Cases reported "Rupture"

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1/1818. achilles tendon repair using a bone-tendon graft harvested from the knee extensor system: three cases.

    The authors describe a new surgical technique of achilles tendon reconstruction using bone-tendon graft from the knee extensor system. This technique is for those unusual cases of neglected or partial achilles tendon rupture with distal tendon-substance loss at calcaneal insertion level, requiring transbone plasty fixation. Three cases are reported; the first two, followed up over a 5-year period, had excellent functional, morphological, and clinical outcomes. This new technique is compared with other available solutions: triceps plasty, other local tendon plasty, artificial plasty, and allograft. ( info)

2/1818. Management of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia during continuous renal replacement therapy.

    heparin-associated thrombocytopenia occurred in a patient during continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT), resulting in repeated clotting of the extracorporeal circuit and spontaneous hemorrhage. The peripheral platelet count initially appeared to improve by changing to prostacyclin and dalteparin. However, repeated CRRT circuit clotting recurred, and the platelet count decreased once again. This time the synthetic heparinoid, Orgaran (danaparoid), was used and was associated with successful CRRT and return of the platelet count. ( info)

3/1818. The leaking labyrinthine lesion resulting from direct force through the auditory canal: report of five cases.

    The leaking labyrinthine lesion is treated by conservative methods or surgical procedures. With respect to the stapes, the surgical treatment is controversial. Five cases of middle ear injuries accompanying oval window rupture are reported herein. In each case, direct force through the auditory canal damaged not only the ossicular chain but also the oval window. Initial symptoms were sudden hearing loss with significant conductive disturbance and various degrees of unsteadiness. Spontaneous horizontal nystagmus directed toward the uninvolved ear was observed in each case. Tympanic cavities were promptly explored under general anesthesia and oval window injuries were confirmed. In each case, the damaged stapes was temporally removed from the oval window. Perilymphatic leakage was recognized in each case. Two patients had subluxation of the stapes with a paucity leakage. Three had complete luxation of the stapes with a relatively huge oval window fistula. Disrupted oval windows were repaired with temporalis muscle fascial grafts that were inserted under the middle ear mucosae surrounding the oval windows. The stapes were replaced in the repaired oval windows, and the ossicular chains were reconstructed without artificial grafts. Vestibular dysfunctions disappeared within 7 days, and satisfactory audiologic results were obtained in each case. ( info)

4/1818. erectile dysfunction due to a 'hidden' penis after pelvic trauma.

    We describe a twenty-six year old patient who presented us with a dorsally retracted 'hidden' penis, which was entrapped in scar tissue and prevesical fat, 20y after a pelvic fracture with symphysiolysis. Penile 'lengthening' was performed by V-Y plasty, removal of fatty tissue, dissection of the entrapped corpora cavernosa followed by ventral fixation. ( info)

5/1818. A case of an intraocular foreign body due to graphite pencil lead complicated by endophthalmitis.

    We report a case of an 8-year-old boy who presented with an intraocular foreign body composed of graphite pencil lead. The patient had been accidentally poked in the right eye with a graphite pencil. Primary care consisted of corneal suturing and lens extraction. Two pieces of the pencil lead remained in the vitreous cavity following surgery, and 2 days later the patient developed endophthalmitis. Pars plana vitrectomy was performed immediately and the intraocular foreign bodies were removed through the scleral wound. Cultures of the vitreous fluid revealed no bacterial organisms. X-ray fluoroscopic analysis of the vitreous detected 1 ppm of aluminum (a constituent of the pencil lead). Although the clinical presentation indicated probable bacterial endophthalmitis, the detection of elemental aluminum within the vitreous cavity also suggested the possibility of further retinal toxicity due to some dissolving of the pencil lead. ( info)

6/1818. Complete pyelo-calyceal avulsion as a result of blunt abdominal trauma.

    We present a rare case of complete avulsion of the kidney collecting system as a result of blunt abdominal trauma. Emergency celiotomy precluded radiographic studies. Perinephric hematoma was mild, the lesion was not detected and this later led to a nephrectomy. pelvis disruption diagnosis is frequently delayed, and this compromises surgical reconstruction. ( info)

7/1818. Surgical repair of rupture of the pectoralis major muscle: a case report.

    rupture of the pectoralis major muscle in a healthy male weight lifter is described. Complete avulsion of its insertion was surgically repaired by suturing followed by immobilization for 6 weeks. Two years later the patient won a national championship by lifting 455 lb in bench-press, and has recovered full function of the shoulder. ( info)

8/1818. The use of magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of triceps tendon ruptures.

    Triceps tendon rupture is a rare injury. Three cases are presented with a brief review of the literature. Additionally, the use of magnetic resonance imaging to facilitate the diagnosis of triceps tendon rupture is described for the first time in the English literature. Each of the three patients has done well with a Mersilene tape repair of the triceps tendon. ( info)

9/1818. Combined femoral pseudoaneurysm and arteriovenous fistula: diagnosis by Doppler color flow mapping.

    This case report is the first to describe a combined femoral pseudoaneurysm and arteriovenous fistula resulting from a cardiac catheterization, diagnosed by color Doppler. ( info)

10/1818. Old total rupture of the adductor longus muscle. A report of seven cases.

    Seven cases of old total rupture of the adductor longus muscle are described. Five patients were referred with the suspicion of a soft tissue tumour. Six patients reported an adequate trauma when thoroughly questioned; four of them had sustained the injury while playing soccer; the seventh patient could not recall any trauma. The diagnosis of this lesion is discussed. ( info)
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