Cases reported "Sarcoma, Kaposi"

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1/127. Human herpes-virus 8 seropositive patient with skin and graft Kaposi's sarcoma after lung transplantation.

    Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) has been reported after solid organ transplantation mostly in recipients of renal, liver, heart, and bone allografts. We describe the first case of a patient with lung transplantation who developed KS of the skin, but also of the lung graft. The tumors were localized to places of previous trauma, implying the involvement of a Koebner phenomenon. Moreover, a polymerase chain reaction assay revealed the presence of dna sequences of herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) on tissue of the cutaneous KS. Serological tests showed HHV-8 seronegativity of the graft donor and HHV-8 seropositivity of the patient before lung transplantation suggesting that the latter was already infected before the surgery and that immunosuppression resulted in the development of KS. This case report raises the question of the prevalence of HHV-8 in candidates for transplantation and organ donors, and of the value of an antiviral prophylaxis to lower the risk of KS.
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ranking = 1
keywords = herpesvirus, herpes
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2/127. Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) in familial Kaposi's sarcoma.

    Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) has been detected in various epidemiological forms of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS). Since familial KS cases are exceedingly rare and the occurrence of familial KS in siblings has thought to depend rather on genetic factors than on a viral factor, familial KS has not been investigated for the presence of HHV-8. To investigate whether HHV-8 is present also in this rare form of KS, we examined tumor biopsies of 2 siblings with familial KS for the presence of HHV-8 specific dna sequences by a nested PCR protocol. HHV-8 dna sequences could be detected in KS specimens of both patients. sequence analysis revealed an identical dna sequence of HHV-8 in KS tissue of both siblings, but the sequence in our cases differs in one base pair at position 67 from the previously published HHV-8 KS330Bam fragment. The findings indicate that besides the yet poorly defined genetical factors involved in the pathogenesis of KS, HHV-8 may act as a cofactor also in familial KS. In addition, our data demonstrate that HHV-8 is found in all epidemiological forms of KS, including the rarely occurring familial KS. Familial KS may act as a further model to study the interaction of an oncogenic virus with genetic host factors in the context of a neoplastic disorder.
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ranking = 4.8651175586653
keywords = herpesvirus, herpes
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3/127. Complete histological regression of Kaposi's sarcoma following treatment with protease inhibitors despite persistence of HHV-8 in lesions.

    There is no current curative treatment for HIV-related Kaposi's sarcoma. The identification of human herpesvirus-8 as a possible aetiological agent suggests potential efficacy of anti-viral agents. We report here on the complete histological remission of Kaposi's sarcoma following treatment with protease inhibitors, even in patients with limited virological response and persistence of HHV-8.
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ranking = 6.6201834471911
keywords = human herpesvirus, herpesvirus, herpes
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4/127. Favourable effect of chemotherapy on clinical symptoms and human herpesvirus-8 dna load in a patient with Kaposi's sarcoma presenting with fever and anemia.

    The case of a patient infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (hiv-1) with Kaposi's sarcoma who presented with fever of unknown origin, severe anemia, thrombocytopenia and hypoalbuminemia but only limited involvement of the skin is presented. Chemotherapy directed at Kaposi's sarcoma resulted in resolution of these clinical signs and symptoms and was associated with a significant reduction in human herpesvirus-8 dna load in serum, despite continued hiv-1 replication. Such a decreasing human herpesvirus-8 load following Kaposi's sarcoma-directed chemotherapy has not been reported previously. These findings suggest that Kaposi's sarcoma was indeed responsible for the clinical syndrome and that this neoplasm is a source of human herpesvirus-8 virus particle production, which can be inhibited by chemotherapy-induced reduction in tumor burden.
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ranking = 46.341284130338
keywords = human herpesvirus, herpesvirus, herpes
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5/127. Pre-Kaposi's sarcoma: an expansion of the spectrum of Kaposi's sarcoma lesions.

    We report on a lymphoedematous form of classic Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) in which characteristic purplish lesions were surrounded by atypical oedematous, flesh-coloured papules. Histological examination of these papular lesions revealed a proliferation of grouped, rather thick-walled capillaries with inflammatory infiltrates. Hot-start PCR amplification with KS 330-233 primer sequences demonstrated the presence of human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) sequences. In addition, cells isolated from these oedematous papules showed morphological and immunohistochemical features similar to those reported for KS-derived spindle cells. As a whole, these results suggest that these oedematous papular lesions represent pre-KS lesions and may expand the clinico-pathological spectrum of KS. The role of oedema in their induction is discussed.
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ranking = 6.6201834471911
keywords = human herpesvirus, herpesvirus, herpes
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6/127. Classic Kaposi's sarcoma after multiple-partner heterosexual behavior in Central africa.

