Cases reported "Rupture"

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11/1336. An unusual cause of haemorrhagic ascites following blunt abdominal trauma.

    Slow intraperitoneal haemorrhage following blunt abdominal trauma may present as haemorrhagic ascites. Such haemorrhage is usually due to rupture of spleen, liver or damage to small bowel mesenteric vasculature. We encountered a patient with bleeding from ruptured exogastric leiomyoblastoma. Two cases of traumatic rupture of gastric leiomyosarcomas have been reported previously. The operative treatment is usually delayed and the diagnosis established only at laparotomy. We suggest a high level of suspicion and early laparotomy.
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keywords = rupture
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12/1336. Post traumatic rupture of the right main bronchus: a rare clinical entity?

    Tracheobronchial disruption is an uncommon injury usually associated with severe blunt thoracic trauma and rarely occurs in isolation. We report a case of isolated rupture of the right main bronchus occurring after a crush injury without an associated pneumothorax. Difficulties in the diagnosis of this condition are briefly discussed and an algorithm of management presented.
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keywords = rupture
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13/1336. Ruptured hemidiaphragm after bilateral lung transplantation.

    A case of right hemidiaphragm rupture and abdominal herniation into the thorax occurring during the immediate post-operative course of double-lung transplantation is reported. This complication has not been reported previously. We examine the possible aetiology and suggest that the direct cause could be an increase in intra-abdominal pressure during chest physiotherapy.
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keywords = rupture
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14/1336. Intraoperative ocular damage caused by a cannula.

    We report a case in which posterior capsule rupture, vitreous loss, and vitreous hemorrhage were caused by a dislodged, flying cannula during phacoemulsification. We modified our surgical practice since the occurrence of this unusual complication and use Luer-lock syringes during surgery. This measure should prevent the recurrence of this complication.
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ranking = 0.33336130867753
keywords = rupture, ocular
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15/1336. Staged operative treatment in a septic patient with an infected, unstable pelvis, and a missed bladder rupture.

    This case demonstrates once again the potential and serious complications of pelvic fractures, especially when associated urogenital injuries are missed. Missing the bladder rupture proved almost fatal to our patient. Second, it was confirmed that in very unstable pelvic fractures, external fixation alone does not provide enough stability. Local stability is the cornerstone in the treatment of (bone) infection, and in these cases, maximal stability is only obtainable with internal fixation. The advantages of metal implants in infected areas outweigh the disadvantages by far. For the bladder-rupture, we chose a two-stage approach. First, we performed a urinary diversion, to avoid surgical closure of the infiltrated bladder wall. All cavities, including the open bladder, were packed with omentum to fill the dead space with highly vital tissue to offer stout resistance to infection. Two years later, with the patient in excellent physical condition, urinary undiversion was carried out. Ultimately physical and social recovery was complete.
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ranking = 2
keywords = rupture
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16/1336. False-positive radiographic diagnosis of breast implant rupture because of breast abscess.

    A case of a periprosthetic abscess simulating breast implant rupture is presented. Both clinical findings and film-screen mammography suggested extravasation of a radiodense material adjacent to an implant. ultrasonography was thought to confirm the extraluminal silicone. However, at surgery the mass was found to be a breast abscess that had herniated through the capsule. The double-lumen implant outer saline-filled chamber had deflated, but the silicone-containing inner chamber was intact. magnetic resonance imaging would have distinguished between abscess and silicone.
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ranking = 1.6666666666667
keywords = rupture
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17/1336. Isolated longitudinal rupture of the posterior tracheal wall following blunt neck trauma.

    The authors report 3 female children (4, 5 and 12 years old) who suffered an isolated rupture of the posterior tracheal wall (membranous part) following a minimal blunt trauma of the neck. Such tracheal ruptures often cause a mediastinal and a cutaneous thoraco-cervical emphysema, and can also be combined with a pneumothorax. The following diagnostic steps are necessary: X-ray and CT of the chest, tracheo-bronchoscopy and esophagoscopy. The most important examination is the tracheo-bronchoscopy to visualize especially the posterior wall of the trachea. Proper treatment of an isolated rupture of the posterior tracheal wall requires knowledge about the injury mechanisms. The decision concerning conservative treatment or a surgical intervention is discussed. In our 3 patients we chose the conservative approach for the following reasons: 1) The lesions of the posterior tracheal wall were relatively small (1 cm, 1.5 cm, 3 cm) and showed a good adaptation of the wound margins. 2) No cases showed an associated injury of the esophageal wall. All of our patients had an uneventful recovery, the lesion healed within 10 to 14 days, and follow-up showed no late complications.
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keywords = rupture
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18/1336. Dural arteriovenous malformation in the anterior cranial fossa.

    Two cases of dural arteriovenous malformation (AVM) at the base of the anterior cranial fossa are described. In both cases an intracerebral hematoma following the rupture of the AVM was the first indication of the disease. In one case, the malformation was supplied both by the anterior ethmoidal artery and frontopolar artery draining into the superior sagittal sinus. In the second case, the right anterior ethmoidal artery with draining veins into the superior sagittal sinus and sphenoparietal sinus was the feeding vessel. Surgical evacuation of the hematoma and excision of the malformation was performed on both patients. The typical clinical signs and radiological findings are described. A review of the pertinent literature is given.
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ranking = 0.33333333333333
keywords = rupture
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19/1336. Septic endarteritis and fatal iliac wall rupture after endovascular stenting of the common iliac artery.

    A 52-year-old female with arterial occlusive disease underwent an uneventful percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and placement of a vascular metallic stent in the left common iliac artery. Ten days later she presented with clinical symptoms of septic endarteritis. Shortly after re-admittance, an emergency laparotomy had to be performed because of an acute retroperitoneal bleeding. rupture of the common iliac artery directly overlaying the penetrating stent was found but control of haemorrhage was of no avail. In this report of a case, septic endarteritis following placement of a vascular metallic stent preceded fatal rupture of the common iliac artery. This up to now unknown constellation requires surgical intervention without undue delay.
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ranking = 1.6666666666667
keywords = rupture
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20/1336. rupture of a cervical spinal cord arteriovenous malformation: a rare complication of endovascular embolization.

    patients suffering from a cervical spinal cord arteriovenous malformation (SCAVM) run high risk of devastating subarachnoid hemorrhage and hematomyelia. Therefore, cervical SCAVMs represent a compelling indication for surgical or endovascular therapy. The authors report on an acute life-threatening subarachnoid hemorrhage from a cervical SCAVM that ruptured during an embolization procedure. causality and therapeutic management are discussed.
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ranking = 0.33333333333333
keywords = rupture
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