Cases reported "Rhinitis"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/62. Facial dermatitis, contact urticaria, rhinoconjunctivitis, and asthma induced by potato.

    BACKGROUND: Potato contains multiple heat-labile proteins which can induce immediate hypersensitivity reactions. Rhino-conjunctivitis, asthma, contact urticaria and protein contact dermatitis have been described in association with potato exposure. OBJECTIVE: A patient with possible airborne facial dermatitis to potato is described. RESULTS: A middle-aged atopic housewife with pre-existent atopic dermatitis suffered from rhino-conjunctivitis, asthma, and contact urticaria when pealing raw potatoes, but her main complaint was intense, treatment-resistant dermatitis of the face. The investigations showed a positive prick test, a positive patch test, and positive specific serum IgE to raw potato. Potato avoidance led not only to the resolution of the immediate symptoms, but also of the facial dermatitis, suggesting she had dermatitis due to this vegetable. CONCLUSIONS: Potato may induce contact dermatitis with positive immediate and delayed hypersensitivity tests.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = asthma
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/62. Occupational asthma caused by champignon flies.

    BACKGROUND: Occupational bronchial asthma in mushroom (champignon) workers is unusual, although reports on it appeared in 1938 and 1951; we have not found any others since those dates. Here we report the case of a 52-year-old man who works as a champignon cultivator. He suffered rhinoconjunctivitis and asthma attacks whenever he entered the champignon culture caves. We studied flies as a possible antigen source. We collected these insects from the growing sites in order to identify them, and then prepare an extract; the samples turned out to be of two families of insects of the order diptera, 98% from the Phoridae family (Brachycera suborder) and 2% from the Sciaridae (Nematocera suborder). methods: Skin prick tests, conjunctival provocation tests, serum specific IgE, specific IgE-binding fractions in immunoblotting, and monitoring of PEFR (at work and off work) were performed. RESULTS: IgE-mediated hypersensitivity to these flies was demonstrated by skin prick test, conjunctival provocation test, serum specific IgE, and IgE-binding fractions in immunoblotting. Monitoring of PEFR both at work and off work showed a clear relationship between symptoms, or fall in PEFR, and the workplace. CONCLUSIONS: We report the case of a patient suffering from asthma and rhinoconjunctivitis caused by hypersensitivity to fly proteins.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1.1666666666667
keywords = asthma
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/62. Rhinoconjunctivitis and asthma provoked by Asticot maggots.

    Asticot maggots are used as bait by anglers fishing the rivers, reservoirs and coastal waters of spain. We report the case of a male patient, a keen angler, who used this bait on weekends and suffered allergic reactions that affected his conjunctiva and respiratory system for years. Other baits (earthworms, Eisemia foetida) did not elicit this reaction. In order to confirm the allergic reaction, we used maggots in vivo in the Prick Test, obtaining a positive reaction in 15 to 30 minutes. The patient also had an allergic reaction to house dust mites in prick test. To a lesser extent, he also was sensitive to certain grass pollens (Lollium perenne) and seafood (prawns and squid).
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.66666666666667
keywords = asthma
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/62. Allergy to an occupational allergen (Sapelli wood) in a child.

    The case is presented of a child who developed rhinoconjunctivitis, angioedema and asthma by sensitization to Sapelli wood, which was used in his father's carpentry. Positive skin-prick test, high levels of specific immunoglobulin e by ELISA and a positive conjunctival challenge test suggest a type I hypersensitivity mechanism to this wood. This is the first case report of sensitization to Sapelli wood and it confirms that occupational allergen exposure as Sapelli wood may also cause sensitization in a child.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.16666666666667
keywords = asthma
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/62. An outbreak of respiratory diseases among workers at a water-damaged building--a case report.

    We describe a military hospital building with severe, repeated and enduring water and mold damage, and the symptoms and diseases found among 14 persons who were employed at the building. The exposure of the employees was evaluated by measuring the serum immunoglobulin g (IgG)-antibodies against eight spieces of mold and yeast common in Finnish water and mold damaged buildings and by sampling airborne viable microbes within the hospital. The most abundant spieces was Sporobolomyces salmonicolor. All but one of the employees reported some building-related symptoms, the most common being a cough which was reported by nine subjects. Four new cases of asthma, confirmed by S. salmonicolor inhalation provocation tests, one of whom was also found to have alveolitis, were found among the hospital personnel. In addition, seven other workers with newly diagnosed rhinitis reacted positively in nasal S. salmonicolor provocation tests. Skin prick tests by Sporobolomyces were negative among all 14 workers. Exposure of the workers to mold and yeast in the indoor air caused an outbreak of occupational diseases, including asthma, rhinitis and alveolitis. The diseases were not immunoglobulin e (IgE)-mediated but might have been borne by some other, as yet unexplained, mechanism.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.33333333333333
keywords = asthma
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/62. asthma and rhinitis induced by exposure to raw green beans and chards.

