Cases reported "Recurrence"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/242. Use of hemiacidrin in management of infection stones.

    Unless all fragments are removed at the time of surgery for struvite stones a high incidence of recurrent infection and stone formation is likely. To reduce the recurrence rate of such stones the renal pelvis is irrigated postoperatively with 10 per cent hemiacidrin solution for at least 48 hours or until all fragments have been dissolved. We have managed successfully 35 patients (36 kidneys) without enxountering any complications. Included in our most recent series are 2 patients with solitary kidneys who had successful dissolution of stone fragments. Absolute contraindications to the use of hemiacidrin are infected urine, fever or flank discomfort. Although we have found hemiacidrin dissolution of renal stones to be safe and effective it is essential that the clinician be aware of the proper technique and its possible complications.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = kidney
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/242. Recurrent fetal polycystic kidneys associated with glutaric aciduria type II.

    A woman had two pregnancies terminated in the 20th and 21st weeks of gestation after ultrasonographic detection of enlarged hyperechoic kidneys in both fetuses. The combination of polycystic kidneys and steatotic liver found at autopsy suggested glutaric aciduria type II (GA II), which was confirmed by biochemical investigation. GA II or multiple acyl-coa dehydrogenase deficiency is an autosomal recessively inherited defect of mitochondrial energy metabolism, which usually results in neonatal death. When pregnancy is terminated because of enlarged hyperechoic kidneys in the fetus, autopsy is crucial for establishing the correct diagnosis. The combination of polycystic kidneys and steatotic liver should bring GA II to mind, and prompt appropriate biochemical investigations so that genetic counselling and first trimester diagnosis can be offered in future pregnancies.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 4
keywords = kidney
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/242. A renal allograft recipient with late recurrence of focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis after switching from cyclosporine to tacrolimus.

    BACKGROUND: Focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is one of the most frequent and severe primary glomerulonephritis that recurs in transplanted kidneys. Although cyclosporine seems to have no effect on the frequency of FSGS recurrence, there is evidence that cyclosporine reduces proteinuria and prolongs graft survival in patients with recurrent glomerulonephritis after renal transplantation. The effect of tacrolimus on nephrotic syndrome after renal transplantation is controversial. methods: We describe the case of a 30-year-old man with steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome due to FSGS who developed nephrotic syndrome 5 years after renal transplantation due to recurrent disease when he was switched from cyclosporine to tacrolimus. RESULTS: He was given pulses of methylprednisolone and returned to cyclosporine. His proteinuria decreased, but he rapidly developed chronic renal failure. CONCLUSIONS: This observation strongly suggests that tacrolimus should be given with considerable care in renal transplant recipients with FSGS.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.5
keywords = kidney
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/242. recurrence of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis associated with Kimura's disease after kidney transplantation.

    A 13-year-old Brazilian boy with Kimura's disease (eosinophylic lymphoid granuloma) and nephrotic syndrome is reported. Native kidney biopsy showed focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). Treatment with prednisolone resulted in partial remission of proteinuria, and he had a progressive loss in renal function, requiring initiation of chronic dialysis, which he underwent for 46 months. After kidney transplantation, the patient developed proteinuria. A renal biopsy showed recurrence of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, and subsequently he developed renal insufficiency.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 3
keywords = kidney
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/242. Fibrillary glomerulonephritis in a renal allograft.

    Fibrillary glomerulonephritis is an uncommon disease seen in approximately 1% of all native kidney biopsy specimens. We present here a case of a 40-year-old white woman with the rapid loss of graft function secondary to fibrillary glomerulonephritis within 7 days of receiving a living-related renal allograft. This case emphasizes the values of combining urinalysis with prompt allograft kidney biopsy in recipients with an elevated serum creatinine posttransplantation. When one encounters rapidly progressing glomerulonephritis or a pulmonary-renal syndrome in the immediate posttransplantation period, fibrillary glomerulonephritis must be considered in the differential diagnosis. Because of a high recurrence rate and no available treatment to modify a potentially malignant course of this disease, we recommend caution when considering these patients for transplantation.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = kidney
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/242. The surgical significance of the proteus stone.

