Cases reported "Scabies"

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1/20. Crusted scabies in association with human T-cell lymphotropic virus 1.

    BACKGROUND: Human T-cell lymphotropic virus I (HTLV- 1) infection can lead to myelopathy/tropical spastic paresis and adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL). infection with HTLV-1 has also been associated with clinically significant immunosuppression. Crusted scabies, also known as Norwegian scabies, is an uncommon presentation of scabies that may occur in conjunction with immunosuppression. Although crusted scabies has been reported in association with HTLV-1 infection, to our knowledge it has never been described in association with HTLV-1 associated myelopathy. OBJECTIVE: The aim is to describe a case of HTLV-1 associated myelopathy and concomitant crusted scabies. methods: This article includes a case report and a literature review. CONCLUSIONS: Crusted scabies is reported in association with HTLV-1 infection with or without concomitant ATLL. Crusted scabies should be considered in the differential diagnosis of a generalized cutaneous eruption in an HTLV-1 positive patient. patients with crusted scabies from an HTLV-1 endemic population should be rested for a possible HTLV-1 infection. These patients may be at increased risk of progressing to ATLL.
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2/20. Crusted scabies in an immunocompetent child: treatment with ivermectin.

    An 11-year-old girl presented to our clinic with recalcitrant crusted scabies despite repeated applications of topical scabicides. She had no history of corticosteroid use prior to onset of the eruption and no evidence of immunodeficiency. A combination of oral ivermectin, topical lindane, and keratolytics cleared the infestation. Our patient is exceptional in that she had no risk factors commonly associated with a propensity to develop crusted scabies. While topical therapy remains the first-line treatment for children with classic scabies, in the unusual instance of a child with recalcitrant, crusted scabies, ivermectin may offer an efficacious alternative, although it should be used with caution. We discuss the use of oral ivermectin for treatment of crusted scabies and the challenging comprehensive management needed for this socially stigmatizing condition.
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keywords = eruption
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3/20. Bullous eruption associated with scabies: evidence for scabetic induction of true bullous pemphigoid.

    Some patients with scabies develop bullae concomitantly with, or subsequently after, the occurrence of scabetic lesions. Although several immunofluorescence studies have demonstrated immunoglobulin deposition in the basement membrane zone of bullous lesions, it remained unclear whether these antibodies are directed to bullous pemphigoid antigens. We clearly show that two scabetic patients with bullous eruptions had circulating antibodies against BP180 and/or BP230 as determined by Western blotting analysis. This is the first report to demonstrate that at least some of the bullous eruptions occurring in scabetics are true bullous pemphigoid.
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ranking = 6
keywords = eruption
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4/20. scabies simulating darier disease in an immunosuppressed host.

    A patient who had recently had renal transplant was on a maintenance regimen of azathioprine and prednisone. She developed a florid, scaling, papular eruption clinically identical to Darler disease. biopsy specimens and skin scrapings, however, showed a scabietic infestation. We believe that this highly atypical presenation, which had several features found in Norwegian scabies, was due to muted inflammatory response that permitted a great proliferation of the mites.
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5/20. Crusted (Norwegian) scabies in two old-age home residents.

    scabies is commonly seen in hospitals, where it frequently affects geriatric and convalescent patients. The clinical features of the classic form of scabies are well recognised. Crusted (Norwegian) scabies, which is a hyperinfestation variant of scabies, is very contagious and can present as other dermatoses, thus delaying the correct diagnosis and management. Two residents of different old-age homes presented with hyperkeratotic skin eruptions, which later proved to be crusted scabies. In both cases, the scabies was initially misdiagnosed as eczema. The delay in making a correct diagnosis led to an outbreak of scabies in the old-age home in which one of the patients was residing.
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6/20. Two cases of eosinophilic pustular folliculitis associated with parasitic infestations.

    Two patients presented with papular eruptions that could not be diagnosed clinically. Biopsies of these lesions showed eosinophilic pustular folliculitis (EPF). Both cases were subsequently found to have infestations: one as a result of cutaneous larva migrans was successfully treated with ivermectin and the other caused by scabies mites was successfully treated with topical pyrethrin. The two cases of EPF presented emphasize the need for careful clinicopathological correlation to determine the cause.
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7/20. sarcoptes scabiei infestation misdiagnosed and treated as Langerhans cell histiocytosis.

    The inflammatory cell infiltrate in sarcoptes scabiei infestations often includes langerhans cells. scabies infestations in children may mimic Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) clinically as well. We report two children with scabies who were misdiagnosed clinically and histologically as LCH and treated with systemic chemotherapy. scabies must always be ruled out in infants and children with eczematous eruptions and inflammatory infiltrates that include histiocytes on histologic examination.
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keywords = eruption
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8/20. Acropustulosis of infancy.

    Acropustulosis of infancy (Al) is a syndrome consisting of pruritic pustules that are found primarily on the extremities of infants. It is uncommon, but not rare, and persists about two years. In two infants in whom Al began at birth, there was a striking response to sulfones. There was no response to other therapy. Laboratory findings are not diagnostic for Al. Similar histopathologic changes (subcorneal pustules) can be found in other eruptions of infancy.
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9/20. A case of crusted scabies with a bullous pemphigoid-like eruption and nail involvement.

    We report a case of a 71-year-old man infected at a nursing home who developed a bullous pemphigoid-like eruption with nail involvement. He was diagnosed by his family doctor as suffering from eczema and was treated with topical corticosteroids, then blisters started appearing. He was next diagnosed as suffering from bullous pemphigoid and treated with oral prednisolone, which worsened his condition. He was finally diagnosed as having crusted scabies with bullous pemphigoid-like eruptions and nail involvement at our clinic. He was then prescribed oral ivermectin (two doses of 12 mg ivermectin with a 1-week interval) and topical lindane (1%gamma-BHC in petrolatum) for scabies with 5% salicylic acid in plastibase as an additional treatment for the crusted lesions on his soles. He showed remarkable improvement in 2 weeks, and his nails showed complete recovery after 7 weeks of occlusive dressing treatment with 1%gamma-BHC. One and a half years later, the patient showed no sign of a recurrence of scabies. The histology of a blister taken from this patient was similar to that of bullous pemphigoid. Direct immunofluorescence showed immunoglobulin (Ig)G and C3 deposition at the dermoepidermal junction similar to that of bullous pemphigoid, but indirect immunofluorescence was negative. The bullous symptoms of this patient were considered to be due to the scabies, because the patient recovered completely after receiving treatment for scabies. Indirect immunofluorescent study is important to distinguish between scabies with blister formation and true bullous pemphigoid.
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ranking = 6
keywords = eruption
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10/20. scabies presenting as bullous pemphigoid-like eruption.

    Several diseases, at times, may be confused with scabies. We report the diagnosis and treatment of scabies in two patients. Their eruptions recurred and persisted and eventually developed blisters. The skin biopsy specimens submitted for light microscopy and immunofluorescence were considered to be consistent with bullous pemphigoid. Both patients were treated successfully with lindane and remained disease free for up to 6 months of follow-up.
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ranking = 5
keywords = eruption
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