Cases reported "Rib Fractures"

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1/2. Thoracic paravertebral block: radiological evidence of contralateral spread anterior to the vertebral bodies.

    We report contralateral spread of contrast medium anterior to the vertebral bodies after injection of contrast through a thoracic paravertebral catheter that was used to manage pain in a patient with multiple fractured ribs. We review the literature and propose that the anatomical basis for this observation is spread in the extrapleural compartment of the thoracic paravertebral space along the subserous fascial plane.
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ranking = 1
keywords = block
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2/2. Thoracic paravertebral block for management of pain associated with multiple fractured ribs in patients with concomitant lumbar spinal trauma.

    BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The need for continual neurological assessment in patients with lumbar spinal injury poses a challenge for effective management of pain associated with multiple fractured ribs. Two cases are presented to illustrate the benefits of using thoracic paravertebral block to control the pain of multiple fractured ribs without compromising the ongoing neurological assessment. CASE REPORT: Thoracic paravertebral block was used in 2 patients with concomitant multiple fractured ribs and lumbar spinal injury. Case 2 also had a head injury and there was moderate coagulopathy. The thoracic paravertebral catheter was placed in the upper thoracic region and radiological imaging was used to delineate spread before the injection of relatively small volumes (10 to 15 mL) of local anesthetic. In case 1, the thoracic paravertebral block produced ipsilateral segmental thoracic anesthesia, providing excellent pain relief for the fractured ribs. It also spared the lumbar and sacral nerve roots, preserving neurological function in the lower extremities and bladder sensation. In case 2, effective analgesia without systemic sedation and opioids resulted in the patient regaining consciousness, which allowed continuous assessment of central and peripheral neurological function. CONCLUSION: Thoracic paravertebral block is an option for managing pain associated with multiple fractured ribs in the presence of concomitant lumbar spinal injury requiring continual neurological assessment.
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ranking = 2.0041455642319
keywords = block, nerve
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