Cases reported "Retinal Hemorrhage"

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1/216. Successful treatment of acute subretinal hemorrhage in age-related macular degeneration by combined intravitreal injection of recombinant tissue plasminogen activator and gas.

    Subretinal hemorrhage secondary to age-related macular degeneration (AMD) has a poor visual prognosis. Surgical drainage of the blood improves visual acuity only in selected patients. We report on two elderly patients with spontaneous subretinal hemorrhage from AMD. In one eye, recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rTPA), combined with a long-acting gas (SF6), was injected into the vitreous cavity. The other eye was treated first by gas instillation followed 3 days later by rTPA injection. Both treatments led to nearly complete displacement of the subretinal hemorrhage from the macular region. In both eyes, an inferior exudative retinal detachment reabsorbed spontaneously within 2 weeks. Bilateral vitreous opacities after rTPA injection resolved without further treatment. Postoperative visual acuity increased to 0.3 and 0.4. The combined treatment is a valuable method for management of acute subretinal hemorrhage. Rapid displacement of this abnormality can minimize clot-induced damage of the highly sensitive macula and increase visual acuity.
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2/216. Central retinal vein occlusion during remission of ulcerative colitis.

    BACKGROUND: Retinal vascular disease is a rare complication of ulcerative colitis. CASE: We report a patient who developed unilateral nonischemic central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) (papillophlebitis) without any other retinal vascular disease during remission of ulcerative colitis. OBSERVATIONS: The best-corrected visual acuities were 1.5 OD and 0.7 OS. Dilated and tortuous retinal veins and retinal bleeding were seen in the left eye. macular edema and leakage from the papilla and the retinal veins of the left eye were evident on fluorescein angiography. After increased dosage of systemic prednisolone was prescribed, the retinal vascular changes resulting from CRVO (papillophlebitis) in the left eye gradually abated. CONCLUSIONS: Retinal vascular diseases should be monitored during both remission and activation of intestinal symptoms of ulcerative colitis.
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keywords = visual
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3/216. Bilateral macular hemorrhage after laser in situ keratomileusis.

    BACKGROUND: This is the first report of a bilateral submacular hemorrhage after LASIK surgery in an extreme myo pic patient. A 31-year-old man underwent bilateral surgery for correction of -16.75 0.75x70 degrees and -16.50 0.50x55 degrees. methods: Case report. RESULTS: One day after surgery the patient's uncorrected visual acuity was in the 20/50 range OU and by 17 days after surgery his visual acuity had declined to 20/200 range. Fundus examination showed multifocal subretinal macular and posterior pole hemorrhages. fluorescein angiography showed some macular lesions compatible with lacquer cracks. CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative and postoperative fundus examination is important to detect this phenomenon. patients should be informed of this rare complication.
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4/216. Partial retinal artery occlusion after coil embolization of an intracerebral aneurysm.

    Occlusion of the retinal artery is a rare complication after therapeutic embolization. We present a case of a partial retinal artery obstruction following coil embolization of an intracerebral aneurysm. To our knowledge, only six cases of acute occlusion of the choroidal and/or retinal arteries after therapeutic embolization have been reported so far. The case presented here, however, is the first in which platinum microcoils were the material used. In addition the retinal ischemia was reversible, visual acuity returning to normal and cutten-wool spot and retinal hemorrhages resolving spontaneously.
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5/216. Surgical treatment of submacular hemorrhage associated with idiopathic polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy.

    PURPOSE: To report the visual outcome of surgical treatment of submacular hemorrhage associated with idiopathic polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy. methods: Eight eyes of eight consecutive patients with thick submacular hemorrhages associated with idiopathic polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy were treated with pars plana vitrectomy and tissue plasminogen activator-assisted removal of subretinal blood (December 1995 to September 1997) or intravitreal 100% sulfur hexafluoride gas injection without tissue plasminogen activator (October 1997 to March 1998). RESULTS: Postoperatively, laser treatment was performed for active polypoidal lesions outside the foveal avascular zone in four eyes. A retinal pigment epithelial tear was seen outside the foveal avascular zone in three eyes, and one eye developed a retinal detachment. The best-corrected visual acuity improved (by 3 or more lines) or stabilized in seven of the eight eyes. Four eyes had a final best-corrected visual acuity of 20/40 or better, and three eyes had a final best-corrected visual acuity of 20/50 to 20/200. In one eye, the visual acuity decreased from 20/100 to 20/500 because of the development of a subfoveal neovascular membrane. The membrane was excised, and histologic examination showed fibrovascular tissue between the retina and retinal pigment epithelium (type 2 pattern). CONCLUSIONS: Surgical intervention may be of benefit in eyes with submacular hemorrhage associated with idiopathic polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy.
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keywords = visual
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6/216. Sorsby's fundus dystrophy in two Japanese families with unusual clinical features.

