Cases reported "Salmonella Infections"

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1/8. diarrhea associated acute renal failure in a patient with salmonella enteritidis sepsis.

    salmonella enteritidis infection occurs primarily in animals and often results in self-limited gastroenteritis in accidental cross contamination in human. However, the acute renal failure could be a rare but serious complication of the S. enteritidis infection. We report one case of acute renal failure from severe dehydration caused by S. enteritidis food poisoning. The acute renal failure completely recovered after hydration and antibiotic treatment.
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ranking = 1
keywords = animal
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2/8. Animal-to-human transmission of salmonella typhimurium DT104A variant.

    salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium was isolated from a pig, a calf, and a child on a farm in the netherlands. The isolates were indistinguishable by phenotyping and genotyping methods, which suggests nonfoodborne animal-to-animal and animal-to-human transmission. persons in close contact with farm animals should be aware of this risk.
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ranking = 4
keywords = animal
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3/8. A comprehensive review of disseminated Salmonella arizona infection with an illustrative case presentation.

    Salmonella arizona is known to cause infection in reptiles and other animals. Disseminated human infection is rare, except in the setting of a deficient immune system. The following is a unique account of disseminated infection including pericardial involvement. Unusual features include nonreptile vector transmission and eastern seaboard (rather than southwestern) locale. A comprehensive literature review of disseminated S arizona infections is presented describing the types of infection, sources of exposure, underlying conditions, locale, treatments, and outcomes.
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ranking = 1
keywords = animal
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4/8. Human salmonellosis associated with animal-derived pet treats--united states and canada, 2005.

    During 2004-2005, contact with Salmonella-contaminated pet treats of beef and seafood origin resulted in nine culture-confirmed human Salmonella Thompson infections in western canada and the state of washington. This is the third published report of an outbreak of human illness associated with pet treats in north america and the first to describe such an outbreak in the united states. This report highlights the investigation of the outbreak by U.S. and Canadian public health officials and provides recommendations for reducing the risk that Salmonella-contaminated pet treats pose to humans. public health practitioners should consider pet treats a potential source for Salmonella transmission.
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ranking = 4
keywords = animal
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5/8. Salmonella infection in total hip replacement: tests to predict the outcome of antimicrobial therapy.

    We report a hematogenous implant infection with Salmonella dublin in a renal transplant patient with total hip replacement. A 16-month treatment with cotrimoxazole failed, as evidenced by culture and electron microscopy, despite persisting low MIC after therapy. Data from a foreign body animal model and in vitro tests, which take into account the properties of adhering and stationary-phase bacteria, explain the failure of a long-term treatment with cotrimoxazole. The patient was subsequently cured by ciprofloxacin which was successful in these tests. No relapse was noted after a follow-up of 1 year.
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ranking = 1
keywords = animal
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6/8. Spontaneous arizona hinshawii peritonitis in cirrhosis with ascites.

    arizona hinshawii, a gram-negative enteric pathogen, causes serious infections in fowl, reptiles, and other animals. In humans, gastroenteritis, enteric fever, septicemia, and localized infections due to arizona have occurred. There are no previous reports of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis secondary to arizona, however. We report here a case of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis due to arizona occurring in a patient with cirrhosis of the alcoholic type. The patient was treated with a 10-day course of gentamicin, and although she improved clinically, arizona was cultured from the blood and bile postmortem.
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ranking = 1
keywords = animal
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7/8. salmonella typhimurium colitis.

    A patient in whom salmonella typhimurium infection caused a localised colitis is described. colitis has been demonstrated in experimental animals infected with S. typhimurium and noted at post mortem in patients dying from S. typhimurium infection. However colitis is an infrequently recognised feature of this infection in man, the usual diagnosis being one of gastroenteritis. There have been four other cases reported with radiological evidence of colonic involvement due to salmonella infection. colitis probably occurs more frequently than is usually recognised in this condition and must be distinguished from ulcerative colitis.
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ranking = 1
keywords = animal
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8/8. United front--veterinary and medical collaboration.

    Four cases of concomitant animal and human Salmonellosis were investigated. Liaison took place between veterinary, public health medical and environmental health professionals. An epidemiological association between veterinary and medical disease outbreaks was established following cases in a dairy unit, a poultry unit, a calf rearing unit and one pig and dairy unit (on the same farm). In three cases clinical disease in animals preceded clinical disease in humans while in the fourth case, the poultry unit, salmonella isolations from poultry carcasses coincided with clinical salmonellosis in a human working with the live poultry. Important epidemiological factors are identified. The problems of delay in seeking veterinary advice, compartmentalisation of veterinary and medical practices, and the benefits of direct collaboration between veterinary and medical professionals in the event of a diagnosis of salmonellosis in animals and/or humans are highlighted. A collaborative reporting and liaison model is proposed.
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ranking = 3
keywords = animal
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