Cases reported "Sarcoma"

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11/63. Early-onset postirradiation sarcoma of the head and neck: report of three cases.

    Postirradiation sarcomas of the head and neck are rare. When they do occur, most appear at least 10 years following radiation therapy. We report three cases of early-onset (1, 2, and 7 yr) postirradiation sarcoma. physicians who care for previously irradiated patients should consider the possibility of a postirradiation sarcoma whenever they see a suspicious lesion, regardless of the amount of time that has passed since radiation therapy was administered. The original pathology should be reexamined to ensure that the original tumor was diagnosed correctly. Electron microscopy can be useful in differentiating sarcomatous-appearing epithelial lesions from true soft-tissue sarcomas, and thus can be helpful in guiding therapy.
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12/63. sarcoma of the thyroid gland: a case report.

    sarcoma of the thyroid gland is a very uncommon malignant tumor (<1% of thyroid cancers) characterized by severe local course and rapid metastatic dissemination and very poor prognosis. We report the case of an 84-year-old woman hospitalized for expiratory dyspnea, severe malnutrition and swallowing disorders leading to bronchial infection. She had a voluminous (20 cm) extra-thoracic right-neck goiter with a considerable superficial venous pattern that had developed on an old goiter before growing recently. CEA and calcitonin levels were normal. The cervical-thoracic CT demonstrated a partially necrosed heterogeneously hypodense tumor compressing the esophagus and the trachea with displacement of adjacent structures which were not directly invaded. Large areas of necrosis and a probable metastatic image measuring 3 cm in the right median pulmonary lobe were observed. Macrobiopsy disclosed grade 3 sarcoma. Complete resection delivered a 3.170 kg tumor. histology confirmed the diagnosis of sarcoma without neoplastic extension. Apart from right recurrent palsy, the initial post-operative period was satisfactory and the patient was discharged. Four and a half months later she was rehospitalized with local recurrence with a large metastatis in the right lung. She died two weeks later.
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13/63. The sarcomatous guise of cervical ectopic hamartomatous thymoma.

    BACKGROUND: Ectopic hamartomatous thymoma is a rare benign neoplasm occurring in the deep soft tissues adjacent to the sternoclavicular joint. Although clinical presentation and diagnostic imaging can be consistent with a malignant lesion such as a sarcoma, recognition of pathologic features can readily exclude such a diagnosis. However, this remains a challenge caused by their unusual histologic features and diverse composition. Recognition of this tumor is, however, important, because it follows a benign clinical course, and conservative surgical excision is the therapy of choice. methods: A literature review of all reports of ectopic hamartomatous thymoma was undertaken and compared with our indexed case. RESULTS: From this review, we identified 26 previous reports. Most patients were men, with a 4.5:1 predominance. There was a wide range of ages at presentation, from 26 to 79 years. All tumors were located in the lower neck, with the exception of one arising presternally. Treatment predominantly consisted of tumor resection, with no reported recurrences on follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that ectopic hamartomatous thymoma is an extremely rare neoplasm usually presenting in the lower neck. Correct identification of this tumor is important, because it follows a benign course, and surgical excision is adequate therapy.
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14/63. Follicular dendritic cell sarcoma of the neck; a case report and literature review.

    Follicular dendritic cell (FDC) sarcomas, also known as dendritic reticulum cell tumors, are uncommon neoplasms arising from antigen-presenting cells in B-lymphofollicles of nodal and extra-nodal sites. It is considered as an intermediate grade malignancy since it has significant recurrent and metastatic potential. We report a case of FDC sarcoma arising in the neck. A 56-year-old female presented with a left neck tumor. neck dissection was performed. Microscopically, the tumor showed spindle-shaped stromal cells with large oval and polygonal nuclei. Immunohistologically, the cells were positive for CD21 and CD35, consistent with FDC sarcomas. Adjuvant chemotherapy of cyclophosphamide/doxorubicin/vincristine/prednisone (CHOP) was given. literature review provides the current information for the diagnosis and treatment of this unusual tumor.
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15/63. Soft tissue myoepithelioma: a case report.

    Myoepitheliomas are tumours composed predominantly or exclusively of myoepithelial cells. They are well described, especially within the salivary gland, but their occurrence in soft tissues is less well known and this often results in diagnostic problems. We report a case involving the deep soft tissues of the lower neck behind the clavicle. Grossly, the tumour was well circumscribed with solid and cystic areas. histology showed a richly vascularised tumour composed of bland round, ovoid or spindle-shaped cells. Various growth patterns were present including solid, nested, microcystic and trabecular arrangements. In some areas there was an alveolar pattern with tumour cells lining fibrous septae. immunohistochemistry showed diffuse strong positivity for S100 protein, calponin, vimentin and glial fibrillary acidic protein and focal positivity for epithelial membrane antigen, 34betaE12 and AE1/AE3, in keeping with myoepithelial differentiation. Electron microscopy revealed tumour cells surrounded by basal lamina with subplasmalemmal densities and containing cytoplasmic myofilaments. This case report highlights the rare occurrence of myoepitheliomas in deep soft tissues. Pathologists should be aware of this and should consider a myoepithelioma in the differential diagnosis of a soft tissue spindle cell neoplasm.
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16/63. Interdigitating dendritic cell sarcoma of salivary gland associated lymphoid tissue not associated with HHV-8 or EBV infection.

