Cases reported "Rhabdomyosarcoma"

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1/1001. Primitive neuroectodermal tumor in sinonasal region.

    An elderly woman having a nasal tumor diagnosed as alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma was referred to our hospital. Histological reexamination of the patient revealed that the tumor was composed of lobules of compactly arranged small round atypical cells. The atypical cells contained large oval to round vesicular nuclei, and scanty cytoplasm showing PAS positive glycogen material. The tumor cells were immunohistochemically positive for NSE, S-100 protein and vimentin, but showed negative reaction for myoglobin, desmin, EMA, keratin, LCA, chromogranin and MIC2. Ultrastructurally, the tumor cells contained a few cluster of glycogen particles and less organellae and filaments, and there were no cytoplasmic processes, neurosecretory granules or neurofilaments. Pathological findings suggested primitive neuroectodermal tumor resembling extraskeletal Ewing's sarcoma, but negative reaction for MIC2 immunohistochemically could not ascertain the diagnosis. Location of the tumor and age of the patient of the present case were unusual. ( info)

2/1001. Cytogenetic study of a spindle-cell rhabdomyosarcoma of the parotid gland.

    The cytogenetic analysis of a spindle-cell rhabdomyosarcoma of the parotid gland in a 6-year-old boy is reported. The tumor cells showed an abnormal karyotype with a hypotriploid modal chromosome number and clonal structural rearrangements affecting chromosomes 1, 8, 12, 21, and 22. The tumor karyotype was: 59, XY, -1, -3, -4, -5, -6, 8, 8, del(8)(q22q24), -9, -10, del(12)(q13), -15, -16, -17, -18, der(21)t(12;21)(p11;p11), -22, der(22)t(1;22)(q12;p11). ( info)

3/1001. A case report of gastric carcinosarcoma with rhabdomyosarcomatous and neuroendocrinal differentiation.

    We report herein an unusual gastric carcinosarcoma with rhabdomyosarcomatous and neuroendocrinal differentiation in a 63-year-old Japanese male. The tumor was a pedunculated large polypoid tumor (7 x 6.5 x 3.5 cm) located in the pylorus. Histologically, it invaded to the subserosa and was composed of both adenocarcinomatous and sarcomatous components. Adenocarcinomatous foci generally showed tubular to solid patterns and occupied the parts facing the gastric lumen, while the sarcomatous components showed a generally irregular and solid arrangement. There were transitions between the sarcomatous and carcinoma elements. In addition, carcinoma cells with a cord-like or trabecular arrangement similar to that seen in endocrine carcinoma expressed chromogranin a, and were mainly observed in an intermediate area between the adenocarcinomatous and sarcomatous foci. The sarcomatous areas were mainly composed of spindle cells and occasionally contained a sarcomatous component showing rhabdomyosarcomatous differentiation. This is an interesting case to consider how the variety of cell type appeared in such a type of tumor in the stomach. ( info)

4/1001. Differential diagnosis of metastases in bone scans: chemotherapy induced bone necrosis.

    AIM: Influenced by the incorrect diagnosis of a bone metastasis caused by bone necrosis we evaluated reasons and frequency of bone necrosis in patients referred for bone scanning in follow-up of tumors. methods: Bone scans performed within two years on patients with primary bone tumors or tumors metastatic to bone were reviewed in respect to the final diagnosis bone necrosis. RESULTS: We found the cases of three young patients who presented the appearance of hot spots on bone scintigrams which were finally diagnosed as bone necrosis. In two cases the diagnosis was based on histological findings, in one case the diagnosis was made evident by follow-up. All the three patients had been treated by chemotherapy and presented no other reason for the development of bone necrosis. Enhanced tracer uptake in all sites decreased within eight weeks up to two years without therapy. CONCLUSION: Single and multiple hot spots after chemotherapy may be originated by bone necrosis but mimicry metastases. ( info)

5/1001. radium-induced malignant tumors of the mastoid and paranasal sinuses.

    In the records of 5,058 persons with therapeutic or occupational exposure to radium, 21 patients with carcinoma of the mastoid and 11 with malignant tumors of the paranasal sinuses were identified. Tumor induction times were 21-50 years for mastoid tumors (median, 33) and 19-52 years for paranasal sinus tumors (median, 34). Dosimetric data are given for the patients whose body burdens of radium have been measured. We found a high proportion of mucoepidermoid carcinoma, comprising 38% of the mastoid and 36% of the paranasal sinus tumors. Three patients had antecedent bone sarcoma at 20, 11, and 5 years, respectively, and a bone sarcoma was discovered at autopsy in a fourth patient. Radiographic changes in the mastoid and paranasal sinuses were similar to those seen in nonradium malignant tumors. More than 800 known persons exposed to radium before 1930 and another group of unknown size who received radium water or injections of radium from physicians are still alive and at risk of developing malignant tumors of the mastoid and paranasal sinuses. ( info)

6/1001. Sarcoma botryoides arising from the biliary tract of children. A case report with review of the literature.

