Cases reported "Retropharyngeal Abscess"

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11/36. Regarding three cases of descending necrotizing mediastinitis: spiral CT assessment.

    Descending necrotizing mediastinitis (DNM) is a rare and life-threatening complication of deep neck space infection which occurs when infection spreads from the deep spaces of the neck, propagating within the soft tissue into the mediastinal spaces. The disease has a high mortality rate due to frequent delay in diagnosis and treatment. Computed tomography (CT) is important in determining the level of infection, showing the presence and extension of fluid collections (with or without gas bubbles) and diffuse soft-tissue infiltration of the mediastinal fat, and indicating the best surgical approach and progress of treatment. Three cases of DNM evaluated with spiral CT from June 1999 to June 2001 are presented.
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12/36. Branchial-cleft sinus presenting with a retropharyngeal abscess for a newborn: a case report.

    A retropharyngeal abscess rarely occurs in the neonate. We report a neonate without apparent trauma who presented with a left neck mass and respiratory distress at the fourth day of age. A lateral neck X-ray revealed a widened retropharyngeal space. A neck computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a space-occupying lesion with air content in the left retropharyngeal area, although direct laryngoscopy, endoscopy, and a pharyngoesophagogram did not demonstrate the presence of any fistula tract. Due to the high index of suspicion for an aero-digestive tract fistula, diluted contrast medium was injected into the cyst while performing a CT-guided aspiration, and opacification was found in the oropharynx, thus a branchial-cleft sinus appeared to be most likely. The follow-up neck CT scan revealed no evidence of any recurrence. We suggest that CT-guided aspiration and cystography are useful for the diagnosis and treatment of some neonatal neck cystic lesions.
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ranking = 2.5
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13/36. salmonella retropharyngeal abscess in a child: case report and literature review.

    retropharyngeal abscess is a rare but serious disease in children. salmonella species are uncommon causative agents of deep neck infections. We present the clinical course of a 10-year-old boy with a retropharyngeal abscess caused by salmonella lomita and review 18 previously published cases.
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14/36. drainage of retro-parapharyngeal abscess: an additional indication for endoscopic sinus surgery.

    Deep neck abscesses are life-threatening conditions, in early stages preferably treated by intravenous antibiotic therapy; in advanced stages, surgical drainage is mandatory. We report two cases of retro-parapharyngeal abscess with prevalent retronasopharyngeal extension in two men aged 60 and 82, both of whom underwent transnasal endoscopic drainage. The main surgical steps were incision of the posterior pharyngeal mucosal wall, widening of the incision, drainage of purulent collection and careful dissection and removal of the necrotic tissue. The first patient, with an abscess associated with chronic otitis media and presenting hypoglossal nerve palsy, quickly recovered from pharyngodinia, otalgia and trismus. Twenty-six months after surgery, he is symptom-free, with hemitongue atrophy due to denervation as the only residual sign. The second patient, affected by skull base osteomyelitis secondary to malignant external otitis, after a first successful drainage, underwent a second endoscopic procedure for the reoccurrence of an abscess in the contralateral retroparapharyngeal space. Twelve months after the first surgery, the patient reported an improvement of symptoms, except for persistent dysphonia related to vagal nerve palsy. At follow-up MR, another abscess was detected in the left retro-parapharyngeal space. In selected cases of abscess, transnasal endoscopic drainage may be an effective alternative to external approaches. Minimal morbidity, the absence of cervical or palatal scars and a short hospitalization time can be considered as important advantages in comparison to external approaches. patients with abscess secondary to skull base osteomyelitis require close imaging surveillance because of the difficulty of definitive control of the disease.
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15/36. Cervical spondylodiscitis from an ingested pin: a case report.

