Cases reported "Retropharyngeal Abscess"

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1/8. Pott's disease of the lower cervical spine in a diabetic patient.

    Over the last few years, tuberculosis has steadily been returning to the worlds attention as a major health threat. The spinal localization of tuberculosis (Pott's disease) represents around 1% of the case histories, in 3-5% of which there is cervical involvement. diabetes mellitus increases the risk of infectious disease and predisposes to tuberculosis. Here, a rare case is presented of Pott's disease in the lower cervical spine, associated with retropharyngeal abscess in a diabetic patient. The aim of this study is to emphasize the importance of early diagnosis in such patients, so that adequate pharmacological and/or surgical treatment can be initiated to avoid serious complications.
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ranking = 1
keywords = tuberculosis, spinal
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2/8. Systematic safety follow up in a cohort of 107 patients with spondyloarthropathy treated with infliximab: a new perspective on the role of host defence in the pathogenesis of the disease?

    BACKGROUND: Recent studies with infliximab indicate the therapeutic potential of tumour necrosis factor alpha blockade in spondyloarthropathy (SpA). Because defective host defence is implicated in the pathogenesis of SpA, the potential side effects of this treatment due to impact on the antimicrobial defence are a major concern. OBJECTIVE: To report systematically the adverse events seen in a large cohort of patients with SpA treated with infliximab, with special attention to bacterial infections. patients AND methods: 107 patients with SpA were treated with infliximab for a total of 191.5 patient years. All serious and/or treatment related adverse events were reported. RESULTS: Eight severe infections occurred, including two reactivations of tuberculosis and three retropharyngeal abscesses, and six minor infections with clear bacterial focus. One patient developed a spinocellular carcinoma of the skin. No cases of demyelinating disease or lupus-like syndrome were seen. Two patients had an infusion reaction, which, however, did not relapse during the next infusion. Finally, three patients with ankylosing spondylitis developed palmoplantar pustulosis. All patients recovered completely with adequate treatment, and infliximab treatment had to be stopped in only five patients with severe infections. CONCLUSIONS: Although the global safety of infliximab in SpA is good compared with previous reports in rheumatoid arthritis and Crohn's disease, the occurrence of infections such as tuberculosis and retropharyngeal abscesses highlights the importance of careful screening and follow up. Focal nasopharyngeal infections and infection related symptoms, possibly induced by streptococci, occurred frequently, suggesting an impairment of specific host defence mechanisms in SpA.
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ranking = 0.65925898084803
keywords = tuberculosis
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3/8. Delayed reconstruction by titanium mesh-bone graft composite in pyogenic spinal infection: a long-term follow-up study.

    OBJECTIVE: Use of instrumentation in spinal osteomyelitis remains controversial because of the perceived risk of persistent infection related to a devitalized graft and spinal hardware. Particularly, limited information is available regarding the long-term follow-up of patients. We retrospectively reviewed the use of titanium mesh-bone graft composite after corpectomy in pyogenic spinal infection with a minimum 3-year follow-up outcome. methods: Four patients, two men and two women, with cervical and thoracic myelopathy caused by cervical (two cases) and thoracic (two cases) osteomyelitis and epidural abscess, were treated. Their age ranged from 49 to 74 years (mean age 58 years). In one case, the coexisting medical condition was diabetes. Neurologic deficits caused by direct spinal cord compression due to epidural abscess, segmental deformity, and instability were observed in all cases. After infection was clinically controlled by intravenous antibiotics, anterior debridement and fusion using titanium mesh cage along with anterior plate were performed. Two-stage treatment was performed in two cases. RESULTS: The postoperative course was uneventful; all patients experienced relief of symptoms. No evidence of recurrence or residual infection was observed in any patient during the average follow-up period of 42-56 months (average 49.0 months). CONCLUSIONS: Once infection is clinically controlled, a titanium mesh-bone graft composite and plate in combination with aggressive debridement might provide an effective therapy for spinal osteomyelitis requiring surgery. Despite studying a small number of patients, we can conclude that titanium mesh reconstruction can be useful as a surgical method in selected low-risk patients with vertebral osteomyelitis.
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ranking = 0.10000375855154
keywords = spinal
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4/8. Asymptomatic retropharyngeal abscess related to cervical Pott's disease.