    PURPOSE: To describe two Japanese families with Sorsby's fundus dystrophy (SFD) with unusual clinical features. methods: Two families from Kagoshima Prefecture with senile-onset macular dystrophy were examined. Three affected individuals through three successive generations of one family and three affected siblings in another family were examined and followed. RESULTS: The initial symptom of these patients was a rapid or slow central visual loss that occurred at an average age of 67.4 years. The major ophthalmoscopic changes consisted of soft drusen and hemorrhagic or atrophic lesions in the macula, which were progressive and ultimately led to disciform scarring. They had no difficulty with night vision. All the patients had normal peripheral retina with intact peripheral fields. They maintained good ambulatory vision and could walk unguided until late in life. These patients had a novel mutation in the tissue inhibitor of the metalloproteinases-3 (TIMP3) gene. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first report of SFD from the East. Its clinical features differ from those of SFD patients of the West, appearing closer to features of age-related macular degeneration. These two unrelated Japanese families with an identical mutation in the TIMP3 gene might be descendants of a common ancestor who carried the mutant gene.
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keywords = visual
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7/216. A 12-year ophthalmologic experience with the shaken baby syndrome at a regional children's hospital.

    PURPOSE: To examine the ophthalmologic experience with the shaken baby syndrome (SBS) at one medical center, including clinical findings, autopsy findings, and the visual outcome of survivors. methods: One hundred sixteen patients admitted from 1987 to 1998 for subdural hematomas of the brain secondary to abuse were included. RESULTS: Retinal hemorrhages were detected in 84% of the children, but this important finding had been missed often by nonophthalmologists. Poor visual response, poor pupillary response, and retinal hemorrhage correlated strongly with demise of the child. One child who died had pigmented retinal scars from previous abuse, a condition not previously observed histopathologically. The clinical and autopsy findings varied somewhat, probably because of the differing conditions for examination. No correlation could be made between computerized tomography scans done during life and the subdural hemorrhage of the optic nerve found on autopsy. Half of the surviving patients were known to have good vision. One fourth of the patients had poor vision, largely due to cerebral visual impairment from bilateral injury posterior to the optic chiasm. Severe neurologic impairment correlated highly with loss of vision. CONCLUSION: This series provides information on the frequency of eye findings in SBS patients. No fundus finding is pathognomonic for SBS. When retinal hemorrhages are found in young children, the likelihood that abuse occurred is very high. The difficulty that nonophthalmologists have in detecting retinal hemorrhage may be an important limiting factor in finding these children so they may be protected from further abuse.
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ranking = 0.75
keywords = visual
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8/216. Intraocular hemorrhages associated with endoscopic spinal surgery.

    PURPOSE: To report the occurrence of intraocular hemorrhages in association with endoscopic spinal surgery. methods: Case report. RESULTS: A 40-year-old patient noted severe visual loss in both eyes after epidural endoscopy, epidurography, and endoscopic adhesiolysis. Ophthalmic examination showed a best-corrected visual acuity of RE: 20/800, and LE: counting fingers, and extensive subhyaloid, retinal, and subretinal hemorrhages in both eyes. The hemorrhages resolved over a period of 8 weeks and the best-corrected visual acuity improved to 20/40 in both eyes after 4 months. CONCLUSION: A syndrome of visual loss and intraocular hemorrhages after an endoscopic spinal procedure is studied.
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9/216. Intravitreal tissue plasminogen activator in submacular haemorrhage.

    Submacular haemorrhage is a major cause of sudden visual loss in age-related macular degeneration (AMD). If left untreated it often results in permanent central visual loss. We present our experience in the use of intravitreal tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) in a 65-year-old male with submacular haemorrhage.
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keywords = visual
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10/216. Case report: indocyanine green dye leakage from retinal artery in branch retinal vein occlusion.

    BACKGROUND: Little is known about retinal vascular lesions underlying hemorrhage in the acute phase of branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO). CASE: A 64-year-old woman presented with a decrease in visual acuity of ten-day duration in her left eye. OBSERVATIONS: At the initial examination, her left fundus showed the typical appearance of BRVO, including retinal bleeding and soft exudates in the lower half of the fundus, after the arteriovenous crossing. fluorescein angiography showed no detail in the retinal vessels, which were occluded by retinal bleeding. However, in the early phase of indocyanine green (ICG) angiography, ICG dye leaked from the retinal artery at a point proximal to the first bifurcation. In the late phase of ICG angiography, the dye pooled along the retinal artery in a fusiform fashion. One year after laser photocoagulation was performed in the area of the BRVO, ICG dye leakage from the retinal artery had completely disappeared. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that the changes in the retina detected by ICG angiography may have been associated with the onset of BRVO. In patients with acute BRVO, ICG angiography may be used to evaluate retinal arterial lesions covered by hemorrhage and provide useful information.
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keywords = visual
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