    We present a case of a possible sexual transmission of classic Kaposi's sarcoma. To our knowledge, this is the first report of such a case. We noted a long delay between the probable contaminant contact and onset of lesions, suggesting that human herpesvirus 8 has longer incubation periods in healthy individuals than in immunocompromised patients.
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ranking = 6.6201834471911
keywords = human herpesvirus, herpesvirus, herpes
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7/127. Penile intraepithelial neoplasia overlying Kaposi's sarcoma lesions: role of viral synergy?

    Several viral agents have been detected in the lesional tissue of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS). Their precise oncogenic role remains to be determined. A 32-year-old heterosexual man with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) who had penile lesions of KS with overlying epithelial changes characteristic of intraepithelial neoplasia associated with concurrent infection by human papillomavirus (HPV) and human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) is reported. The absence of viral dna from uninvolved skin suggests that this coinfection is more than coincidental and may involve synergy between these viruses, as has already been suggested for HPV and herpes simplex 2 virus.
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ranking = 6.6269275692578
keywords = human herpesvirus, herpesvirus, herpes
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8/127. Posttransplantation plasmacytic proliferations related to Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus.

    Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV), which was originally detected in Kaposi's sarcoma, also has been found in primary effusion lymphomas (PELs) and some cases of multicentric Castleman's disease. We describe two transplant recipients who developed Kaposi's sarcoma and a spectrum of non-neoplastic lymphoproliferative disorders that show pronounced plasmacytic and plasmacytoid features. The first patient had recurrent pleural effusions and Castleman's disease-like changes in lymph nodes. The second patient had systemic lymphadenopathy and hepatosplenomegaly secondary to diffuse infiltration by polyclonal plasma cells and plasmacytoid B lymphocytes that clinically mimicked Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated posttransplant lymphoproliferative disease. In both cases, KSHV dna was detected by polymerase chain reaction and Southern blotting, and KSHV vIL-6 protein expression was identified in affected tissues by immunohistochemical localization. In contrast, no evidence of KSHV coinfection was detected in any of 31 EBV-related posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorders or 112 non-PEL lymphomas tested. The pathologic findings in these two patients were not representative of malignancy by morphologic, immunophenotypic, or molecular criteria. This study underscores the marked propensity for hematolymphoid proliferations associated with KSHV infections to show plasmacytic features. Additionally, this study describes use of an antibody reactive against KSHV vIL-6 that can readily detect a subpopulation of KSHV-infected hematopoietic cells.
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ranking = 4.8651175586653
keywords = herpesvirus, herpes
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9/127. Presence of human herpesvirus 8 dna sequences in renal transplantation-associated pleural Kaposi sarcoma.

    OBJECTIVE: To describe one case of symptomatic skin and pleural Kaposi sarcoma (KS) associated with kidney transplantation. diagnosis was supported by morphologic study and human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) detection in both tissues. Pulmonary involvement was not present. DESIGN: The presence of HHV-8 dna sequences was proved using polymerase chain reaction (PCR), Southern blot hybridization, and in situ hybridization. SETTING: Human herpesvirus 8 is found in most KS from patients with and without the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Clinically significant pulmonary infiltration by KS is diagnosed uncommonly antemortem, and pleural disease is exceptional. PATIENT: A 49-year-old man who had renal transplant with immunosuppressive therapy (tacrolimus and prednisone) and developed a cutaneous KS. A pleural effusion appeared without pulmonary involvement. Both lesions disappeared when immunosuppressive drugs were suspended. Later, the pleural effusion and the cutaneous lesions reappeared. Pleural biopsy specimens showed KS infiltration. OUTCOME: The patient refused treatment and was lost to follow-up. RESULTS: The skin and pleural biopsies showed a proliferation of spindle-shaped cells positive for CD34. The HHV-8 sequences were detected by nested PCR. No amplification was detected in uninvolved skin from the patient or in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 10 healthy individuals used as controls. The Southern blot hybridization confirmed these results. CONCLUSIONS: To our knowledge, this is the first report of HHV-8 in symptomatic pleural KS, which was probably associated with immunosuppression after kidney transplantation. The demonstration of HHV-8 dna in biopsy material in the appropriate cells could be diagnostic when the morphologic setting is consistent with KS.
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ranking = 34.073940747689
keywords = human herpesvirus, herpesvirus, herpes
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10/127. Kaposi's sarcoma following malignant mesothelioma.

    We report the unusual occurrence of Kaposi's sarcoma following asbestos-related malignant mesothelioma, in a human deficiency virus (HIV)-negative Italian man. Seropositivity to human herpes virus 8 (HHV8) was documented at the time of mesothelioma diagnosis and preceded the onset of Kaposi' sarcoma with a time lapse of 13 months. HHV8 dna was detected by polymerase chain reaction in lesional Kaposi's sarcoma but not within mesothelioma. By immunostaining, mesothelioma cells expressed interleukin-6 and platelet-derived growth factor, which are important for survival of Kaposi's sarcoma cells. Besides the possibility of a casual association, we hypothesize that mesothelioma-linked factors may have contributed to the development of Kaposi's sarcoma in the presence of HHV8 infection.
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ranking = 0.0067441220667366
keywords = herpes
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