    Interdigitating dendritic cell sarcoma (IDCS) is an extremely rare malignancy derived from professional antigen presenting cells. This report describes a case of IDCS arising in the salivary gland associated lymphoid tissue of the parotid gland of a 51 year woman, presenting with a painless neck swelling. Histologically, sheets of S100( )/Ccd68( )/CD45( )/CD34(-)/CD1a(-) spindle cells were surrounded with an inflammatory infiltrate with no evidence of B or T cell clonal proliferations. No evidence of either human herpesvirus 8 or Epstein-Barr virus could be detected by quantitative polymerase chain reaction in the tumour cells with serological evidence of previous Epstein-Barr virus infection. The patient remains well and disease free 24 months after presentation without specific treatment.
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17/63. Anaplastic, sarcomatoid carcinoma of the thyroid originating from a Hurthle cell tumor.

    The case of a 43-year old female with neck tumor is presented. Sections of the tumor revealed a poorly differentiated malignant neoplasm. A panel of immunohistochemical reactions was performed, and diagnosis of malignancy, most likely of a non-epithelial origin was given. Clinically, the tumor was characterized by a very high growth rate. An attempt at chemotherapy was made, but the patient died two months after the onset of the disease. At autopsy the tumor was extensively sampled. The histology revealed an anaplastic, sarcomatoid component, as well as a Hurthle cell carcinoma. The presented case is an excellent illustration of diagnostic difficulties that may be encountered in differential diagnosis of anaplastic, sarcomatoid thyroid carcinomas and true sarcomas.
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18/63. Effectiveness of BNCT for recurrent head and neck malignancies.

    Recurrent head and neck malignancies (HNM) are often radio-/chemo-resistant and show extensive growth, necessitating a wide resection including surrounding tissues. To avoid severe impairment of oro-facial structures and functions, it is necessary to explore new treatments for HNM. boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) is tumor-cell targeted radiotherapy that has significant superiority over conventional radiotherapies in principle. We report here, first in the world, six patients with a recurrent HNM who have been treated with BNCT. The BNCT in combination with boronophenylalanine (BPA) and borocaptate sodium (BSH) was performed using the epithermal neutrons with Kyoto University research Reactor (KUR). The results of BNCT were as follows: (1) (10)B concentration of tumor/normal tissue ratios (T/N ratio) of PET studies were SCC:1.8-4.4, sarcoma:3.1-4.0, parotid tumor:3.5. (2) Relative volume (%) of each tumor to the prior were 6-46%. (3) Remarkable reduction (46-100%) of huge tumor such as 40-675 cm(3) (average: 315 cm(3)), improvement of QOL and very mild side effects were recognized in all cases. These results indicate that BNCT represents a new and promising treatment approach even for a huge or far advanced HNM.
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19/63. Low-grade myofibroblastic sarcoma of the distal phalanx.

    Low-grade myofibroblastic sarcoma is a recently defined tumor that is part of the spectrum of malignant mesenchymal tumors, showing features of myofibroblastic differentiation. These tumors occur most commonly in the head and neck regions, especially in the tongue, and less frequently in the limbs, trunk, and abdominal/pelvic cavity. We describe a 51-year-old woman with a low-grade myofibroblastic sarcoma. The distal phalanx of the finger was amputated with a clear surgical margin. The treatment of this tumor should include a simple local excision with free surgical margins and a long clinical follow-up period with imaging studies. At the 28-month follow-up evaluation the patient was free from this tumor.
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20/63. Follicular dendritic cell sarcoma of a cervical lymph node: case report and review of the literature.

    Follicular dendritic cell sarcoma is a rare tumor that occurs mainly in lymph nodes. We report a case of follicular dendritic cell sarcoma in a cervical lymph node that was initially diagnosed as a B-cell lymphoma by Tru-Cut biopsy. The correct diagnosis was established by excision biopsy and immunohistochemistry. This tumor is of interest to head and neck surgeons because its recurrence rate is significant and its metastatic potential has been underestimated because of its rarity and the difficulty in making the diagnosis. We discuss the salient clinical and pathologic features of this tumor, as well as its management protocol, and we review the literature.
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