Cases reported "Sarcoma"

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11/1421. Proximal-type epithelioid sarcoma in the pelvic soft tissues.

    A case of proximal-type epithelioid sarcoma arising in the pelvic soft tissues of a 46-year-old man is presented. The tumor showed a predominantly epithelioid component with rhabdoid features, cord-like arrangement, small nests, abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm containing intracytoplasmic, paranuclear, hyaline-like globules, large vesicular nuclei, and prominent nucleoli. There were foci with alveolar arrangement and a spindle-cell proliferation. The tumor cells were positive for cytokeratin CAM5.2, vimentin, epithelial membrane antigen, and CD34. flow cytometry showed a diploid dna content with high S-phase fraction. The patient had pelvic lymph-node metastases. He died of the disease 5 months after diagnosis. It is important to include proximal-type epithelioid sarcoma in the differential diagnosis of pelvic tumors.
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ranking = 1
keywords = sarcoma
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12/1421. Primary cardiac myofibroblastic sarcoma, case report and review of diagnosis and treatment of cardiac tumors.

    Primary cardiac tumors are rare entities with a frequency between 0.0017% to 0.28%. We report a 53 year old male with a primary cardiac myofibroblastic sarcoma that presented with a hemorrhagic pericardial effusion. A review of the literature is presented with a brief discussion of the clinical presentation diagnosis and treatment of benign and malignant primary cardiac tumors.
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ranking = 0.83333333333333
keywords = sarcoma
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13/1421. Simulation of renal function by tumor and its effect on the calculated glomerular filtration rate.

    A patient with a retroperitoneal sarcoma near the left kidney was to undergo radiotherapy. Renal assessment with Tc-99m DTPA to determine renal function before radiotherapy resulted in what was thought to be a low glomerular filtration rate based on the Gates computer method and the Russell two-blood-sample method. Most likely this resulted from the observed significant accumulation of DTPA in the tumor for the first few minutes with washout for the rest of the imaging time, simulating renal function.
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ranking = 0.16666666666667
keywords = sarcoma
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14/1421. Cellular schwannoma mimics a sarcoma: an example of a potential pitfall in aspiration cytodiagnosis.

    Cellular schwannoma, a variant of benign schwannoma, is characterized by marked nuclear pleomorphism and hyperchromasia and may be overdiagnosed as a malignancy in fine-needle aspiration specimens. We report the aspiration cytology findings of a case of cellular schwannoma that arose in the parapharyngeal region of a 50-yr-old woman.
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ranking = 0.66666666666667
keywords = sarcoma
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15/1421. Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma with extensive sarcomatous change: report of a case.

    A 77-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with severe upper abdominal pain. ultrasonography showed a well-defined hypoechoic mass with heterogeneity in the left lobe of the liver, and computed tomography demonstrated a low-density mass with enhanced peripheral areas. magnetic resonance imaging revealed a mass with iso- to low signal intensity on T1-weighted images (WI) and heterogeneous high and low signal intensity on T2 WI. The tumor was found to be hypovascular by angiography. During 5 months of observation, the tumor increased in size, which strongly suggested malignancy. A laparotomy was performed under the provisional diagnosis of a neoplasm other than hepatocellular carcinoma, revealing that the hepatic mass had invaded the gastric wall. Therefore, a left hepatic lobectomy with dissection of the lymph nodes and hemigastrectomy was carried out. Histologically, the tumor was found to be composed of a large amount of sarcomatous elements and a small amount of adenocarcinomatous elements, both of which were partly intermingled. Immunohistochemically, the sarcomatous element demonstrated the features of malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH). Thus, a diagnosis of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma with MFH-like sarcomatous change was confirmed.
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ranking = 1.1666666666667
keywords = sarcoma
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16/1421. Epithelioid sarcoma of the penis. Clinicopathologic study of a tumor with myogenic features and review of the literature concerning this unusual location.