    Pott's disease is an uncommon manifestation of tuberculosis, which usually involves thoracic or lumbar vertebrae. The body of the vertebrae is most severely affected and a compression fracture is an almost inevitable consequence of the disease. A paravertabral abscess generally accompanies vertebral involvement. Tenderness over the involved vertebrae, weakness of the related muscles, and paraesthesia are the usual symptoms. In this article, we report a case of cervical Pott's disease presenting mainly with neurologic symptoms such as weakness, pain, numbness of both arms and hands, and an asymptomatic retropharyngeal abscess.
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ranking = 0.32962949042402
keywords = tuberculosis
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5/8. Cervical spine epidural abscess in a patient with no predisposing risk factors.

    We report a case of cervical spine epidural abscess in a 50-year-old man with a 4-day history of neck pain but no neurologic deficits or fever. The patient had no predisposing risk factors such as recent spinal surgery, trauma, instrumentation, distal site of infection, immunosuppression, diabetes, or i.v. drug abuse. A review of the literature follows.
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ranking = 0.011111528727949
keywords = spinal
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6/8. retropharyngeal abscess associated with tuberculosis of the cervical spine.

    A rare case of retropharyngeal abscess in association with tuberculosis of the upper cervical spine is presented. The disease was associated with tuberculosis of the sternum. The onset was insidious. fever, neck pain, dysphagia and hoarseness of voice were the presenting features. Conservative treatment with anti-tuberculosis drugs resulted in good outcome. The case is discussed and pertinent literature is reviewed.
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ranking = 2.3074064329681
keywords = tuberculosis
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7/8. Retropharyngeal and epidural abscess from a swallowed fish bone.

    retropharyngeal abscess is not uncommon, but the incidence of epidural extension of a retropharyngeal abscess is very rare. Intraspinal involvement of the deep neck infection should be suspected if the patient has neurologic deficits. Emergent surgical drainage and aggressive antibiotic treatment are necessary. The outcome is strongly associated with the level of neurologic function at the time of diagnosis. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography is an excellent diagnostic method for any deep neck infection. A case is presented in which a perforating pharyngeal foreign body (fish bone) induced a retropharyngeal and epidural abscess. The literature is reviewed to improve the early recognition and treatment of this complication of deep neck infection.
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ranking = 0.011111528727949
keywords = spinal
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8/8. retropharyngeal abscess: a clinical review.

    Retropharyngeal abscesses are uncommon but potentially lethal infections, especially in the paediatric population under the age of five years. Abscesses in this group are classically secondary to upper respiratory infections especially oropharyngeal infections, while in the adult group they are usually secondary to trauma, foreign bodies, or as a complication of dental infections. early diagnosis and the wide spread use of antibiotics have made these infections less common today. Between the years 1985-1996, 19 cases of retropharyngeal abscesses were treated in our department. Factors such as age, sex, aetiology, presenting signs, symptoms, methods of diagnosis, treatment and complications were reviewed. Thirty-two per cent of the cases were secondary trauma. A lateral neck film showing widening of the prevertebral space was the most important diagnostic tool, computed tomography (CT) scan was used in 63 per cent of cases to verify the signs of an abscess and to provide more accurate anatomical localization. Thirteen cases required surgical drainage. The single most commonly-isolated pathogen was streptococcus pyogenes. There were no deaths and only one recurrence requiring repeated surgical drainage. One case was complicated by a spinal canal abscess. We also report two cases of retropharyngeal abscess in children caused by swallowing of unusual foreign bodies.
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ranking = 0.011111528727949
keywords = spinal
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