Cases reported "Sarcoma"

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1/402. Extranodal follicular dendritic cell sarcoma of the palate.

    Follicular dendritic cell tumors are uncommon and usually occur in lymph nodes. We report the case of a follicular dendritic cell tumor that occurred in the palate of a 14-year-old boy and manifested itself as a nodular mass. Histologically, the neoplasm consisted of spindle-shaped or oval-shaped cells with eosinophilic cytoplasms and nuclei with delicate, dispersed chromatin. The lesional cells were principally arranged in diffuse, fascicular patterns with vaguely whorled or storiform areas. Focal multinucleate tumor giant cells and lymphocytes were observed throughout the neoplasm. Immunohistochemically, tumor cells were positive for the follicular dendritic cell markers CD21, CD35, and CD23 and for S-100 protein, CD68, and muscle-specific actin. Tumor cells were negative for LCA, CD20, EMA, CK (AE1/AE3), HMB45, and CD34. lymphocytes were positive for LCA and CD45RO. Although follicular dendritic cell sarcoma is a very uncommon tumor, it should be included in the differential diagnosis of tumors in this location.
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keywords = neoplasm
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2/402. Low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma: clinicopathologic case report with review of the literature.

    Low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma is a rare, benign-appearing soft tissue neoplasm with an aggressive clinical course characterized by multiple local recurrences over several years, with ultimate spread to lung and occasionally to bone. Thus far, a total of 24 cases of low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma have been reported in the literature. The authors present an additional case that grossly and microscopically emphasizes a pronounced lobular pattern of contrasting areas of cellularity showing high proliferative activity, as demonstrated by a proliferation marker, Ki 67 with MIB-1, and hypocellular areas with prominent myxoid component and abundant collagen fibrils. There was predominance of delicate capillary-sized stromal vessels with collagenized walls in both cellular and myxoid areas. The unusual features in this case were osseous metaplasia, prominent intranuclear pseudoinclusions, dna tetraploidy, and membrane-bound intracytoplasmic fat vacuoles. The immunoprofile and cytologic and ultrastructural features are described. After the excision of the tumor, the patient was treated with radiotherapy without chemotherapy. The patient has been observed for 26 months and is alive without the evidence of disease. The postoperative follow-up with axial computed tomography at 24 months showed no evidence of disease, except postsurgical fibrotic changes.
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keywords = neoplasm
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3/402. Molecular assessment of clonality leads to the identification of a new germ line TP53 mutation associated with malignant cystosarcoma phyllodes and soft tissue sarcoma.

    Cystosarcoma phyllodes (CSP) is a rare breast neoplasm composed of stromal and epithelial elements. It usually runs a benign course but it may metastasize. In a 31-year-old patient with recurring CSP, a mesenchymal tumor in the leg developed. The question arose whether the latter tumor could be a metastasis from the CSP, which would have major treatment consequences. The problem was addressed using molecular methods, i.e., comparison of the pattern of polymorphic repeat markers on chromosome 17p as well as single strand conformation polymorphism analysis and sequencing of exons 5 to 8 of the TP53 gene in both tumor and normal tissue. An identical pattern of loss of heterozygosity in both breast tumors was demonstrated, but a different pattern was shown in the tumor in the leg. This led to the conclusion that the latter tumor had to be a new primary tumor. A mutation in codon 162 of the TP53 gene was found in the tumor tissue as well as in the normal tissue of this patient. This germ line mutation leads to the replacement of isoleucine by asparagine and most likely has functional consequences. In all four examined tumors of this patient, the normal TP53 allele was lost. This is strong evidence that this germ line TP53 mutation causes the genesis of these two rare primary mesenchymal tumors in this young patient. The current study exemplifies the power of molecular diagnostic methods in investigating the specific clinical problem of clonal relation between two separate tumors. The germ line mutation found in codon 162 of the TP53 gene and the association with cystosarcoma phyllodes have not been described previously.
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keywords = neoplasm
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4/402. Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma with extensive sarcomatous change: report of a case.

    A 77-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with severe upper abdominal pain. ultrasonography showed a well-defined hypoechoic mass with heterogeneity in the left lobe of the liver, and computed tomography demonstrated a low-density mass with enhanced peripheral areas. magnetic resonance imaging revealed a mass with iso- to low signal intensity on T1-weighted images (WI) and heterogeneous high and low signal intensity on T2 WI. The tumor was found to be hypovascular by angiography. During 5 months of observation, the tumor increased in size, which strongly suggested malignancy. A laparotomy was performed under the provisional diagnosis of a neoplasm other than hepatocellular carcinoma, revealing that the hepatic mass had invaded the gastric wall. Therefore, a left hepatic lobectomy with dissection of the lymph nodes and hemigastrectomy was carried out. Histologically, the tumor was found to be composed of a large amount of sarcomatous elements and a small amount of adenocarcinomatous elements, both of which were partly intermingled. Immunohistochemically, the sarcomatous element demonstrated the features of malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH). Thus, a diagnosis of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma with MFH-like sarcomatous change was confirmed.
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keywords = neoplasm
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5/402. Primary epithelioid sarcoma of the scalp.