    BACKGROUND: Although the vast majority of IgE-mediated allergic reactions to foods occurs through ingestion, a few cases of unexpected allergic reactions to foods may occur through the exposure to airborne food allergen particles. methods: case reports. Skin prick tests and serum-specific IgE (CAP-FEIA) were used to identify specific IgE antibodies. bronchial provocation tests were performed to determine the clinical relevance of inhaled exposure to raw and cooked green beans and raw chards. After demonstrating specific reactivity to them, SDS-PAGE and immunoblotting of raw and cooked green beans were carried out to identify relevant antigens. RESULTS: Three women developed bronchial asthma and rhinitis after exposure to raw green beans, and one of them also when exposed to raw chards. All women tolerated ingestion of green beans. patients reported multiple episodes while handling these vegetables for cooking activities. Allergy to green beans and chards was demonstrated by skin testing and serum-specific IgE. Bronchial challenge test with these allergens showed positive responses to raw, but not cooked, green beans and chards. Oral food challenges with green beans (raw and cooked) and chards were negative in all patients. In order to further characterize the allergenic components of these extracts, SDS-PAGE and electroblotting studies were also performed. Immunoblots of raw and cooked green beans extract showed two IgE-binding bands with apparent molecular weights of 41.1 and 70.6 kD. Interestingly, a 47-kD IgE-binding protein was detected only in raw green bean extracts. CONCLUSIONS: We report three patients who developed asthma and rhinitis caused by exposure to raw, but not to cooked, green beans and chards in a non-occupational environment. Only minor differences of IgE reactivity between nitrocellulose-blotted raw and boiled green bean extract were found.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.33333333333333
keywords = asthma
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/62. A teenager with an annoying cough.

    Chronic cough is a stressful condition and can lead to extensive investigations. Bronchial asthma and postnasal drip syndrome are common causes, but sometimes the origin of cough is outside the respiratory tract (1,2). Such a relatively simple test as esophageal pH probing may suggest appropriate (antireflux) therapy.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.16666666666667
keywords = asthma
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/62. Subcutaneous nodules following treatment with aluminium-containing allergen extracts.

    We describe two patients who developed multiple itching nodules following immunization with vaccines adsorbed on aluminium hydroxide. Both patients had been treated with vaccines for extrinsic asthma and rhinitis for 4 and 10 years respectively. The lesions were persistent and lasted for several years. Histopathological findings were those of a foreign body reaction. Aluminium was most probably involved in the pathogenesis of these lesions because its presence could be demonstrated in macrophages using energy-dispersive X-ray microanalysis. Although some symptomatic relief was achieved with topical corticosteroids and oral antihistamines, treatment was unsuccessful.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.16666666666667
keywords = asthma
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/62. Opiate-sensitivity: clinical characteristics and the role of skin prick testing.

    BACKGROUND: The value of skin prick testing in opiate-sensitive individuals is uncertain as opiates cause non-specific weals by direct degranulation of mast cells. OBJECTIVE: To define whether skin prick test (SPT) responses to opiates in opiate-sensitive individuals are different to those seen in the normal population and to describe the clinical characteristics of this group of subjects. methods: The SPT responses of eight opiate-sensitive subjects to morphine 10 mg/mL, pethidine (meperidine) 50 mg/mL and papaveretum 15.4 mg/mL at four different concentrations (undiluted, 1/10, 1/50 and 1/100) were compared with the responses of 100 (32 atopic) non-opiate-sensitive control subjects. Four of the opiate-sensitive subjects had a clinical history of asthma, rhinitis or urticaria on occupational exposure to morphine. One subject developed urticaria with codeine, one developed urticaria and asthma with morphine and diamorphine and two subjects reacted to intravenous papaveretum with anaphylaxis or urticaria. Five out of the eight cases had opiate sensitivity confirmed by single-blind placebo-controlled oral challenge. RESULTS: Skin prick tests to all three opiates were not significantly different when the eight opiate-sensitive subjects were compared with either the entire normal control group or the subgroup of 47 definite opiate-tolerant controls that had previously received opiates for clinical indications. Furthermore, there were no significant differences in size of opiate SPT responses between atopic and non-atopic control subjects. In the control subjects, there was a positive correlation in SPT weal size between the three opiates. CONCLUSION: Skin prick testing is not useful in the diagnosis of opiate sensitivity and placebo-controlled challenge should be considered.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.33333333333333
keywords = asthma
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/62. Fish allergy in atopic children.

    The prevalence of fish allergy among 11 atopic children with elevated levels of specific immunoglobulin (Ig) E for cod was determined. None of the children had a history of fish allergy. All of the children had asthma and allergic rhinitis and 5 of them had also atopic dermatitis. The children underwent allergy skin tests (codfish, tuna, catfish, salmon, flounder, and bass), specific IgE tests (salmon, trout, tuna, eel, and mackerel), and food challenge tests. skin tests in cod-specific IgE-positive children were positive for codfish in 4 children, tuna in 2, catfish in 2, salmon in 6, flounder in one, and bass in 2. Three children had elevated specific IgE for salmon, 5 for trout, 8 for tuna, 4 for eel, and 4 for mackerel. Oral fish challenge with 10 g of fish did not result in positive reaction in any of the children. In conclusion, a positive food challenge test provided the only definitive confirmation of fish allergy, whereas positive allergy skin tests or positive specific IgE tests were less reliable. skin tests and in vitro specific IgE assays were not correlated with clinical symptoms of fish allergy, and the results of these 2 tests did not correlate with each other in this study.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.16666666666667
keywords = asthma
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Rhinitis'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.