Cases reported "Recurrence"

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1/690. Recurring myocardial infarction in a 35 year old woman.

    A 35 year old woman presented with acute myocardial infarction without any of the usual risk factors: she had never smoked; she had normal blood pressure; she did not have diabetes; plasma concentrations of total cholesterol and high and low density lipoprotein cholesterol, fibrinogen, homocysteine, and Lp(a) lipoprotein were normal. She was not taking oral contraceptives or any other medication. coronary angiography showed occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery but no evidence of arteriosclerosis. Medical history disclosed a previous leg vein thrombosis with pulmonary embolism. Coagulation analysis revealed protein c deficiency. The recognition of protein c deficiency as a risk factor for myocardial infarction is important as anticoagulation prevents further thrombotic events, whereas inhibitors of platelet aggregation are ineffective.
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ranking = 1
keywords = thrombosis, vein thrombosis, vein
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2/690. saphenous vein interposition graft for recurrent carotid stenosis after prior endarterectomy and stent placement. Case report.

    Although the use of carotid artery stents is increasing, the management of recurrent stenosis after their placement is undefined. The authors report on a patient who underwent two left carotid endarterectomies followed by left carotid angioplasty and stent placement for recurrent stenosis. A third symptomatic recurrence was subsequently managed by placement of a saphenous vein interposition graft from the common carotid artery to the distal cervical internal carotid artery. The patient remained without hemispheric or retinal ischemia at his 5-month follow-up visit. Interposition grafting should be considered as a treatment option for carotid restenosis after initial endarterectomy and stent placement.
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ranking = 0.10953470327022
keywords = vein
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3/690. Recurrent stenosis of common carotid-intracranial internal carotid interposition saphenous vein bypass graft caused by intimal hyperplasia and treated with endovascular stent placement. Case report and review of the literature.

    Intimal hyperplasia is a well-known cause of delayed stenosis in vein bypass grafts in all types of vascular surgery. Options for treatment of stenosis in peripheral and coronary artery bypass grafts include revision surgery and the application of endovascular techniques such as balloon angioplasty and stent placement. The authors present a case of stenosis caused by intimal hyperplasia in a high-flow common carotid artery-intracranial internal carotid artery (IICA) saphenous vein interposition bypass graft that had been constructed to treat a traumatic pseudoaneurysm of the intracavernous ICA. The stenosis recurred after revision surgery and was successfully treated by endovascular stent placement in the vein graft. The literature on stent placement for vein graft stenoses is reviewed, and the authors add a report of its application to external carotid-internal carotid bypass grafts. Further study is required to define the role of endovascular techniques in the management of stenotic cerebrovascular disease.
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ranking = 0.17525552523235
keywords = vein
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4/690. Successful treatment of candidal osteomyelitis with fluconazole following failure with liposomal amphotericin b.

    A case of multiple relapses of candida albicans infection of deep tissues is described. Treatment was complicated by renal impairment, but therapy with a liposomal amphotericin product failed to eradicate the third recurrence which subsequently resolved after protracted exposure to oral fluconazole.
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ranking = 0.0037949594353127
keywords = deep
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5/690. Clinical therapeutic conference: recurrent venous thrombotic and thromboembolic disease.

    Recurrent venous thrombotic and thromboembolic disease, once thought to be an uncommon entity, is increasingly being recognized. Etiologies of recurrent deep venous thrombosis usually include elements of Virchow's triad. Venous stasis (e.g., immobilization, congestive heart failure, acute myocardial infarction, obesity), hypercoagulability (e.g., malignancy, inflammatory bowel disease, hyperhomocysteinemia, protein C resistance, antithrombin iii, protein C or S deficiency) and endothelial trauma (e.g., surgical trauma, venous trauma, in-dwelling venous instrumentation) are risk factors. diagnosis is dependent on objective testing, including venography duplex Doppler (color) ultrasonography and impedance plethysmography. Treatment is usually started with heparin or low-molecular-weight heparin and advanced to warfarin (adjusted to international normalized ratio). Prophylaxis may continue using low-molecular-weight heparin, warfarin, venacaval interruption (Greenfield filter), or concomitant use of the platelet-active agent indobufen and graduated compression stockings.
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ranking = 1.067253131652
keywords = thrombosis, venous thrombosis, deep
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6/690. Long-term successful coronary artery angioplasty in polycythemia vera.