    This article retrospectively reviewed a case of epithelioid sarcoma of the scalp; a treatment plan for this type of neoplasm has not been well defined in the literature because of the rarity of sarcomas in general and sarcomas located in the head and neck in particular. No comparative results can be drawn when dealing with such lesion in the scalp. Early recognition with an aggressive approach to confirm the existence of an epithelioid sarcoma is mandatory; a high index of diagnostic awareness is needed to recognize this uncommon tumor. early diagnosis can only be auspicious. Early wide surgical resection is imperative to ensure better control of imperceptible tumor extension, and well-planned diagnostic and therapeutic intervention, rather than isolated management and referral for adjunctive treatment, is important.
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keywords = neoplasm
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6/402. Pleomorphic large cell sarcoma of the spleen with rhabdomyosarcomatous differentiation.

    An unusual case is reported of pleomorphic large cell sarcoma of the spleen with rhabdomyosarcomatous differentiation in a 34-year old male. According to our knowledge, such a neoplasm has never been reported in the literature.
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7/402. Penile epithelioid sarcoma.

    Epithelioid sarcoma is a rare mesenchymal neoplasm. We had the opportunity to report a case of epithelioid sarcoma of the penis.
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8/402. Sarcomatoid salivary duct carcinoma of the parotid gland.

    Salivary duct carcinoma (SDC) is a high-grade neoplasm known to histologically resemble high-grade ductal carcinoma in situ of the breast. We describe 3 cases of sarcomatoid salivary duct carcinoma, a heretofore unreported variant of SDC. Each case was a composite of SDC and sarcomatoid carcinoma and histologically similar to reported cases arising in the breast. The clinicopathologic features, including immunohistochemistry, of 3 cases were investigated. In the 3 men, ages 56, 68, and 70 years, the resected parotid tumors measured 1.5, 3.5, and 1.5 cm, respectively. Only the 3.5-cm tumor extended beyond the parotid gland into soft tissue. This patient died at 3 years with pulmonary metastases. The other patients were free of disease at 6 and 12 months. Histologically, each case was a composite of usual-type SDC and sarcomatoid carcinoma. SDC showed typical cribriform architecture, whereas anaplastic, spindled cells constituted the sarcomatoid areas. Immunohistochemically, epithelial elements stained as follows: cytokeratin (AE1/AE3 & CAM 5.2) positive in 3 of 3 cases, EMA positive in 3 of 3 cases, vimentin negative in 3 of 3 cases, desmin negative in 3 of 3 cases, c-erbB-2 positive in 1 of 2 cases. Sarcomatoid elements stained as follows: AE1/AE3 negative in 3 of 3 cases, CAM 5.2 rare positive cell in 1 of 3 cases, EMA focally positive in 3 of 3 cases, vimentin positive in 3 of 3 cases, desmin negative in 3 of 3 cases, c-erbB-2 negative in 2 of 2 cases. Electron microscopy, performed in one case, showed scattered junctional complexes congruent with epithelial differentiation. Immunohistochemical results, EMA and CAM 5.2 positivity, and ultrastructural findings supported our belief that these unique biphasic tumors represented SDC with sarcomatoid carcinoma. We conclude an element of sarcomatoid carcinoma rarely may arise in association with SDC, and it is erroneous to diagnose such tumors as "carcinosarcoma."
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keywords = neoplasm
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9/402. Soft tissue sarcomas after radiation treatment for breast cancer. Three case studies and review of literature.

    AIMS: By means of 3 cases with infield soft tissue carcinomas after radiotherapy for breast cancer, symptoms and therapy are described. Consequences for treatment planning and patient's information before radiotherapy for breast cancer are discussed. patients: Three of 1,025 patients with breast cancer irradiated from 1984 to 1997 suffered from infield secondary soft tissue sarcomas. The latency periods were 61, 49 and 59 months. Two patients had been treated with breast-conserving therapy (computerized planning, 50 Gy to reference point, 5 times 2 Gy/week, 5-MV photons), 1 patient received a local boost dose of 15 Gy (10-MeV electrons), patient 3 radiotherapy of the thoracic wall and regional lymph nodes after mastectomy using 12-MeV electrons (thoracic wall) and 5-MV photons (lymph node areas) to 50 Gy, 5 times 2 Gy/week. No adjuvant chemotherapy was given. All sarcomas were very extensive, all patients died from local progression and/or distant failure after 17, 13 and 12 months. RESULTS: The incidence of spontaneous sarcomas of the breast is about 0.06%, after operation and radiotherapy 0.09 to 0.45%. No correlations to radiotherapy technique and no risk factors were found. radiation dose could play a role, but there are very sparse data about this. CONCLUSIONS: Secondary soft tissue sarcomas are very rare, but familiar complications of radiotherapy. Only early diagnosis leads to a chance for cure. Because of unclear correlations to the treatment parameters and rareness of this event, in our opinion no regular information to the patient receiving radiotherapy for breast cancer is mandatory.
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ranking = 0.34367165054315
keywords = cancer
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10/402. Postirradiation aortic sarcoma demonstrated by magnetic resonance angiography.

    This is the first ever reported case of a radiation-induced aortic sarcoma. This patient had symptoms and signs initially interpreted as a pulmonary embolus. The extent of the disease was demonstrated with magnetic resonance imaging and magnetic resonance angiography, in particular, allowing rapid surgical intervention.
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ranking = 9.742694385165
keywords = radiation-induced
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