Cases reported "Rupture"

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1/1336. achilles tendon repair using a bone-tendon graft harvested from the knee extensor system: three cases.

    The authors describe a new surgical technique of achilles tendon reconstruction using bone-tendon graft from the knee extensor system. This technique is for those unusual cases of neglected or partial achilles tendon rupture with distal tendon-substance loss at calcaneal insertion level, requiring transbone plasty fixation. Three cases are reported; the first two, followed up over a 5-year period, had excellent functional, morphological, and clinical outcomes. This new technique is compared with other available solutions: triceps plasty, other local tendon plasty, artificial plasty, and allograft.
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ranking = 1
keywords = rupture
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2/1336. The leaking labyrinthine lesion resulting from direct force through the auditory canal: report of five cases.

    The leaking labyrinthine lesion is treated by conservative methods or surgical procedures. With respect to the stapes, the surgical treatment is controversial. Five cases of middle ear injuries accompanying oval window rupture are reported herein. In each case, direct force through the auditory canal damaged not only the ossicular chain but also the oval window. Initial symptoms were sudden hearing loss with significant conductive disturbance and various degrees of unsteadiness. Spontaneous horizontal nystagmus directed toward the uninvolved ear was observed in each case. Tympanic cavities were promptly explored under general anesthesia and oval window injuries were confirmed. In each case, the damaged stapes was temporally removed from the oval window. Perilymphatic leakage was recognized in each case. Two patients had subluxation of the stapes with a paucity leakage. Three had complete luxation of the stapes with a relatively huge oval window fistula. Disrupted oval windows were repaired with temporalis muscle fascial grafts that were inserted under the middle ear mucosae surrounding the oval windows. The stapes were replaced in the repaired oval windows, and the ossicular chains were reconstructed without artificial grafts. Vestibular dysfunctions disappeared within 7 days, and satisfactory audiologic results were obtained in each case.
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ranking = 1
keywords = rupture
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3/1336. A case of an intraocular foreign body due to graphite pencil lead complicated by endophthalmitis.

    We report a case of an 8-year-old boy who presented with an intraocular foreign body composed of graphite pencil lead. The patient had been accidentally poked in the right eye with a graphite pencil. Primary care consisted of corneal suturing and lens extraction. Two pieces of the pencil lead remained in the vitreous cavity following surgery, and 2 days later the patient developed endophthalmitis. Pars plana vitrectomy was performed immediately and the intraocular foreign bodies were removed through the scleral wound. Cultures of the vitreous fluid revealed no bacterial organisms. X-ray fluoroscopic analysis of the vitreous detected 1 ppm of aluminum (a constituent of the pencil lead). Although the clinical presentation indicated probable bacterial endophthalmitis, the detection of elemental aluminum within the vitreous cavity also suggested the possibility of further retinal toxicity due to some dissolving of the pencil lead.
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ranking = 0.00012588904889341
keywords = ocular
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4/1336. Surgical repair of rupture of the pectoralis major muscle: a case report.

    rupture of the pectoralis major muscle in a healthy male weight lifter is described. Complete avulsion of its insertion was surgically repaired by suturing followed by immobilization for 6 weeks. Two years later the patient won a national championship by lifting 455 lb in bench-press, and has recovered full function of the shoulder.
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ranking = 4
keywords = rupture
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5/1336. The use of magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of triceps tendon ruptures.

    Triceps tendon rupture is a rare injury. Three cases are presented with a brief review of the literature. Additionally, the use of magnetic resonance imaging to facilitate the diagnosis of triceps tendon rupture is described for the first time in the English literature. Each of the three patients has done well with a Mersilene tape repair of the triceps tendon.
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ranking = 6
keywords = rupture
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6/1336. Old total rupture of the adductor longus muscle. A report of seven cases.

    Seven cases of old total rupture of the adductor longus muscle are described. Five patients were referred with the suspicion of a soft tissue tumour. Six patients reported an adequate trauma when thoroughly questioned; four of them had sustained the injury while playing soccer; the seventh patient could not recall any trauma. The diagnosis of this lesion is discussed.
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ranking = 5
keywords = rupture
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7/1336. Iatrogenic breaks in Buuch's membrane in choroidal melanoma.

    Three patients with choroidal melanoma have been observed to develop subretinal hemorrhages associated with their ocular examinations. One hemorrhage appears to have been caused by transillumination, while two others have occurred during radioactive phosphorus testing. Histopathology confirms defects in Bruch's membrane through which blood or tumor cells have entered the subretinal space.
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ranking = 2.0981508148901E-5
keywords = ocular
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8/1336. Traumatic liver rupture in pregnancy.

    Two pregnant women, 1 in the second trimester and 1 in the third trimester, sustained blunt liver trauma as unrestrained drivers in motor vehicle accidents. One patient had an overt injury that was apparent on computerized tomography and underwent surgical exploration when nonreassuring fetal monitoring occurred. The second patient, discharged after 23 hours of normal observation, returned a day later with overt intra-abdominal hemorrhage from an obvious liver laceration.
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ranking = 4
keywords = rupture
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9/1336. Ultrasonic assistance in the diagnosis of hand flexor tendon injuries.

    In contrast to routine flexor tendon injuries, flexor tendon ruptures following blunt injury or re-ruptures following repair can be difficult to diagnose. The authors investigated the efficacy of using ultrasound to assist in the diagnosis. From 1996 to 1997, 8 patients underwent evaluation of the flexor tendons using an ATL HDI-3000 ultrasound machine with a high-resolution, 5 to 9-MHz hockey stick linear probe. Dynamic evaluation was performed in real time, simulating clinical symptoms. Six patients underwent surgical exploration. Sonographic diagnosis and intraoperative findings were correlated. Ultrasound was used to diagnose 3 patients with ruptured flexor digitorum profundus tendons. Mechanisms of injury included forceful extension, penetrating injury, and delayed rupture 3 weeks after tendon repair. Subsequent surgical exploration confirmed the ruptures and location of the stumps. Five patients had intact flexor tendons by ultrasound after forceful extension, penetrating injury, phalangeal fracture, crush injury, and unknown etiology. In 3 patients who underwent surgery for tenolysis, scar release, or arthrodesis, the flexor tendons were found to be intact, as predicted by ultrasound. The authors found ultrasound to be accurate in diagnosing the integrity of flexor tendons and in localizing the ruptured ends. They conclude that ultrasound is helpful in evaluating equivocal flexor tendon injuries.
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ranking = 6
keywords = rupture
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10/1336. Complete disruption of the female urethra.

    PURPOSE: We report a rare condition of complete rupture of the bladder neck with an anterior vaginal laceration secondary to blunt pelvic trauma in a 19-year-old woman. methods: Management consisted of a suprapubic cystostomy, followed by end-to-end anastomosis 3 days later. RESULTS/CONCLUSIONS: After 6 months, the patient is continent without any urinary disturbances.
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ranking = 1
keywords = rupture
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