Cases reported "Sarcoma"

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1/129. Proximal-type epithelioid sarcoma in the pelvic soft tissues.

    A case of proximal-type epithelioid sarcoma arising in the pelvic soft tissues of a 46-year-old man is presented. The tumor showed a predominantly epithelioid component with rhabdoid features, cord-like arrangement, small nests, abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm containing intracytoplasmic, paranuclear, hyaline-like globules, large vesicular nuclei, and prominent nucleoli. There were foci with alveolar arrangement and a spindle-cell proliferation. The tumor cells were positive for cytokeratin CAM5.2, vimentin, epithelial membrane antigen, and CD34. flow cytometry showed a diploid dna content with high S-phase fraction. The patient had pelvic lymph-node metastases. He died of the disease 5 months after diagnosis. It is important to include proximal-type epithelioid sarcoma in the differential diagnosis of pelvic tumors.
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ranking = 1
keywords = alveolar
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2/129. Intimal-type primary sarcoma of the aorta. Report of a case with evidence of rhabdomyosarcomatous differentiation.

    We report an intimal sarcoma presenting as an aortic aneurysm. A 68-year-old man suffered from chest pain and speech disturbance. Computed tomography showed a sacciform aneurysm of the aorta, which was resected, revealing a polypoid tumour measuring 1.5x2x2.5 cm projecting into the lumen. This proved to be a poorly differentiated high-grade sarcoma having morphological, immunophenotypic and ultrastructural features consistent with rhabdomyosarcomatous differentiation. Primary sarcomas of the aorta are extremely rare. Many cases have been diagnosed as "intimal" on the basis of their site of origin, and they are not easy to classify from their histological pattern. Electron microscopy and the use of a more comprehensive panel of immunohistochemical markers should be applied in the histological classification of"intimal" sarcoma.
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ranking = 18.251400268501
keywords = rhabdomyosarcoma
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3/129. Pleomorphic large cell sarcoma of the spleen with rhabdomyosarcomatous differentiation.

    An unusual case is reported of pleomorphic large cell sarcoma of the spleen with rhabdomyosarcomatous differentiation in a 34-year old male. According to our knowledge, such a neoplasm has never been reported in the literature.
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ranking = 18.251400268501
keywords = rhabdomyosarcoma
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4/129. Alveolar soft-part sarcoma in the oral cavity: report of a case.

    This case presents a rare tumor of the oral cavity--an alveolar soft-part sarcoma. Difficulties developed in the diagnosis, and therefore, consultations were required. Because of the radioresistant qualities of the lesion, wide surgical excision was performed. The patient's condition has been followed for 40 months without evidence of recurrence. The conclusion arrived at from review of the literature is that this is an indolent but malignant tumor and has so far proved to be 100% fatal. However, it may be 20 years before it proves fatal.
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ranking = 1
keywords = alveolar
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5/129. Sarcomatoid renal cell carcinoma with scant carcinomatous components.

    A 30-year-old male underwent radical nephrectomy for a right renal tumor 15 cm in diameter. On microscopic examination of initial 17 sections, the tumor consisted of pleomorphic giant cells and spindle neoplastic cells. There was no carcinomatous component. Immunohistochemically, the neoplastic cells were negative for keratin and epithelial membrane antigen but positive for vimentin. The giant cells were also scatteringly, weakly positive for myoglobin. At that time a diagnosis of rhabdomyosarcoma of the kidney was made. However, further microscopic examination of another eight sections revealed small areas of clear cell-type renal cell carcinoma (RCC) which transited to sarcomatous components and led to a diagnosis of sarcomatoid RCC. The patient underwent three cycles of adjuvant chemotherapy. He has been free of the disease for 14 months after nephrectomy.
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ranking = 3.6502800537002
keywords = rhabdomyosarcoma
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6/129. Granular cell traumatic neuroma: a lesion occurring in mastectomy scars.

