Cases reported "Rickettsiaceae Infections"

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1/19. Rickettsialpox in north carolina: a case report.

    We report a case of rickettsialpox from north carolina confirmed by serologic testing. To our knowledge, this case is the first to be reported from this region of the United States. Including rickettsialpox in the evaluation of patients with eschars or vesicular rashes is likely to extend the recognized geographic distribution of rickettsia akari, the etiologic agent of this disease.
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2/19. Rickettsialpox in a patient with hiv infection.

    We describe the first case of rickettsialpox in a patient infected with hiv. Immunohistochemical staining of biopsied lesions showed a relatively large number of rickettsiae within the papulovesicular rash. Rickettsialpox is easily treated and may resemble more serious cutaneous eruptions in patients infected with hiv. This diagnosis should be considered in immunocompromised city-dwellers, with fever and a papulovesicular rash.
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3/19. Rickettsialpox: report of three cases and a review.

    Rickettsialpox is a rare mite-borne rickettsiosis that is encountered in urban populations in the eastern United States and throughout the world. It is characterized clinically by an eschar, fever, and a papulovesicular eruption. Both of these cutaneous manifestations may be mimicked by infectious diseases that have been designated as bioterrorist agents by the United States Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention: the former by anthrax, and the latter by smallpox. It is thus important for clinicians to be familiar with rickettsialpox. We report 3 cases and review the epidemiology, clinical and laboratory findings, differential diagnosis, and management of this disease.
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4/19. Human ehrlichiosis diagnosed in wisconsin.

    A man developed a febrile illness shortly after he returned to wisconsin from florida, where he had received tick bites. This illness was associated with a rash, thrombocytopenia, leukopenia, and elevated hepatic enzymes, and it resolved on doxycycline. Serologic studies confirmed ehrlichiosis, a tick-borne rickettsial intraleukocytic infection endemic to the southeastern united states. This case expands the spectrum of tick-borne illnesses that must be considered by wisconsin clinicians.
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5/19. ehrlichiosis in children.

    Tick-borne rickettsiae of the genus Ehrlichia have recently been recognized as a cause of human illness in the United States. In the years 1986-1988, 10 cases of ehrlichiosis were diagnosed in children in oklahoma. Fever and headache were universal: myalgias, nausea, vomiting, and anorexia were also common. Rash was observed in six patients but was a prominent finding in only one. leukopenia, lymphopenia, and thrombocytopenia were common laboratory abnormalities. Six patients were treated with tetracycline, three with chloramphenicol, and one was not treated with antibiotics: all recovered. The onset of illness in spring and early summer for most cases paralleled the time when Amblyomma americanum and dermacentor variabilis are most active, suggesting that one or both ticks may be vectors of human ehrlichiosis in oklahoma.
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6/19. Human ehrlichiosis: a rickettsial disease associated with severe cholestasis and multisystemic disease.

    We report an unusual case of a typically canine rickettsial disease, ehrlichiosis, in a 56-year-old man. Although only occasionally affecting humans with a mild illness, exposure to a tick bite in our patient led to severe multisystemic disease with intense cholestasis. coma, acute renal failure and respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation ensued. Imaging procedures showed no biliary obstruction. A liver biopsy demonstrated bile stasis and sinusoidal lymphoid infiltrates. The diagnosis was confirmed serologically. Only partial improvement occurred with tetracycline therapy, but total resolution of all abnormalities eventually followed therapy with chloramphenicol.
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7/19. The agent of bacillary angiomatosis. An approach to the identification of uncultured pathogens.

    BACKGROUND. Bacillary angiomatosis is an infectious disease causing proliferation of small blood vessels in the skin and visceral organs of patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection and other immunocompromised hosts. The agent is often visualized in tissue sections of lesions with Warthin-Starry staining, but the bacillus has not been successfully cultured or identified. This bacillus may also cause cat scratch disease. methods. In attempting to identify this organism, we used the polymerase chain reaction. We used oligonucleotide primers complementary to the 16S ribosomal rna genes of eubacteria to amplify 16S ribosomal gene fragments directly from tissue samples of bacillary angiomatosis. The dna sequence of these fragments was determined and analyzed for phylogenetic relatedness to other known organisms. Normal tissues were studied in parallel. RESULTS. Tissue from three unrelated patients with bacillary angiomatosis yielded a unique 16S gene sequence. A sequence obtained from a fourth patient with bacillary angiomatosis differed from the sequence found in the other three patients at only 4 of 241 base positions. No related 16S gene fragment was detected in the normal tissues. These 16S sequences associated with bacillary angiomatosis belong to a previously uncharacterized microorganism, most closely related to Rochalimaea quintana. CONCLUSIONS. The cause of bacillary angiomatosis is a previously uncharacterized rickettsia-like organism, closely related to R. quintana. This method for the identification of an uncultured pathogen may be applicable to other infectious diseases of unknown cause.
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8/19. Neurologic abnormalities in a patient with human ehrlichiosis.

    Human ehrlichiosis is a tick-borne rickettsial disease characterized by fever, headache, myalgias, anorexia, and occasionally rash. In our patient, changes in mental status, upper motor neuron signs, cerebrospinal fluid pleocytosis, and increased serum protein levels were found in association with serologically confirmed ehrlichiosis and were most likely due to vasculitis involving the central nervous system. Intraleukocytic inclusions, although observed in our case, have been infrequently found in other reported cases of ehrlichiosis.
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9/19. Human ehrlichiosis.

    ehrlichiosis is one of the latest tick-borne illnesses to be reported in humans. The authors describe two cases of this rickettsial disease that were apparently acquired in missouri. They discuss diagnosis and treatment.
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10/19. ehrlichiosis: a cause of bone marrow hypoplasia in humans.

    infection with ehrlichia canis should be suspected in patients with fever, headache, malaise, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, and a history of recent exposure to ticks. The cytopenia is caused by bone marrow hypoplasia which may be severe. The disease may be confused with spotless rocky mountain spotted fever but can be differentiated from this infection serologically with acute and convalescent sea. In humans, recovery has occurred with and without antibiotic therapy. However, prompt antibiotic therapy is advised prior to serologic studies, especially in immunocompromised individuals, splenectomized persons, and patients with AIDS-who may develop a more overwhelming rickettsial infection.
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