Cases reported "Reoviridae Infections"

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1/6. Reovirus type 2 isolated from cerebrospinal fluid.

    An 8-week-old female infant presented with a history of active varicella complicated by escherichia coli sepsis, oral thrush, hypoalbuminemia, intermittent fevers, diarrhea and feeding intolerance. Rhesus monkey kidney cells inoculated with cerebrospinal fluid revealed reovirus-like particles by electron microscopy. Virus neutralization and rna-gel electrophoresis studies identified the isolated pathogen as reovirus serotype 2. This report represents one of only a few to isolate reovirus from the central nervous system in humans. ( info)

2/6. Isolation and molecular characterization of a novel type 3 reovirus from a child with meningitis.

    Mammalian reoviruses are non-enveloped viruses that contain a segmented, double-stranded rna genome. Reoviruses infect most mammalian species, although infection with these viruses in humans is usually asymptomatic. We report the isolation of a novel reovirus strain from a 6.5-week-old child with meningitis. hemagglutination and neutralization assays indicated that the isolate is a serotype 3 strain, leading to the designation T3/Human/Colorado/1996 (T3C/96). sequence analysis of the T3C/96 S1 gene segment, which encodes the viral attachment protein, sigma 1, confirmed the serotype assignment for this strain and indicated that T3C/96 is a novel reovirus isolate. T3C/96 is capable of systemic spread in newborn mice after peroral inoculation and produces lethal encephalitis. These results suggest that serotype 3 reoviruses can cause meningitis in humans. ( info)

3/6. colorado tick fever: clinical, epidemiologic, and laboratory aspects of 228 cases in Colorado in 1973-1974.

    During 1973 and 1974, we looked for cases of colorado tick fever throughout Colorado; 228 cases were identified. Although 90% of the patients reported exposure to ticks before illness, only 52% were aware of an actual tick bite. Typical symptoms of fever, myalgia, and headache were common, but gastrointestinal symptoms were also prominent in 20% of the patients. Twenty percent were hospitalized; no deaths or permanent sequelae were noted. Persistent viremia (greater than or equal to 4 weeks) was found in about half of the cases; this finding was not associated with the occurrence of prolonged symptoms (greater than or equal to 3 weeks), which were also reported in half of the cases. One patient became reinfected with the virus. Increasing tourism in endemic areas and the frequent occurrence of prolonged or biphasic illnesses provide the potential for patients with colorado tick fever to seek medical care anywhere in the united states. ( info)

4/6. rotavirus infection in a geriatric population.

    An outbreak of gastroenteritis affected 19 of 34 geriatric patients and four of 23 staff assigned to the ward in a period of 3 1/2 weeks in January 1980. Fourteen of the 19 patients with gastroenteritis (17 were tested properly) and four of the ten asymptomatic patients (five asymptomatic patients were not tested) showed evidence of rotavirus infection by virus positivity and/or a significant antibody response to rotavirus. One of the four staff members with gastroenteritis showed serologic evidence (three were tested) of rotavirus infection. Nine of the 18 asymptomatic staff members (two remaining staff members were not tested) showed a fourfold rise in antibody to rotavirus but four had antibody titers of 1:32 or more. The patients had diarrhea for a mean of 2.6 days. Most of them had five or fewer diarrheal stools in one day. Six patients had a severe illness and two died. Thirteen of 15 symptomatic patients who had serum samples, collected during the acute and convalescent phases, tested manifested high titers (greater than or equal to 1:32) of complement-fixing antibody to rotavirus antigen. ( info)

5/6. Reovirus type 1 associated with meningitis.

    A previously healthy 3-month-old girl presented with symptoms of meningitis, diarrhoea, vomiting and fever. Green monkey kidney (GMK) cells inoculated with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) revealed reovirus-like particles by electron microscopy. rna-gel electrophoresis, immunofluorescence and virus neutralization identified the pathogen isolated from CSF as reovirus type 1. Antibody determination by immunofluorescence of paired sera showed a significant antibody titre rise to the CSF isolate and neutralization test revealed a greater than 4-fold antibody titre rise to the CSF isolate. The CSF isolate was also neutralized by reovirus type 1 antibodies. This report represents one of a few associating reovirus with CNS symptoms in humans. ( info)

6/6. Biliary, anorectal and esophageal atresia: a new entity?

    A unique case of newborn biliary atresia associated with esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula, ano-rectal atresia, Reovirus type 3 infection and an early switch of fetal into adult hemoglobin is reported. At birth, the infant, who had only one umbilical artery, was operated on by primary anastomosis of the esophagous, and descending colostomy. At six weeks of age the baby underwent a "Kasai hepatic portoenterostomy-Type I" for a EHBA Type III, Subtype C2, Subgroup O ("aplasia" of all extrahepatic biliary ducts, including the gallbladder). The absence of an artery branch for the left lobe of the liver was observed. Histologically, the liver showed a hyperplasia of the intrahepatic bile ducts due to persistence of an excess of embryologic bile ducts in "ductal plate malformation" (DPM). Specific Reovirus type 3 antibodies were found in both the mother's and baby's sera. In the postoperative period the infant developed rapid and severe liver failure and underwent a successful liver transplantation. Although in most cases EHBA appears to be a perinatal event due to a necro-inflammatory process of unknown etiology, cases associated with complex extrahepatic anomalies, may be due to different pathogenetic mechanisms supported by different causative agents operating very early in the fetal period. Viral infection seems to be the most reliable etiology. ( info)


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