    In a 65-year-old man with polycythemia vera, invalidating angina pectoris was associated with severe narrowing of the right coronary artery. After percutaneous coronary angioplasty (PTCA) the patient became symptom free and remained so for 12 months, while receiving an antiplatelet agent, a calcium antagonist and nitrate. coronary angiography repeated after a year, because of reappearance of angina, documented good patency of the treated artery and some progression of a narrowing involving another coronary vessel. This is the first reported case of long-term success of PTCA in polycythemia vera, a disease exposed to a high risk of thrombosis and, possibly, of restenosis. It is undefined whether medical treatment contributed to the anatomical and clinical results. As far as a single case can say, polycythemia vera might not represent a prohibitive background for coronary PTCA.
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ranking = 0.93116675300624
keywords = thrombosis
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7/690. Recurrent pulmonary embolism associated with klippel-trenaunay-weber syndrome.

    klippel-trenaunay-weber syndrome (KTWS) is a rare, congenital disorder characterized by the triad of varicose veins, cutaneous hemangiomas, and hypertrophy of soft tissue and bone. We present the case of a woman with KTWS, cor pulmonale, and death due to recurrent pulmonary embolism (PE). The risk of deep venous thrombosis and PE in patients with KTWS is evaluated, and treatment recommendations are made with emphasis on the role of early, aggressive management in the subset of patients with KTWS known to have thromboembolic disease.
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ranking = 1.089160072306
keywords = thrombosis, venous thrombosis, vein, deep
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8/690. Cryosupernatant plasma exchange in the treatment of antiphospholipid antibody syndrome with lupus nephritis.

    We report a case of a 22-year-old female with antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS) associated with systemic lupus erythematosus in whom cryosupernatant plasma exchange was effective and improved both the refractory venous thrombosis in her legs and relapsing thrombocytopenia. A renal biopsy specimen showed not only features of active lupus nephritis but also renal arteriolar thrombosis which is considered to be a type of thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA). Because a pathological role of unusually large von willebrand factor (vWF) multimers has been reported in patients with TMA including thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, plasma exchange using replacement with cryosupernatant, which is free of unusually large vWF multimers, is likely to be an option of treatment modality for patients with refractory and chronic relapsing APS manifesting TMA.
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ranking = 1.9946249252229
keywords = thrombosis, venous thrombosis
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9/690. Temporary arterio-venous shunts to dilate saphenous crossover graft and maintain graft patency.

    A modification of the Palma operation is described in a 25-year-old man with impaired venous outflow of the right leg. After a phlebitic occlusion of the right superficial femoral and external iliac veins he had been operated on twice for varicose veins. The result of these operations was a serious outflow stasis of the right leg during exercise. A saphenous cross-over graft to the right popliteal vein was constructed. Preoperatively a temporary arterio-venous shunt between the left posterior tibial artery and the great saphenous vein had been made in order to increase the diameter of the saphenous vein. Three months later the dilated saphenous vein was resected at the level of the sapheno-tibial artery shunt and anastomosed to the popliteal vein of the right leg. The cross-over graft occluded several times during this operation. A temporary popliteo-popliteal arterio-venous shunt was established distally to the sapheno-popliteal anastomosis to keep the vein graft patent. This second arterio-venous shunt was resected after three months. Venography one month later showed that the vein graft was patent. The patient's complaints had disappeared one month after the operation and a normalization of his venous outflow was recorded plethysmographically. The graft has remained patent during an observation time of eighteen months.
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ranking = 0.1971624658864
keywords = vein
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10/690. Retrograde embolization during saphenous vein graft angioplasty.

    angioplasty of degenerated saphenous vein grafts is not infrequently complicated by distal embolization of atheromatous debris. We describe an uncommon case in which balloon angioplasty of an old vein graft to a second diagonal branch of the left anterior descending coronary artery was followed by distal embolization. However, the embolization occurred in a retrograde fashion distal to the anastomotic site, resulting in occlusion of the upstream first diagonal branch. The reasons for its occurrence are discussed, together with suggestions for its recognition.
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ranking = 0.13144164392426
keywords = vein
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