Cases reported "renal aminoacidurias"

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1/32. I-cell disease. Report of three cases.

    Clinical, radiological, histochemical, ultrastructural, and biochemical studies were conducted on three cases of I-cell disease. I-cell disease can be readily distinguished from Hurler syndrome (mucopolysaccharidosis i) by the presence of hypertrophic gums, vacuolated lymphocytes in peripheral blood, and a normal level of urinary mucopolysaccharides. Accumulation of proteoglycans was more prominent in the inclusion bodies of I-cell chondrocytes in comparison to cultured fibroblasts, which contained a large amount of glycolipids and a small amount of proteoglycans. An autosomal recessive mode of inheritance was suggested in two of the cases. ( info)

2/32. Antenatal diagnosis of hereditary fetal growth retardation with aminoaciduria, cholestasis, iron overload, and lactic acidosis in the newborn infant.

    OBJECTIVE: A prenatal diagnosis of the fetus for a mother of two previously deceased infants who died from the recently described autosomal recessive disease (OMIM 603358). The infants presented with intrauterine growth retardation, aminoaciduria, cholestasis, iron overload, severe lactic acidosis, and early death (GRACILE syndrome). STUDY DESIGN: dna was extracted from the fibroblasts and tissue samples of the deceased infants, parental leukocytes, and from a chorion villus biopsy in the next pregnancy. haplotypes were determined using the relevant markers flanking the disease-associated region of chromosome 2. RESULTS: Both deceased infants were homozygous for the four critical markers. The fetal haploptypes were identical to those of the siblings and the pregnancy was terminated. The iron content of the fetal liver was increased (5000 microg/g) compared with the controls, with a marked iron accumulation in the kupffer cells. CONCLUSIONS: Antenatal diagnosis can be performed based on linkage analysis in families with at least one affected child because the disease locus has been assigned to a restricted chromosomal region. Typical histological abnormalities may be present in early fetal life. ( info)

3/32. Tyrosinemia type I: a clinico-laboratory case report.

    Progressive hepatocellular dysfunction in a neonate, resulting in elevated serum alpha-fetoprotein together with raised blood levels of tyrosine and methionine, a generalized amino aciduria and the absence of urinary delta-aminolevulinic acid and succinylacetone, suggests a diagnosis of tyrosinemia type Ib. Classical tyrosinemia type I arises from a deficiency of fumarylacetoacetate hydrolase while the variant tyrosinemia type Ib results from a deficiency of maleylacetoacetate isomerase. ( info)

4/32. Peeling skin syndrome with aminoaciduria.

    A 12-year-old child presented with asymptomatic, noninflammatory, generalized peeling of the skin since early childhood. He was diagnosed as having type A continual peeling skin syndrome. Associated increased excretion of cystine and histidine in the urine has hitherto not been reported. ( info)

5/32. VPS33B mutation with ichthyosis, cholestasis, and renal dysfunction but without arthrogryposis: incomplete ARC syndrome phenotype.

    arthrogryposis-renal dysfunction-cholestasis (ARC) syndrome is a rare multisystem disorder first described in 1979 and recently ascribed to mutation in VPS33B, whose product acts in intracellular trafficking. arthrogryposis, spillage of various substances in the urine, and conjugated hyperbilirubinemia define an ARC core phenotype, in some patients associated with ichthyosis, central nervous system malformation, deafness, and platelet abnormalities. We describe a patient with cholestasis, aminoaciduria, ichthyosis, partial callosal agenesis, and sensorineural deafness who, although homozygous for the novel VPS33B mutation 971delA/K324fs, predicted to abolish VPS33B function, did not exhibit arthrogryposis. The phenotypes associated with VPS33B mutation may include incomplete ARC. ( info)

6/32. Aminoglycoside-associated fanconi syndrome.

    The objective is to describe a case of probable aminoglycoside-induced fanconi syndrome and make clinicians aware of the existence of this underrecognized and underdiagnosed complication in patients treated with a prolonged course of high-dose aminoglycosides. A 53-year-old man admitted for recurrent infective exacerbations of chronic bronchiectasis already colonized with pseudomonas aeruginosa was treated intermittently with intravenous gentamicin (320 to 560 mg/d) for a total of 4 months to a total cumulative dose of 9.4 g. The patient developed profound hypophosphatemia, hypocalcemia, hyperphosphaturia, and aminoaciduria. Electrolyte disturbances persisted until gentamicin therapy was stopped, recurred with rechallenge, and did not correct with calcium and phosphate supplementation. This case shows that prolonged exposure to high-dose aminoglycoside therapy can be associated with fanconi syndrome, which is a manifestation of proximal tubular dysfunction. There are only a few case reports to date of fanconi syndrome as a probable complication of high-dose aminoglycoside therapy. The Naranjo Adverse Drug Reaction probability scale score indicated that this was a probable adverse reaction associated with administration of high-dose aminoglycosides. The differential diagnosis of electrolyte disturbances as a manifestation of proximal tubule dysfunction and type 2 renal tubular acidosis is vast; however, fanconi syndrome needs to be considered in patients treated with high doses of aminoglycosides for longer than 6 days, after more common causes of hypophosphatemia are excluded. ( info)

7/32. sodium chloride restriction and extracellular fluid volume contraction in hyperphosphatiuric vitamin d resistant rickets in the Lowe syndrome.

    A patient with a Lowe syndrome was observed from birth. Progressive hyperchloraemic renal tubular acidosis, hypophosphataemia, hyperphosphaturia and generalized hyperaminoaciduria had developed in infancy. Supplementary vitamin d, alkali and a high intake of dietary phosphate were unsuccessful in controlling the severe phosphate diabetes and rickets. Contraction of the extracellular fluid volume by dietary sodium restriction resulted in correction of the acidosis, hypophosphataemia, hyperaminoaciduria, and hyperphosphaturia, and healing of the rickets. ( info)

8/32. menkes kinky hair syndrome: Is it a treatable disorder?

    A male infant with menkes kinky hair syndrome was treated with a 3-week course of cupric acetate infusions, which was terminated when he developed aminoaciduria. The lack of improvement seen in this infant is representative of the reported experience with parenteral copper therapy in this condition, and may be attributable to the presence of a clinically significant abnormality in copper metabolism in utero. ( info)

9/32. Congenital renal tubular dysfunction associated with maternal sniffing of organic solvents.

    Two cases of neonatal renal tubular dysfunction and metabolic acidosis due to maternal sniffing of a product containing toluene are reported. Both mothers had been sniffing regularly throughout their pregnancies. The infants were dysmature and had some dysmorphic features. They had hyperchloraemic acidosis and exhibited amino-aciduria. The metabolic changes were however transient. It is suggested that the sniffing of toluene containing solvents during pregnancy may change membrane permeability in both the proximal as well as distal renal tubules and may also enhance liver enzyme activity in the foetus. ( info)

10/32. Persistent nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, tubular proteinuria, aminoaciduria, and parathyroid hormone resistance following longterm lithium administration.

    We report a patient who developed persistent nephrogenic diabetes insipidus associated with renal tubular acidosis, renal resistance to parathyroid hormone, aminoaciduria and proximal tubule pattern proteinuria in the presence of a reduced glomerular filtration rate (19-24 ml/min). A review of the previous reports of persistent nephrogenic diabetes insipidus revealed that in all patients the glomerular filtration rate had been less than 60 ml/min at presentation. Chronic renal failure may therefore predispose to the development of persistent nephrogenic diabetes insipidus in patients receiving lithium. ( info)
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