Cases reported "Retroperitoneal Neoplasms"

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1/68. Late recurrence with malignant degeneration of testicular teratoma. Case report.

    Radical orchiectomy was performed on a 25-year-old man for benign mature teratoma. A synchronous without change 3 cm retroperitoneal mass was followed for five years. The mass enlarged and became symptomatic twelve years after orchiectomy. Excision of the mass revealed a non-seminomatous germ cell tumor. Possible explanation is malignant degeneration of the teratomatous elements. Testicular teratomas should be treated as potentially malignant non-seminomatous tumor.
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ranking = 1
keywords = seminoma
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2/68. Primary seminoma of the retroperitoneum.

    A rare case of primary seminoma in the retroperitoneum is described. Ultrasound detected a huge hypoechoic mass and correlative computed tomography showed a midline, homogeneous, lobulated mass in a man who presented for anuria.
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ranking = 2.5
keywords = seminoma
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3/68. Primary testicular seminoma in a patient with a history of extragonadal non-seminomatous germ cell carcinoma.

    Extragonadal germ cell carcinoma represents between 3% and 5% of all germ cell carcinomas. A metachronous primary germ cell carcinoma is exceedingly rare in these patients. We report the eighth case, which occurred in a 29-year-old man who presented with testicular seminoma 7 years after his initial presentation with extragonadal non-seminomatous germ cell carcinoma. The seven other patients also presented with extragonadal non-seminomatous germ cell carcinoma, followed subsequently by testicular seminoma in 6 patients and non-seminomatous germ cell carcinoma in the seventh. The mean time to presentation was 8 years. Although rare, this case emphasizes the need for long-term surveillance, including testicular evaluation of patients with a history of extragonadal germ cell carcinoma.
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ranking = 6.5
keywords = seminoma
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4/68. Primary retroperitoneal seminoma with utrasonically abnormal testes.

    Primary retroperitoneal seminomas account for approximately 2% of all seminomas. Differentiating the primary retroperitoneal tumor from a metastatic tumor with an occult testicular primary remains difficult despite the availability of ultrasonic examination. We present a case of primary retroperitoneal seminoma with ultrasonically demonstrated abnormalities in both testes. The patient underwent a unilateral orchiectomy and ultrasound-guided biopsy of the opposite testis. All surgical specimens were negative for testis cancer. Controversial issues in the diagnosis and treatment of primary retroperitoneal germ cell tumors are discussed.
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ranking = 3.5
keywords = seminoma
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5/68. Primary retroperitoneal seminoma. Report of a case and review of the literature.

    A large retroperitoneal seminoma in a 42-year-old man is described, which appears to have arisen as a primary tumor at that site. The mechanism for the development of extragonadal germ cell tumors is discussed, and the criteria for their distinction from metastatic occult or regressed testicular neoplasms are re-emphasized. awareness by clinicians of this entity may save individuals with this neoplasm from unnecessary orchiectomy.
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ranking = 2.5
keywords = seminoma
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6/68. Bilateral cryptorchidism with bilateral inguinal hernia and retrovesical mass in an infertile man: single-stage laparoscopic management.

    A 30-year-old married man presented with the complaint of inability to procreate. Examination revealed bilateral nonpalpable testes and bilateral inguinal hernia. ultrasonography of the abdomen could not locate the testis; instead, a hypoechoic 5 x 5-cm mass was found behind the bladder. A CT scan of the abdomen revealed the right testis near the right inguinal canal. The left testis could not be identified beside the soft tissue mass. The patient was taken for diagnostic as well as therapeutic laparoscopy. The testis on the right was found just proximal to the internal inguinal ring, and right orchidopexy was done. The left testis was small and rudimentary; hence, orchidectomy was done. Bilateral laparoscopic herniorrhaphy was carried out with polypropylene mesh by fixing it intracorporeally to the pubic bone, Cooper's ligament, inguinal ligament, and conjoint tendon. Subsequently, the retrovesical mass was excised and retrieved by dilating the umbilical port site. The operative time was 3.5 hours with minimal blood loss. The postoperative period was uneventful, and the patient was discharged after 24 hours. The histopathology examination of the retrovesical mass showed an extragonadal germ cell tumor compatible with seminoma.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = seminoma
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7/68. Spontaneous regression of retroperitoneal metastases from a primary pure anaplastic seminoma: a case report.

    Spontaneous regression of pure seminoma metastases is a rare phenomenon, with only a few cases reported to date. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of regression of anaplastic pure seminoma metastases located in the retroperitoneum. We present a 27-year-old man, a marihuana smoker, with metastatic pure anaplastic seminoma in the high retroperitoneal lymph nodes. After orchiectomy, his metastases regressed with no medication. Several mechanisms are suggested to explain this phenomenon, which still remains elusive.
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ranking = 3.5
keywords = seminoma
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8/68. Electron microscopy of fine-needle aspiration biopsy from extragonadal germ cell tumors.

    We describe five cases of extragonadal germ cell tumor (EGCT) diagnosed by the electron microscope (EM) on cytological material. The clinical diagnosis was incorrect in all cases and EGCT was suspected in two cases; cytological diagnosis by light microscopy confirmed the presence of malignant tumor cells, but did not identify the cytotype/s correctly except in one case. ultrasonography, laparoscopy, and autopsy (in case 3) excluded a primitive germ cell tumor (GCT). histology confirmed the EM diagnosis in all cases. EM, even of scanty or necrotic cytological material, is particularly useful for mediastinal and retroperitoneal masses. In case of EGCT, EM can identify the different cytotypes and the different ultrastructural subcellular cytotypes and demonstrates a close relation between seminomatous and nonseminomatous GCT, which could influence their classification and prognosis.
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ranking = 1
keywords = seminoma
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9/68. Retroperitoneal seminoma secondary to 'burned out' testicular tumor in an acromegalic patient.

    We report a case of an acromegalic patient with a retroperitoneal seminoma secondary to a testicular tumor which had completely disappeared. Testicular ultrasonography did not show any pathological mass and histological examination indicated that the normal testis had been totally replaced by fibrous tissue, without neoplastic cells. Our patient had high levels of growth hormone (GH) and prolactin (PRL), both hormones with high immunostimulating effect, and an increase of interleukin-2 receptor-positive lymphocytes, a finding supporting enhanced immunological activity. Thus, we cannot exclude that the immunological pattern of this acromegalic patient may have played some role in the tumoral destruction.
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ranking = 2.5
keywords = seminoma
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10/68. Retroperitoneal extragonadal germ cell tumor in a patient with Klinefelter's syndrome.

    A 22-year-old man was diagnosed with retroperitoneal seminoma associated with Klinefelter's syndrome. The tumor was 14 x 12 cm in size and surrounded the superior mesenteric artery. He received induction chemotherapy with bleomycin, etoposide and cisplatin (BEP) followed by salvage chemotherapy with paclitaxel, ifosfamide and cisplatin (TIP). The tumor considerably decreased in size and remains as a poorly defined plaque. At the time of writing, he is being followed closely and is free from progression.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = seminoma
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