    BACKGROUND: Granular cell changes can be observed in a variety of benign and malignant tumors, and are seen more commonly in granular cell tumors, which in about 5% of cases develop in the breast. Granular cells also have been observed in sites of previous trauma, such as surgery, and are found to be inflammatory reactions of histiocytic origin. methods AND RESULTS: We investigated, morphologically and immunohistochemically, 2 granular cell lesions occurring in mastectomy scars after surgery for carcinoma. Both lesions were composed of strands and nests of large granular cells, haphazardly set in a background of fibrous tissue, with sparse inflammatory infiltrates. Several tortuous hypertrophic nerve bundles were also embedded in the fibrous tissue. A few of these nerve bundles showed degenerative changes and contained granular cells. Immunohistochemically, granular cells were positive for S100 protein, neuron-specific enolase, vimentin, and CD68 antigen. CONCLUSIONS: We consider these proliferative lesions of peripheral nerves to have the features of both granular cell tumor and traumatic neuroma. These cases indicate that traumatic neuroma can undergo extensive granular cell changes and constitute a previously unrecognized entity, which we provisionally label granular cell traumatic neuroma. Granular cell traumatic neuroma has to be taken into consideration when evaluating lesions occurring at mastectomy scars and should be differentiated from malignant tumors with granular cells, such as apocrine carcinoma and alveolar soft part sarcoma.
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ranking = 1
keywords = alveolar
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7/129. Detection of isolated distant metastasis in soft tissue sarcoma by fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography: case report.

    Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG), labeled with F-18, is a glucose analog that accumulates in cells in proportion to the rate of glucose metabolism, and increased carbohydrate metabolism has been recognized as a feature of malignant cells versus normal cells. In addition, it permits the detection of metastases not discovered by bone scan. Although detection of the primary site of disease is usually accomplished well with conventional techniques, the performance of FDG positron emission tomography (PET) may be useful to determine metastases that are not clinically evident. The authors describe a case of early detection of distant metastases by FDG-PET in a young patient diagnosed with rhabdomyosarcoma of the hand.
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ranking = 3.6502800537002
keywords = rhabdomyosarcoma
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8/129. A highly aggressive primitive mesenchymal tumor with a translocation (1;19)(q12;q13.2).

    Soft tissue sarcomas constitute a heterogeneous group of malignant tumors of mesenchymal origin, the classification of which may present a diagnostic challenge. We present here the cytological, histopathological, immunohistochemical, and cytogenetic findings of an unusual case of a highly aggressive sarcoma. Based on the morphology and the immunohistochemical profile, this primitive tumor and its metastases could not be conclusively classified as any of the defined subtypes of sarcomas, although the findings were suggestive of a variant of rhabdomyosarcoma. Cytogenetic characterization using G-banding, SKY, FISH, and CGH revealed almost identical chromosomal compositions of the primary tumor and the metastasis. The hypertetraploid karyotype was characterized by numerical imbalances as well as by an unbalanced translocation t(1;19)(q12;q13.2), which has not been previously reported.
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ranking = 3.6502800537002
keywords = rhabdomyosarcoma
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9/129. An unusual association between oral sarcoma and bulbar palsy.

    A 90 year old male presented with symptoms and signs of right lower cranial nerves palsy. A small mass was found on the right side at the back of his mouth. light microscopy and histoimmunochemical studies of the biopsy of the mass showed an alveolar soft part sarcoma arising from the right myohyoid muscle. The unusual location and presentation of this rare tumor is discussed.
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ranking = 1
keywords = alveolar
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10/129. Malignant islet cell tumor with sarcomatous differentiation.

    Malignant mesenchymal neoplasms of the pancreas are rare and malignant islet cell tumors with sarcomatous dedifferentiation are rarer still. We present a case of malignant islet cell tumor with sarcomatous differentiation, which to our knowledge is only the second reported case showing such a combination of morphologic features. Clinically, the neoplasm was not hormonally active and immunohistochemical staining was negative for gastrin, glucagon, insulin and somatostatin. The sarcomatous component strongly reacted with an antibody directed against vimentin, and a minority of cells stained strongly with antisera directed against desmin and smooth muscle actin. The spindle cell component was nonreactive with antibodies directed against factor viii. The myogenous direction of differentiation in the present tumor is similar to that seen in the prior case report of malignant islet cell tumor with rhabdomyosarcomatous differentiation.
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ranking = 3.6502800537002
keywords = rhabdomyosarcoma
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