    Soft tissue tumors of the penis are uncommon. We report here the clinicopathologic features of a penile epithelioid sarcoma (ES), review the literature concerning this unusual location and focalize our attention on its differentiation. The 34-year-old patient was admitted for abrupt urinary retention due to the growth of a firm and painful plaque on the left side of the shaft, three years previously clinically diagnosed as Peyronie's disease. Magnetic nuclear resonance revealed an infiltrating lesion of both corpora cavernosa. histology of bioptic fragments showed a nodular malignant spindle and epithelioid cell tumor with focal necrosis and relatively high mitotic rate. Based on the immunohistochemical data (cytokeratin , vimentin , EMA , CD34 , and S100-), the diagnosis of ES was strongly considered. Penectomy was undertaken and the diagnosis confirmed by both light and ultrastructural microscopy. The 22 month follow-up was free of recurrences and metastases. Although not dissimilar from the 10 previously described ES of the penis in terms of natural history and histology, the tumor reported here showed myogenic features as revealed by both immunohistochemistry (immunoreactivity for muscle specific actin) and ultrastructure (intercellular junctions, discontinuous basal lamina, pinocytotic vesicles and thin filaments with intercalated dense bodies). Although previously observed in ES of other sites, this feature has never been established in ES of the penis.
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ranking = 0.83333333333333
keywords = sarcoma
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17/1421. sarcoma of the main pulmonary artery: an unusual etiology for recurrent pulmonary emboli.

    We describe a case of primary pulmonary artery (PA) trunk spindle cell sarcoma in an 86 year old female presenting clinically with debilitating signs of recurrent pulmonary embolism. Further extensive work aroused suspicion for pulmonary artery malignancy. Palliative wide surgical resection, pulmonary artery tumor embolectomy and reconstruction of the proximal pulmonary artery and right ventricle outflow tract (RVOT) with bovine pericardial tissue were performed. She survived the procedure with an improved quality of life, but expired due to recurrence at 6 months postoperatively. Albeit uncommon, pulmonary artery sarcoma is nowadays a more frequently preoperatively diagnosed and surgically treated malignancy. With a modern low perioperative mortality, aggressive surgical resection remains as the single most effective modality for its treatment and can result in short term palliation in selected patients.
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ranking = 0.33333333333333
keywords = sarcoma
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18/1421. pulmonary artery sarcoma diagnosed using intravascular ultrasound images.

    Primary and secondary malignant intravascular tumours of the pulmonary artery occur infrequently and the diagnosis is usually delayed as symptoms and findings from conventional examinations are non-specific. The case is presented of a patient with a pulmonary artery sarcoma, probably arising from ribs resected some years previously, in which intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) provided important diagnostic findings.
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ranking = 0.83333333333333
keywords = sarcoma
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19/1421. Pulmonary cysts as the sole metastatic manifestation of soft tissue sarcoma: case report and consideration of the pathogenesis.

    A 29-year-old woman with an unusual form of pulmonary metastasis from epithelioid sarcoma of the right forearm is presented. Since she manifested left pneumothorax due to metastatic pulmonary cyst 7 years ago, the only metastatic manifestation has been the presence of bilateral multiple thin-walled pulmonary cysts; no other types of pulmonary lesions, such as nodules, cavitary lesions with thick or irregular walls, or extrapulmonary metastases, have been found. Pathologic studies revealed metastatic proliferation of sarcoma cells in the wall of the pulmonary cysts and infiltration of malignant cells inside the microscopic cavitary metastases surrounded by normal lung parenchyma.
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ranking = 1
keywords = sarcoma
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20/1421. Intimal-type primary sarcoma of the aorta. Report of a case with evidence of rhabdomyosarcomatous differentiation.

    We report an intimal sarcoma presenting as an aortic aneurysm. A 68-year-old man suffered from chest pain and speech disturbance. Computed tomography showed a sacciform aneurysm of the aorta, which was resected, revealing a polypoid tumour measuring 1.5x2x2.5 cm projecting into the lumen. This proved to be a poorly differentiated high-grade sarcoma having morphological, immunophenotypic and ultrastructural features consistent with rhabdomyosarcomatous differentiation. Primary sarcomas of the aorta are extremely rare. Many cases have been diagnosed as "intimal" on the basis of their site of origin, and they are not easy to classify from their histological pattern. Electron microscopy and the use of a more comprehensive panel of immunohistochemical markers should be applied in the histological classification of"intimal" sarcoma.
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ranking = 2.1666666666667
keywords = sarcoma
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