Cases reported "Recurrence"

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1/60. Primary percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty performed for acute myocardial infarction in a patient with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura.

    A 72-year-old female with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) complained of severe chest pain. electrocardiography showed ST-segment depression and negative T wave in I, aVL and V4-6. Following a diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), urgent coronary angiography revealed 99% organic stenosis with delayed flow in the proximal segment and 50% in the middle segment of the left anterior descending artery (LAD). Subsequently, percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) for the stenosis in the proximal LAD was performed. In the coronary care unit, her blood pressure dropped. Hematomas around the puncture sites were observed and the platelet count was 28,000/mm3. After transfusion, electrocardiography revealed ST-segment elevation in I, aVL and V1-6. Urgent recatheterization disclosed total occlusion in the middle segment of the LAD. Subsequently, PTCA was performed successfully. Then, intravenous immunoglobulin increased the platelet count and the bleeding tendency disappeared. A case of AMI with ITP is rare. The present case suggests that primary PTCA can be a useful therapeutic strategy, but careful attention must be paid to hemostasis and to managing the platelet count.
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keywords = puncture
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2/60. Outpatient carotid artery stenting: a case report.

    PURPOSE: To report a case of carotid artery stenting for asymptomatic carotid restenosis performed in an outpatient setting. methods AND RESULTS: A 68-year-old man with right carotid restenosis after repeat carotid endarterectomy underwent carotid angioplasty and stenting on an ambulatory basis. The procedure to implant a Smart stent required 45 minutes; the femoral access site was closed with a puncture closure device. The patient experienced no sequelae to this procedure and is well 6 months after treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Outpatient delivery of percutaneous carotid stenting may be feasible in appropriately selected patients.
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3/60. Intrapericardial treatment of autoreactive myocarditis with triamcinolon. Successful administration in patients with minimal pericardial effusion.

    A major clinical drawback in the treatment of autoreactive pericarditis is its inherent feature to relapse. Intrapericardial treatment with triamcinolone was reported to be efficient in patients with large, symptomatic autoreactive pericardial effusions, avoiding side effects of systemic treatment as well as compliance problems. Intrapericardial treatment with 300 mg/m2 triamcinolone was for the first time performed in patients with autoreactive myopericarditis and minimal pericardial effusions (75 to 110 ml). After 12 months of follow-up both patients are asymptomatic and there were no further recurrences of pericardial effusion. pericardiocentesis in these patients was performed with the application of the PerDUCER device, guided by pericardioscopy. This device has a hemispherical cavity at the top of the instrument connected with a vacuum-producing syringe. In this cavity the pericardium is captured by vacuum and tangentially punctured by the introducer needle. pericardium that can be captured, must be up to 2 mm thin to fit into the hemispherical cavity. Pericardioscopy performed from the anterior mediastinum significantly contributed to the success of the procedures enabling visualization of the portions of the pericardium free of adipose tissue or adhesions, suitable for puncture with the PerDUCER. In conclusion, intrapericardial treatment of symptomatic autoreactive myopericarditis with minimal pericardial effusion was safely and efficiently performed in 2 patients. pericardiocentesis was enabled by means of the PerDUCER device, facilitated by pericardioscopy.
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ranking = 2
keywords = puncture
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4/60. Recurrent coronary stent thrombosis.

    A 63-year-old woman with an acute anterior myocardial infarction was treated with primary stent implantation. The absence of coronary artery stenosis and an haematocrit of 58 were indicative of a myeloproliferative disorder and the diagnosis of polycythaemia vera (Vaquez' disease) was confirmed by bone marrow aspiration. The patient had a re-infarction 8 days later. A rescue percutaneous angioplasty was performed for stent thrombosis after unsuccessful thrombolysis. A few hours after sheath removal, a femoral artery thrombosis at the puncture side needed urgent thrombectomy. Finally, a second re-infarction occurred, followed by an irreversible cardiac arrest. Stent thrombosis is a difficult-to-treat complication in patients with polycythaemia vera. If this haematologic disorder is known, primary stent implantation for acute myocardial infarction may not be the first choice in these patients.
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keywords = puncture
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5/60. Recurrent asystoles associated with vasovagal reaction during venipuncture.

    A 17-year-old high school student presented with a history of habitual faintings. On 24-hour Holter monitoring, cardiac asystoles were recorded, the longest lasting approximately 7 or 8 seconds during venipuncture procedures. The asystole associated with venipuncture demonstrated the cardioinhibitory effects of vasovagal reaction with blood-injury phobia. He also had a positive response during head-up tilt test showing hypotension and relative bradycardia after intravenous isoproterenol injection. After administration of oral beta blocker, he did not show further or recurrent cardiac asystole during blood injury procedure on electrocardiographic examination. Venipuncture is the most common invasive medical procedure performed in hospital settings. While venipuncture is considered to be reasonably safe, serious complication may occur even when only a small volume of blood is withdrawn. Therefore, medical personnel should be prepared to provide appropriate care.
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ranking = 8
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6/60. Implantation of a reservoir for refractory chronic subdural hematoma.

