment of urolithiasis.

    Persistent residual calculi after therapy, i.e. extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL), percutaneous nephrolitholapaxy (PNL), as well as pyelo- and nephrolithotomy are big problems in the treatment of urolithiasis. Furthermore, the therapy of stones is problematic in patients with inadequate drainage, impaired kidney function, or with high risks against anaesthetics. Between 1991 and 1997 percutaneous antegrade chemolysis was carried out in eleven patients. In nine of them complete dissolution of stones was achieved. In two further cases, in which calcium oxalate was the main component of the stones, chemolysis was unsuccessful. Through our own cases and under consideration of the literature, we will show that percutaneous chemolysis in these cases is useful and effective in the treatment of urolithiasis.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.65888683858578
keywords = wave
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/323. Radiofrequency catheter ablation of atrial flutter after orthotopic heart transplantation: insights into the redefined critical isthmus.

    We report a case of successful radiofrequency catheter ablation of recurrent atrial flutter in a heart transplant recipient and discuss technical aspects of the procedure. A counterclockwise flutter circuit was defined during endocardial mapping of the donor atrium. Termination of atrial flutter was achieved by creating lines of radiofrequency lesions from the tricuspid ring to the suture line between donor and recipient atria. Creation of bidirectional conduction block in the tricuspid ring-suture line isthmus resulted in abolition of atrial flutter.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 6
keywords = frequency
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/323. Rosai-Dorfman disease presenting as a pituitary tumour.

    A 45-year-old woman had pyrexia, headaches, collapse and hyponatraemia. Intracerebral abscess, bacterial meningitis and subarachnoid haemorrhage were excluded. She was given intravenous antibiotics and gradually recovered. One month later she was readmitted with diplopia, headache and vomiting. serum sodium was low (107 mmol/l) and a diagnosis of inappropriate ADH secretion was made. MRI scan showed a suprasellar tumour arising from the posterior pituitary gland. A skin rash gradually faded. serum cortisol, prolactin, gonadotrophins and thyroid hormone levels were low. A pituitary tumour was removed trans-sphenoidally, she had external pituitary radiotherapy, and replacement hydrocortisone and thyroxine. She was well for 12 months when she developed progressive weakness and numbness of both legs. Examination suggested spinal cord compression at the level of T2 where MRI scanning showed an intradural enhancing mass. This spinal tumour was removed and her neurological symptoms disappeared. Nine months after this she developed facial pain and nasal obstruction. CT scan showed tumour growth into the sphenoid sinus and nasal cavities. A right Cauldwell-Luc operation was done and residual tumour in the nasal passages was treated by fractionated external radiotherapy and Prednisolone. Histological examination of the specimens from pituitary, spinal mass, and nasal sinuses showed Rosai-Dorfman disease, a rare entity characterized by histiocytic proliferation, emperipolesis (lymphophagocytosis) and lymphadenopathy. aged 48 she developed cranial diabetes insipidus. Although Rosai-Dorfman syndrome is rare, it is being reported with increasing frequency, and should be borne in mind as a possible cause of a pituitary tumour.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = frequency
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/323. Percutaneous revascularization modalities in heart transplant recipients.

    Accelerated allograft vasculopathy significantly limits the survival of heart transplant recipients. The prevalence of allograft coronary artery disease is as high as 18% by 1 year and 50% by 5 years following heart transplant. heart failure and sudden cardiac death are the two most common clinical presentations. In heart transplant recipients with severe, discrete focal allograft vascular disease, percutaneous balloon angioplasty is a viable palliative option. However, its application is limited by a significant restenosis rate and progression of allograft disease in nontreated segments. Diffuse disease with tapering of vessels may be approached by debulking devices. Emerging revascularization modalities for focal stenoses and some of the diffuse tapering vessels include coronary stents, rotational atherectomy, various wavelength lasers, and, to a lesser extent, directional atherectomy. Conceivably, stents will reduce restenosis rates related to focal, discrete plaques; yet it is unknown whether they will be efficacious in short- and long-term treatment of diffusely diseased segments affected by allograft disease. Accurate assessment of clinical outcomes and long-term evaluation is imperative prior to acceptance of these devices as fundamental interventional tools for treatment of allograft coronary artery disease.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.65888683858578
keywords = wave
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/323. Chronic eosinophilic pneumonia.

    Chronic eosinophilic pneumonia (CEP) belongs to a group of syndromes manifested by pulmonary infiltrates with peripheral eosinophilia (PIE syndromes). The role of the eosinophil as a destructive agent in CEP is discussed. The degree of manifested eosinophilia at the time of diagnosis, the frequency of relapses of pneumonia, the response to steroid therapy, the status of current physical and x-ray findings, and especially the trend in pulmonary function data, all appear to be critical factors in determining the potential mortality risk of CEP cases.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = frequency
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/323. Treatment of the systemic capillary leak syndrome with terbutaline and theophylline. A case series.

    BACKGROUND: The systemic capillary leak syndrome is a rare idiopathic disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of hypotension and hemoconcentration due to sudden transient extravasation of 10% to 70% of plasma. mortality rates 5 years after diagnosis have been reported to be 76%. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of a prophylactic regimen for the systemic capillary leak syndrome. DESIGN: Case series. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. patients: Eight patients followed over the past 18 years. INTERVENTION: Oral terbutaline plus aminophylline or theophylline. MEASUREMENTS: Long-term clinical follow-up. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 9 years (range, 2 to 18 years), two patients (25%) died: one during an acute episode and one of complications related to long-term corticosteroid therapy. The other six patients are alive and healthy. The frequency and severity of the episodes decreased by a median of 30-fold. Recurrences were associated with decreased serum theophylline levels, possibly caused by enzyme induction or autoinduction. The extended-release form of medication was more successful. Sympathomimetic side effects were significant. CONCLUSIONS: A regimen of terbutaline and theophylline seems to be effective prophylaxis against the systemic capillary leak syndrome. maintenance of therapeutic drug levels was associated with favorable results.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = frequency
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/323. Right posterior atrioventricular ring: a location for different types of atrioventricular accessory connections.

    We present an unusual case of a 28-year-old female patient with recurrent episodes of tachycardias due to participation of two accessory connections located in the posterior tricuspid annulus. Both connections were of the atrioventricular type, the one with non decremental fast conducting properties at the right posteroseptal area, the other with node-like properties at the posterolateral tricuspid ring. Both pathways were successfully ablated transvenously with radiofrequency energy application at the same session. Implications about a common embryological origin of the two pathways as well as review of the literature for similar cases are presented.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = frequency
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Recurrence'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.