    In the pediatric literature, only 1 case of cervical spondylodiscitis from an ingested foreign body is reported and this was caused by a blunt radiolucent foreign body. The authors now describe a unique case of a 13-year-old teenaged boy who presented with neck pain 6 days after accidental ingestion of a sewing pin. Uncomplicated removal of this pin was followed in 36 days by the development of cervical spondylodiscitis that failed conservative management and required surgical debridement and arthrodesis. physicians should be aware of the possibility of this complication in any patient that presents with neck pain after foreign body ingestion.
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16/36. Right internal carotid pseudoaneurysm mimicking a retropharyngeal abscess in a child.

    A 7-year-old girl with tonsillar infection with antibiotics. Two weeks later, there was a right sided neck lump. Computed tomography scans demonstrated a predominantly hypodense right retropharyngeal area with peripheral enhancement and mass effect. There was intense enhancement within the postero-superior aspect of the lesion which was continuous with the right internal carotid artery. Ultrasound demonstrated tapering of the right internal carotid artery. magnetic resonance imaging and magnetic resonance arteriography showed a right internal carotid artery pseudoaneurysm. Surgical exploration confirmed the finding. This case highlights an unusual presentation of an internal carotid pseudoaneurysm and how imaging provided the diagnosis.
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17/36. retropharyngeal abscess due to methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus in a case of acute myeloid leukemia.

    We describe a case of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) complicated with retropharyngeal abscess (RPA) due to methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in a 56-year-old man. After administration of vancomycin and lavage of the retropharyngeal space with gentamicin, complete resolution of the RPA was observed. Despite their lower frequency, deep neck infections are associated with high mortality rates. The possibility of RPA should be considered in patients who present with fever, dysphagia and limitation of neck extension. Lavage of the retropharyngeal abscess with gentamicin may be optimal in cases of large RPA.
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18/36. Pseudomonas cervical osteomyelitis with retropharyngeal abscess: an unusual complication of otitis media.

    We present the unusual case of a 54-year-old diabetic man with chronic suppurative otitis media, presenting with cervical osteomyelitis and retropharyngeal abscess. This was treated with decompression, debridement and fusion from C2 to C4 with external halo-frame stabilization. pseudomonas aeruginosa was cultured from the ear and the osteomyelitis specimen. Exploration of the left ear showed evidence of mucosal disease, with granulations in the middle ear and oedematous mucosa in the mastoid antrum, but no evidence of dural-plate dehiscence. Haematogenous spread probably led to cervical osteomyelitis and retropharyngeal abscess formation. Cervical osteomyelitis may develop as a rare complication and present as a cause of severe neck pain in patients with otitis media.
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keywords = neck
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19/36. Minimally invasive transoral catheter-assisted drainage of a danger-space infection.

    We report the case of a 3-year-old boy who was brought to the emergency department for evaluation of a prolonged upper respiratory infection and diminished neck movement. Computed tomography identified a unilocular abscess extending from the level of C2 inferiorly to the diaphragm at the level of the T9 vertebral body. We successfully treated this transcervical, transthoracic infection surgically via a transoral approach to the retropharyngeal abscess combined with catheter drainage and irrigation of the abscess cavity at a depth of 13 cm. At 25 months of follow-up, the patient exhibited no evidence of recurrent disease or postsurgical complications. In this article, we describe our minimally invasive technique for managing unusual deep-space neck infections in children.
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keywords = neck
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20/36. retropharyngeal abscess presenting as benign neck pain.

    OBJECTIVE: To present a case of an uncommon presentation of cellulitis of the neck as benign neck pain. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 44-year-old man had severe neck pain and headaches for 2 weeks with an unknown cause. Minimal response to chiropractic treatment leads to coordination of treatment with the patient's primary care physician. Laboratory assessment and magnetic resonance imaging initially were viewed as insignificant but were repeated and showed a retropharyngeal abscess. INTERVENTION AND OUTCOME: chiropractic treatment did not reduce the patient's neck pain as expected. Fusion of C1 to C2 was eventually performed. CONCLUSION: neck pain is a common reason for patients to seek chiropractic care. This case shows an uncommon differential diagnosis for a patient who does not respond quickly to chiropractic treatment for neck pain.
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ranking = 4.5
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