    62 patients with staghorn calculi who underwent conservative surgery at the Liverpool Regional Urological Centre since 1962 have been reviewed. The evidence shows that stone disease due to proteus is more rapidly progressive than that due to other organisms. Recurrences of proteus stones continue to behave in the same manner. Complete kidney clearance at operation is an essential part of the management of these stones, if renal substance is to be preserved.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.5
keywords = kidney
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/242. T lymphocyte subsets and cytokine production by graft-infiltrating cells in FSGS recurrence post-transplantation.

    BACKGROUND: Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) aetiology remains undefined although a derangement of lymphocytes and monocytes macrophages, at least, has been strongly suspected. We report the graft-infiltrating phenotypes and their cytokine production in a case of FSGS recurrence post-transplantation. methods: The kidney transplant recipient suffered immediate FSGS recurrence. Aspiration biopsies were done at the first and second week post-surgery and were analysed by flow cytometry. The cytokine analysis was done on aspiration sample culture supernatants and serum by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: High expression of CD3CD69, CD3CD71 and CD4CD29 was found on infiltrating lymphocytes. biopsy cultures pointed to a Th0/Th1 pattern of cytokine production as well as significant synthesis of transforming growth factor-beta1. Interestingly, monocyte chemokines were absent. CONCLUSION: We report evidence of intragraft lymphocyte activation in the early days of FSGS recurrence. Aspiration biopsy cultures showed failure of cyclosporin A to inhibit interleukin-2 (IL-2) production by infiltrating lymphocytes. If our findings are confirmed in similar patients, a trial with anti-IL-2-receptor antibody could be warranted.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.5
keywords = kidney
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/242. Percutaneous chemolysis--an important tool in the treatment of urolithiasis.

    Persistent residual calculi after therapy, i.e. extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL), percutaneous nephrolitholapaxy (PNL), as well as pyelo- and nephrolithotomy are big problems in the treatment of urolithiasis. Furthermore, the therapy of stones is problematic in patients with inadequate drainage, impaired kidney function, or with high risks against anaesthetics. Between 1991 and 1997 percutaneous antegrade chemolysis was carried out in eleven patients. In nine of them complete dissolution of stones was achieved. In two further cases, in which calcium oxalate was the main component of the stones, chemolysis was unsuccessful. Through our own cases and under consideration of the literature, we will show that percutaneous chemolysis in these cases is useful and effective in the treatment of urolithiasis.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.5
keywords = kidney
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/242. Bilateral ureteric replacement with ileum.

    In connection with a report of a case, authors discuss in outline the possibilities of ureter replacement. If both the ureters are injured, they can be substituted with one single segment of the intestine, as it happened in their case. Authors raise the idea that a longer segment of the intestine used for substitution provides sufficient capacity and isoperistaltic function, and this may protect from the negative effects of possible vesicoileal reflux. In this case, the reflux does not spread to the kidneys even if the ureteroileal was not made with anti-reflux technique.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.5
keywords = kidney
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/242. plasmapheresis for prevention of recurrent focal segmental glomerulosclerosis of kidney allograft in adult recipients.

    nephrotic syndrome due to focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FGS) frequently recurs even after renal transplantation and may cause renal allograft failure. From January 1983 though April 1995, 11 adult recipients with primary FGS received 11 kidney transplants at our institution, and 3 of them were treated with pretransplant plasma exchange (PE). Other patients did not receive any preoperative PE, and 4 patients lost their grafts due to recurrent FGS (50%). PE was completed 3 times before the transplantation to prevent posttransplant recurrence of FGS. Two recipients did not have any proteinuria or graft dysfunction without posttransplant PE. One patient had mild proteinuria immediately after transplantation, and histological examination showed recurrent FGS. The patient has been undergoing PE once a month (2 years posttransplant). Her renal function is excellent (sCr 1.2 mg/dl), and her FGS is being well controlled by PE. PE seems to be effective for the prevention of the recurrence of FGS following renal transplantation.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 2.5
keywords = kidney
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Recurrence'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.