Cases reported "Rhabdomyosarcoma"

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11/202. Primary cardiac rhabdomyosarcoma of the left atrium: an unusual presentation.

    rhabdomyosarcoma accounts for almost 20% of all primary malignant neoplasms of the heart. These tumors usually arise from the ventricular walls. In adult patients, they sometimes arise from the atrial walls and mimic atrioventricular valve stenosis. We describe a case of left atrial rhabdomyosarcoma that presented as severe mitral stenosis and required emergency surgery. The atrial mass was detected by transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography, but only histopathology confirmed the nature of the lesion. Although rhabdomyosarcomas of the heart are highly lethal, operation is indicated for emergency cases, in order to clarify the diagnosis, relieve symptoms, and improve short-term survival.
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ranking = 1
keywords = neoplasm
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12/202. Unusual second malignancies following radiation therapy: subcutaneous pleomorphic rhabdomyosarcoma and cutaneous melanoma. Two case reports.

    BACKGROUND: Among nonepithelial second neoplasms which are known to be induced by irradiation, rhabdomyosarcomas are extremely rare, and melanomas are infrequent. We report a high-grade sarcoma with rhabdomyoblastic differentiation, which appeared 30 years after megavoltage irradiation for an endometrial adenocarcinoma, and a malignant melanoma which arose after 6 years in the irradiation field of a fibrosarcoma. methods: histology and immunohistochemistry were performed in both cases. In the first case, electron microscopy was also performed. In the second, the previous tumor was re-evaluated. RESULTS: The first case showed histological, immunohistochemical and ultrastructural features of a rhabdomyosarcoma. In the second case, a lentigoid malignant melanoma was histologically and immunohistochemically demonstrated, whereas the previously resected tumor was a fibrosarcoma negative to melanoma markers. CONCLUSIONS: Rare cases of rhabdomyosarcomas and melanomas are induced by irradiation, although in some cases other factors (i.e., genetic risk, chemotherapy) may have a prominent etiopathogenetic role in their development. A close follow-up and a careful examination of the irradiated area should facilitate an early diagnosis of these aggressive postradiation second neoplasms.
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ranking = 2
keywords = neoplasm
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13/202. Colonic carcinoma after ureterosigmoidostomy.

    Urinary carcinogens promote late malignant transformation of the colon after a ureterosigmoidostomy. An unusual case is presented where, despite the early removal of the latter and hence cessation of urine flow, a colonic carcinoma developed at the site of previous anastomosis. The importance of surveillance of all patients who have undergone this procedure to avoid an iatrogenic cancer is emphasised.
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ranking = 0.097346087840555
keywords = cancer
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14/202. Colorectal adenocarcinoma as a second malignant neoplasm following rhabdomyosarcoma of the urinary bladder: a case report.

    Following improvements in therapy for childhood malignancies, the striking increase in survival rate over the past 30 years has led to the increase risk of developing second malignant neoplasms (SMNs). We report a case of colorectal carcinoma as a SMN, following treatment for rhabdomyosarcoma. The patient was diagnosed with rhabdomyosarcoma of the urinary bladder at his age of three years, and developed adenocarcinoma in the colon 13 years later. Histologic examination of the surgical specimen revealed adenocarcinoma involving the rectosigmoid area with radiation colitis in its background. The tumor cells showed strong immunoreactivity for p53 protein, suggesting the role of irradiation and p53 mutation in carcinogenesis. This case emphasizes the need for dose observation in survivors of early childhood malignancies treated with radiation and multiagent chemotherapy.
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ranking = 5
keywords = neoplasm
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15/202. Indication for epidural morphine for the relief of intractable pain in advanced oral cancer: report of four cases.

    It can be difficult to manage the pain of advanced oral cancer. We present four patients in whom epidural morphine was used for intractable pain at primary or metastatic sites. For pain supplied by the trigeminal or cervical nerve a small dose of morphine was given through an epidural catheter inserted into the epidural space through C7-Th1. A favourable clinical response was achieved in three. In particular, in one patient who was given continuous morphine using a computerized ambulatory drug delivery system, we achieved excellent efficacy and stable control of pain. We think that the effect of the epidural morphine was decreased in the patient who did not respond because he had previously been treated with high oral doses. The present study confirmed that morphine given epidurally in small doses has a strong and prolonged analgesic action with less toxicity than when given orally.
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ranking = 0.48673043920278
keywords = cancer
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16/202. adult rhabdomyoma of the extremity: a case report and review of the literature.