    Sarcoma botryoides (embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma) originating from the common bile duct is reported in a 4-year-old girl. Grossly, the tumor is characterized by multiple polypoid and grape-like projections into the lumen of the common bile duct and shows plate-like thickening of the common bile duct wall. On multiple cut-sections these polypoid masses are soft and light yellow white except for multifocal hemorrhage. Histologically the tumor consists of undifferentiated mesenchymal cells with a myxomatous appearance; rhabdomyoblasts with varing degree of maturation are scattered here and there within the matrix. These cells are characterized by a strap and racket shape with abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm and elongated cytoplasm with cross striations. The histogenesis of the tumor may be related possibly to an abnormal differentiation of the primitive mesenchymal cells toward striated muscle cells. ( info)

7/1001. bone marrow metastases in disseminated alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma: case report with ultrastructural study and review.

    A case of desseminated alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma in an 18-year-old male with leuco-erythroblastic anaemia is described. Numerous bizarre malignant cells, including frequent multinucleated giant cells, were seen in bone marrow aspirates, and osteolytic lesions appeared late in the clinical course. The primary site of the neoplasm remained undertermined during life and also at necropsy, which revealed minute pulmonary metastases and extensive lymph nodal, pleural and skeletal deposits. The diagnosis was confirmed on necropsy tissue by ultrastructural examination which demonstrated numerous thin (5 nm) and thick (15 nm) intracytoplasmic filaments in tumour cells, sometimes organized in bundles; scattered dense Z-band-like bodies, and rod-shaped structures were also seen. The fine structure of the rhabdomyosarcoma in the present case is compared with previous ultrastructural studies. Elongated, thick intracytoplasmic filaments whose diameter corresponds to that of myosin myofilaments are strong evidence for rhabdomyoblastic differentiation and are considered to be the sine qua non of a positive electron microscopic diagnosis of rhabdomyosarcoma. Orgaized bundles of filaments and Z-band-like dense bodies are usually present, and rod-shaped structures are found infrequently, but none of these are necessary for the ultrastructural diagnosis. ( info)

8/1001. Sudden death after a cold drink: case report.

    We report a case of sudden cardiac death in a 12-year-old boy after rapid ingestion of a frozen slurry drink. The cause of death was determined to be a cardiac arrhythmia secondary to a previously undiagnosed cardiac rhabdomyoma with associated myocardial scarring. Ingestion of cold liquids has been associated with syncope, but not sudden cardiac death. In this case, bradycardia induced by cold-induced vasovagal reflex may have precipitated the terminal arrhythmia. Ingestion of cold liquids should be considered a potential trigger for fatal cardiac arrhythmias in patients with underlying heart disease. ( info)

9/1001. Cervical epidural rhabdomyosarcoma with a leukemia-like presentation in an aged patient--case report.

    A 77-year-old female presented with rhabdomyosarcoma manifesting as leukemia-like indications. Neuroimagings detected cervical and paravertebral masses. Immunohistochemical study of the surgically excised mass lesion from the cervical spine established the correct diagnosis. This leukemia-like presentation of rhabdomyosarcoma requires a multidisciplinary approach to establish the correct diagnosis and treatment. ( info)

10/1001. Pancreatic metastasis of cardiac rhabdomyosarcoma diagnosed by fine needle aspiration. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: Fine needle aspiration (FNA) is a valuable technique in the diagnosis of soft tissue tumors or their metastases. CASE REPORT: A rhabdomyosarcoma of the left atrium with metastasis to the pancreas was diagnosed by FNA in a 74-year-old female. The patient presented with dyspnea, weight loss and generalized weakness and was found to have a cardiac arrhythmia. magnetic resonance imaging showed a 9-cm mass in the left atrium and anterior mediastinum. Computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen revealed a 2.8-cm nodule within the head of the pancreas. The patient underwent CT-guided percutaneous aspiration biopsy of the pancreatic mass on the first hospital day and, on the second day, transvenous FNA biopsy of the intracardiac mass. The cytologic morphology and immunocytochemistry of the aspirated material from both sites established a diagnosis of cardiac rhabdomysarcoma with metastasis to the pancreas. CONCLUSION: This is the fifth reported case of rhabdomysarcoma metastatic to the pancreas and the first in which the diagnosis was made by FNA, thereby eliminating the need for open biopsy. ( info)
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