    OBJECTIVE: recurrence of chronic subdural hematoma is not rare. Among patients who experience recurrence, severe background disease may adversely influence the prognosis of chronic subdural hematoma. We treated patients with these refractory hematomas with an Ommaya cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) reservoir and analyzed the effectiveness of the treatment. methods: Sixteen patients with refractory chronic subdural hematoma were studied. These patients had severe diseases that adversely influenced the clinical course of chronic subdural hematoma, including cerebral infarction, liver cirrhosis, thrombocytopenia, severe Parkinsonism, severe heart disease, psychiatric disease, and spinocerebellar degeneration. All patients were treated initially in the standard fashion: evacuation of the hematoma followed by irrigation and drainage of the hematoma cavity. In each patient, an Ommaya CSF reservoir was implanted after the hematoma recurred. Whenever the volume of the hematoma either decreased very slowly or increased, the reservoir was punctured. RESULTS: The hematoma size decreased to less than 3 mm a median of 60 days after introduction of the reservoir. Postoperatively, 13 patients returned to their condition before the onset of hematoma. One patient died of myocardial infarction, and two patients with Parkinson's disease could not maintain their previous functional level; both remained in a partially dependent state. Complications consisted of minor bleeding in two patients and occlusion of the reservoir in two other patients. CONCLUSION: By use of this method, reoperation was avoided and the patients were mobile early in the postoperative period. This method was suitable for refractory chronic subdural hematoma accompanied by severe disease that adversely influenced the clinical course.
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ranking = 1
keywords = puncture
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7/60. Idiopathic intracranial hypertension and hemophilia a.

    OBJECTIVE: A patient with hemophilia a and long-standing recurrent symptoms of idiopathic intracranial hypertension is described. During his relapses, he experienced headache, and attention and language disturbance, but no visual symptoms. BACKGROUND: hemophilia a is a rare inherited coagulation disorder secondary to factor viii deficiency. Idiopathic intracranial hypertension has been reported in association with prothrombotic conditions and iron deficiency anemia, but not in patients with hemophilia a. Recurrent or chronic headache is not a typical symptom of hemophilia, but headache is a presenting sign of intracranial bleed in persons with hemophilia. methods: Medical history review, clinical neurologic examination, brain magnetic resonance imaging, computed head tomography, and electroencephalogram were performed. RESULTS: neurologic examination revealed bilateral papilledema during relapses of idiopathic intracranial hypertension. Multiple lumbar punctures preceded by the intravenous administration of factor viii early in the course of the illness confirmed the presence of elevated cerebrospinal fluid pressures and absence of subarachnoid blood. He had no complications from lumbar punctures. Initial electroencephalograms showed background slowing but later normalized. magnetic resonance imaging of the brain and computerized tomography of the head were normal. Relapses of idiopathic intracranial hypertension were eventually controlled with the administration of acetazolamide. CONCLUSION: Idiopathic intracranial hypertension may develop in patients with hemophilia a in the absence of visual symptoms. Therapeutic and diagnostic lumbar punctures were safe to perform on this patient, following the administration of factor viii.
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ranking = 3
keywords = puncture
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8/60. Case report. recurrence of increased intracranial pressure with antiretroviral therapy in an AIDS patient with cryptococcal meningitis.

    We present the case of an AIDS patient with cryptococcal meningitis who, after an excellent clinical and mycological response to antifungal therapy, developed an exacerbation of signs and symptoms, including elevated intracranial pressure and an increase in cerebrospinal fluid cryptococcal antigen and white blood cells, following the initiation of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Cultures yielded no growth and the patient responded to repeated lumbar punctures without changing or intensifying antifungal therapy. To our knowledge, this is the first report of symptomatic elevated intracranial pressure occurring during HAART-related immune recovery in a patient with cryptococcal meningitis. Exacerbation of symptoms does not necessarily reflect mycological failure that requires a change in antifungal therapy, but may relate to acutely increased intracranial pressure that will respond to simple measures, such as repeated lumbar punctures.
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ranking = 2
keywords = puncture
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9/60. Meningeal relapse after double peripheral blood stem cell transplantation in IgD myeloma.

    A 54-year-old man diagnosed with IgD myeloma (stage IIIA) in complete remission (CR) received peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT) twice with an interval of 4 months using high-dose melphalan 200mg/m2. However 9 months after the second PBSCT, he was readmitted because of lumbago, lower left hemiparesis, speech disturbance and left facial nerve palsy. A lumbar puncture revealed myeloma cells in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). The patient did not respond to any salvage chemotherapy and died of sepsis 27 months after the initial diagnosis. The findings in this patient suggest that another treatment modality including prophylactic intrathecal injection of an anti-cancer drug as well as allogeneic cell therapy is probably necessary in patients with high-risk IgD myeloma.
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ranking = 1
keywords = puncture
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10/60. Disappearance of migraine attacks during long-lasting postdural puncture headache: a case report.

    We report a patient with a history of frequent migraine attacks who developed postdural puncture headache that persisted for 3 months. His migraine attacks ceased during the period of his postdural puncture headache, but resumed 3 days after disappearance of that headache. This case suggests an interrelationship between the mechanisms of postdural puncture headache and migraine.
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ranking = 7
keywords = puncture
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