Cases reported "Rupture, Spontaneous"

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1/117. Pathologic-spontaneous-rupture of the spleen as a presenting sign of splenic T-cell lymphoma--case report with review.

    A 39 year-old man presented for surgery with epigastric pain, tachycardia, hypotension and a progressive decrease of hemoglobin due to blood loss. Immediate abdominal ultrasonography followed by prompt paracentesis revealed massive intraperitoneal hemorrhage. During emergency laparotomy, a linear, actively bleeding rupture of an enlarged spleen was found and splenectomy was performed. The patient survived and the post-operative course was uneventful. Histopathology of the spleen as well as bone marrow biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of T-Cell lymphoma. Chemotherapy was initiated 3 weeks after surgery. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of previously undiagnosed T-Cell lymphoma presenting as pathologic rupture of the spleen.
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ranking = 1
keywords = blood loss
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2/117. Carotid ligation for carotid aneurysms.

    Thirty patients with subarachnoid haemorrhage due to rupture of a carotid aneurysm were treated by ligation of the common carotid artery. Two patients died as a result of the procedure, two patients developed persisting hemisphere deficit. Eight of the ten patients who developed cerebral ischemia after the operation were operated within ten days after the bleeding. At present out aim is to guide the patient safely through the first ten days after his haemorrhage and perform ligation at the end of the second week. After a follow up period of 1-8 years recurrent haemorrhage did not occur. Common carotid ligation, preferably with control of carotid artery end pressure, cerebral blood-flow and EEG is considered to be a valuable method to treat ruptured intracranial carotid aneurysm.
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ranking = 27.885016051166
keywords = haemorrhage
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3/117. laparoscopy extends the indications for liver resection in patients with cirrhosis.

    BACKGROUND: Clinical or biological evidence of liver failure is usually considered a contraindication to open liver surgery as it is associated with a prohibitive risk of postoperative death. methods: This report describes three patients who had resection of a superficial hepatocellular carcinoma suspected either to be ruptured, or at high risk of rupture, using the laparoscopic approach. All three patients had intractable ascites, in two superimposed on active hepatitis. Surgery was per- formed under continuous carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum with intermittent clamping of the hepatic pedicle. RESULTS: Intraoperative blood loss was between 100 and 400 ml; no blood transfusion was required. The postoperative course was uneventful except for a transient leak of ascites through the trocar wounds. Duration of in-hospital stay was 6-10 days. liver function tests had returned to preoperative values within 1 month of surgery in all patients. CONCLUSION: The laparoscopic approach may enable liver resection in patients with cirrhosis and evidence of liver failure that would contraindicate open surgery.
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ranking = 1
keywords = blood loss
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4/117. Active contrast extravasation in spontaneous rupture of hepatocellular carcinoma: a rare CT finding.

    Spontaneous rupture of hepatocellular carcinomas are uncommon but constitute a critical and life threatening condition. diagnosis is important so that either surgery or emergency arterial embolisation can be considered for hepatic haemostasis. We describe active extravasation of intravenous contrast medium on CT in a patient who presented with intraperitoneal haemorrhage secondary to spontaneous rupture of hepatocellular carcinoma.
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ranking = 9.2950053503885
keywords = haemorrhage
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5/117. life-threatening haemorrhage from a sternal metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma.

    rupture of the tumour is a catastrophic complication of hepatocellular carcinoma. The prognosis in patients with a ruptured hepatocellular carcinoma is usually unfavourable. We describe a 46-year-old man who suffered from visible massive tumour haemorrhage due to a hepatitis b-related hepatocellular carcinoma that metastasized to the sternal bone. The prominent tumour mass was bulging over the anterior chest wall on the sternum of the patient, and bled spontaneously. This episode of life-threatening haemorrhage was stopped by surgical ligation of the bleeding site. Palliative radiotherapy shrank the tumour mass size and prevented further possible bleeding. This is likely to be the first reported case with a visible spontaneous tumour bleeding from a sternal metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma.
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ranking = 55.770032102331
keywords = haemorrhage
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6/117. Intraoesophageal rupture of a thoracic aortic aneurysm.

    The intraoesophageal rupture of a large thoracic aortic aneurysm is reported in a 49 year old man. He had been hypertensive for some years while the aneurysm increased in size. Although a graft was successfully inserted to repair the leak, infection from the oesophagus with candida albicans, subsequently led to secondary haemorrhage and death 17 days later. A plea is made for the earlier referral of patients with aneurysm prior to rupture, as the operative mortality rises markedly after rupture has occurred and in this case the situation was virtually irreparable.
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ranking = 9.2950053503885
keywords = haemorrhage
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7/117. Pure acute subdural haematoma without subarachnoid haemorrhage caused by rupture of internal carotid artery aneurysm.

    A 52-year-old female presented with disturbance of consciousness and clinical signs of tentorial herniation. Computed tomography showed a pure acute subdural haematoma (SDH) over the left convexity without subarachnoid haemorrhage. cerebral angiography showed a saccular aneurysm at the junction of the left internal carotid artery and the posterior communicating artery. Surgery to remove the haematoma and clip the aneurysm showed the rupture point was located in the anterior petroclinoid fold (subdural space). The patient recovered without neurological deficits. Pure SDH caused by ruptured aneurysm is rare. rupture of an aneurysm adhered to either the dura or falx and located in the subdural space may cause pure SDH. Therefore, ruptured intracranial aneurysm should be considered as a cause of non-traumatic SDH. Immediate removal of the SDH and aneurysmal clipping is recommended in such patients, even those in poor neurological condition.
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ranking = 46.475026751943
keywords = haemorrhage
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8/117. Unexpected birth trauma with near fatal consequences.

    Rupturing of the liver due to delivery is an uncommon but severe birth trauma. Although described in the preterm neonate with very low birthweight or after complicated delivery, we present a case of capsular liver haemorrhage in a term newborn with normal birthweight after a seemingly uncomplicated delivery. The infant presented with severe shock and petechiae as first symptoms and initial therapy was based on the hypothesis of sepsis. Clinical suspicion of liver haemorrhage a few hours later was confirmed with abdominal ultrasound. Since shock was not amenable to fluid replacement therapy, the haemorrhage had to be managed surgically. Even without evidence of birth trauma, intra-abdominal bleeding must always be suspected in a newborn with suddenly prevailing shock and unexpected anaemia.
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ranking = 27.885016051166
keywords = haemorrhage
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9/117. A new presentation of angiopathy in neurofibromatosis type 1.

    Neurofibromatosis is a genetic condition characterized by localized over-growth of mesodermal and ectodermal tissues. Neurofibromatosis type 1 is characterized by cutaneous and skeletal abnormalities. Angiopathy is rare. We describe a new presentation of angiopathy in neurofibromatosis type 1. The patient presented with extensive bruising of the right side of her neck together with intra-oral and pharyngeal submucosal haemorrhage. Radiological investigation confirmed that an aneurysm of the right ascending pharyngeal artery had ruptured. This was successfully embolized without complication.
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ranking = 9.2950053503885
keywords = haemorrhage
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10/117. rupture of subcapsular haematoma of the liver in a case of eclampsia.

    A case of rupture of subcapsular haematoma of the liver in a patient suffering from eclampsia is reported in which the patient survived. Peritoneal tap provided important diagnostic information. Surgical intervention with control of the liver haemorrhage provides the only chance of survival.
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ranking = 9.2950053503885
keywords = haemorrhage
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