    The adult rhabdomyoma is a rare, benign skeletal muscle neoplasm that usually occurs in the head and neck. A case report of an adult rhabdomyoma arising in the thigh is presented with a review of the literature. This is the first case of an extremity adult rhabdomyoma to be reported. It is also the largest at 13 centimeters. Distinction from a highly differentiated rhabdomyosarcoma is important. Recent chromosomal studies suggest that the adult rhabdomyoma is a true neoplasm. Total resection is curative but the lesion may recur if incompletely excised.
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ranking = 2
keywords = neoplasm
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17/202. Intrasellar rhabdomyosarcoma: case report.

    OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: There has been only one reported case of an intrasellar rhabdomyosarcoma, the origin of which was in the para-nasal sinus. The authors encountered a patient with an intrasellar rhabdomyosarcoma with no evidence of tumor at any additional sites. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 28-year-old otherwise healthy man complaining of headache exhibited left abducent nerve palsy and left visual disturbance. The patient was diagnosed as having a sellar tumor invading the left cavernous sinus. INTERVENTION: Near total removal of the tumor was achieved via a trans-sphenoidal approach. Histologically, the tumor was composed of small, round-to-elongated undifferentiated cells and large spindle cells with myoblastic features. Immunohistochemically, tumor cells were positive for antibodies against desmin, myoglobin, and alpha-smooth muscle actin. The tumor was identified as an embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma on the basis of the above pathological findings. Systemic investigation, including the nasal and para-nasal regions, failed to detect any additional tumors. Postoperative local radiation therapy and chemotherapy with the use of ifosfamide, etoposide, and vincristine brought about complete initial remission. CONCLUSION: rhabdomyosarcoma should be considered in the differential diagnosis of a primary intrasellar neoplasm.
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ranking = 1
keywords = neoplasm
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18/202. Small bowel perforation caused by metastasis from an extra-abdominal malignancy: report of three cases.

    Small bowel perforation is rarely caused by metastasis from an extra-abdominal malignancy. This report describes three cases of small bowel perforation that occurred secondary to a metastatic tumor. The first case involved a 72-year-old man with malignant lymphoma of the larynx that had been treated with chemo- and radiation therapy; the second involved a 70-year-old man with rhabdomyosarcoma of the mediastinum that had been treated with radiation therapy; and the third involved a 41-year-old man with lung carcinoma that had been treated with surgery 10 months prior to perforation. Each patient presented with acute abdominal pain, had X-ray findings of free air in the abdomen, and underwent limited emergency surgery. Wedge resection and closure of the ileum was performed for the first patient and partial bowel resection with the creation of an intestinal stoma was performed for the second and third patients. In each case, the histologic findings of the resected specimens were consistent with the extra-abdominal primary tumors. Although the patients recovered sufficiently to begin eating and moving about, all three died of cancer or cancer-related complications within 45 days of surgery. We conclude that surgeons should be aware of the poor prognosis of such patients and perform only the minimal surgery required.
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ranking = 0.19469217568111
keywords = cancer
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19/202. Two cases of metastases to the breast on MR mammography.

    We report appearance of two cases of metastases to the breast on MR mammography. Metastasis from cervical cancer displayed a hypointense tumor with a central area of high signal intensity on T2-weighted images and rapid annular enhancement with persistent central contrast enhancement. The metastases from rhabdomyosarcoma were characterized by multiple tumors with high signal intensity on T2-weighted images and fast annular contrast enhancement. We show unusual malignant breast lesions for possible identification in dynamic MR mammography.
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ranking = 0.097346087840555
keywords = cancer
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20/202. Pleuropulmonary blastoma: an aggressive intrathoracic neoplasm of childhood.

    A case of a 4-year-old girl with pleuropulmonary blastoma is reported. Surgical resection of the tumor was performed and histologic examination revealed pleuropulmonary blastoma with rhabdomyosarcomatous differentiation. Postoperative chemotherapy was administered and 3 weeks after initiation of treatment protocol a second site of lesion in the retroperitoneum was revealed with extension to the mediastinum, which shared similar mesenchymal neoplastic characteristics to the previously diagnosed primary lesion. The girl died 4 1/2 months after initial evidence of disease because of brain metastasis, indicating a very aggressive neoplasm unresponsive to treatment.
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ranking = 5
keywords = neoplasm
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