Cases reported "Retinal Diseases"

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11/190. Photodynamic therapy of a subretinal neovascular membrane in type 2A idiopathic juxtafoveolar retinal telangiectasis.

    PURPOSE: To report the outcome of a patient with a subretinal neovascular membrane secondary to idiopathic juxtafoveolar retinal telangiectasis treated with photodynamic female therapy. methods: Interventional case report. A 43-year-old female with type 2A idiopathic juxtafoveolar retinal telangiectasis presented with a 2-week history of decreased vision and a subretinal neovascular membrane in the left eye. RESULTS: Visual improvement from 20/70-2 to 20/50-2 in the left eye was observed after two photodynamic therapy treatments of a juxtafoveal subretinal neovascular membrane with verteporfin, and was maintained through 7 months of follow-up. fluorescein angiography showed no leakage specific to the subretinal neovascular membrane, but leakage from the juxtafoveal telangiectasis continued. CONCLUSION: A substantial improvement was seen in this patient after treatment of the juxtafoveal subretinal neovascular membrane by photodynamic therapy. Given the poor prognosis of these lesions, photodynamic therapy may therefore be a useful treatment for patients with subretinal neovascular membranes associated with idiopathic juxtafoveolar retinal telangiectasis.
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ranking = 1
keywords = membrane
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12/190. Vitreous surgery combined with internal limiting membrane peeling for traumatic macular hole with severe retinal folds.

    PURPOSE: To report a case of a traumatic macular hole with severe retinal folds in which vitreous surgery combined with internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling was beneficial. To demonstrate that the area from which the ILM was peeled can be clearly differentiated by scanning laser ophthalmoscopy. methods: A posterior hyaloid detachment was created during vitreous surgery on a 34 year old man with a traumatic macular hole. The remaining vitreous was resected and the ILM was peeled. The fundus was examined through a scanning laser ophthalmoscope before and after the surgery. RESULTS: The retinal folds disappeared concurrently with the detachment of the ILM, resulting in closure of the macular hole. The area from which the ILM was peeled was clearly observed through the scanning laser ophthalmoscope. CONCLUSION: In this patient, it was helpful to perform not only posterior hyaloid detachment but also ILM peeling. The scanning laser ophthalmoscope was highly useful for observing the area from which the ILM was peeled.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = membrane
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13/190. A case of Coats' disease with a peeling of premacular fibrosis after photocoagulation.

    We report a 26-year-old man with Coats' disease associated with premacular fibrosis. As an initial treatment, the peripheral exduative area was treated with argon laser photocoagulation. Six weeks later, the premacular fibrosis was peeled off and the posterior vitreous membrane was also detached. The patient's visual acuity improved to 20/20. We also observed a change of the vitreous component before and after the treatment that was similar to posterior vitreous detachment (PVD). This is the first reported case in which a distinct vitreous change was observed after premacular fibrosis peeling in Coat's disease.
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ranking = 0.1
keywords = membrane
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14/190. Subretinal fibrous membrane following argon laser photocoagulation of presumed histoplasmic maculopathy.

    Following an initial improvement after argon laser slit-lamp photocoagulation of histoplasmic choroiditis, progressive visual loss occurred. Histopathological examination showed a dense fibrous membrane between Bruch's membrane and the sensory retina. There was no recurrence of hemorrhage or subretinal fluid. This case report provides an explanation for visual loss in the absence of recurrent inflammation or vascular leakage.
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ranking = 0.6
keywords = membrane
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15/190. Photodynamic therapy for the treatment of choroidal neovascularization secondary to rubella retinopathy.

    PURPOSE: To describe a patient for whom photodynamic therapy was used to treat subfoveal choroidal neovascularization secondary to rubella retinopathy. DESIGN: Interventional case report.methods: A 36-year-old man with subfoveal choroidal neovascularization secondary to rubella retinopathy was treated with photodynamic therapy using verteporfin. Outcome was followed up with subsequent fundus examinations, fluorescein angiography, and evaluations of best-corrected visual acuity. RESULTS: Two treatments of photodynamic therapy using verteporfin resulted in involution of the neovascular membrane, resolution of subretinal hemorrhage, and improvement in best-corrected visual acuity from 20/200 to 20/60 2 months after the second treatment. Owing to recurrence of active choroidal neovascularization, the patient required two more treatments of photodynamic therapy in the next 6 months, after which his best-corrected visual acuity was restored to 20/60. CONCLUSION: Photodynamic therapy may be an effective treatment for subfoveal choroidal neovascularization secondary to rubella retinopathy.
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ranking = 0.1
keywords = membrane
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16/190. Familial retinal arterial macroaneurysms.

    PURPOSE: To describe the salient clinical features and course of a new entity. METHOD: Retrospective study of the clinical examinations, photographic and angiographic documentation, and clinical course of seven children from three unrelated Saudi families with multiple retinal arterial macroaneurysms. RESULTS: There were four females and three males: one set of two sisters (patients 1 and 2), a brother and a sister (patients 3 and 4), and a sister and two brothers (patients 5, 6 and 7). The age at first symptoms ranged from 3 months to 19 years. The first four cases were labeled for many years as "atypical bilateral Coats." Each patient demonstrated the presence of beading and macroaneurysms along the major retinal arterial trunks bilaterally. In five patients, recurrent bleeding and leakage from these macroaneurysms occurred, resulting in visual loss. The blood was mainly located under the internal limiting membrane. It reabsorbed spontaneously in all patients, with improved visual acuity. In three patients, argon laser photocoagulation of leaking macroaneurysms was followed by clinical improvement. Follow-up ranged from 18 months to 17 years (average = 7.8 years). CONCLUSION: The authors report, to the best of their knowledge, a new condition that they propose to call "familial retinal arterial macroaneurysms."
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ranking = 0.1
keywords = membrane
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17/190. Menkes' kinky hair disease: a light and electron microscopic study of the eye.

    light and electron microscopic studies of the ocular tissue of a case of Menkes' kinky hair disease are described. The copper deficiency responsible for this systemic and neurologic disease appears to cause a progressive degeneration of retinal ganglion cells, loss of nerve fibers, and optic atrophy. The pigment epithelium is also abnormal with only small and irregular melanin granules present among electron-dense inclusion bodies. Abnormal elastica is present in Bruch's membrane.
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ranking = 0.1
keywords = membrane
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18/190. Management of choroidal neovascularization following laser photocoagulation for central serous chorioretinopathy.

    Little is known about the natural history and management of choroidal neovascularization (CNV) which developed as a complication of laser photocoagulation for central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC). We experienced two patients with CNV which developed after laser treatment for CSC. Submacular membranectomy was performed on both cases after the confirmation of subretinal CNV with optical coherence tomography. One patient received photodynamic therapy for recurrent CNV. The vision of both patients has been improved over 6 months of follow up. These cases suggest that active intervention, including submacular surgery, improves the visual prognosis of this condition.
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ranking = 0.1
keywords = membrane
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19/190. Lamellar macular hole: a complication of cystoid macular edema after cataract extraction.

    A woman developed an inner lamellar macular hole and cellophane maculopathy as a complication of chronic cystoid macular edema following cataract extraction. fluorescein angiography revealed a cystoid pattern of fluorescence in the paracentral area but no evidence of staining in the region of the hole. Following death, histopathologic examination of both eyes confirmed the clinical observations. Biomicroscopic examination and fluorescein angiography are of value in differentiating an inner lamellar macular hole from a full-thickness macular hole and from a pseudomacular hole caused by spontaneous contraction of an epiretinal membrane.
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ranking = 96.694655983611
keywords = epiretinal membrane, epiretinal, membrane
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20/190. Enhanced visualization of macular pathology with the use of ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography.

    OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate a new generation of ophthalmic optical coherence tomography (OCT) technology with unprecedented axial resolution for enhanced imaging of intraretinal microstructures and to investigate its clinical feasibility to visualize intraretinal morphology of macular pathology. methods: A clinically viable ultrahigh-resolution ophthalmic OCT system was developed and used in clinical imaging for the first time. Fifty-six eyes of 40 selected patients with different macular diseases including macular hole, macular edema, age-related macular degeneration, central serous chorioretinopathy, epiretinal membranes, and detachment of pigment epithelium and sensory retina were included. OUTCOME MEASURES: Ultrahigh-resolution tomograms visualizing intraretinal morphologic features in different retinal diseases. RESULTS: An axial image resolution of approximately 3 micro m was achieved in the eyes examined, nearly 2 orders of magnitude better than conventional ophthalmic ultrasound. Ultrahigh-resolution OCT images provided additional diagnostically important information on intraretinal morphologic features that could not have been obtained by standard techniques. CONCLUSIONS: Ultrahigh-resolution ophthalmic OCT enables unprecedented visualization of intraretinal morphologic features and therefore has the potential to contribute to a better understanding of ocular pathogenesis, as well as to enhance the sensitivity and specificity for early ophthalmic diagnosis and to monitor the efficacy of therapy. This study establishes a baseline for the interpretation of ultrahigh-resolution ophthalmic OCT imaging of macular diseases.
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ranking = 96.694655983611
keywords = epiretinal membrane, epiretinal, membrane
(Clic here for more details about this article)
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