Cases reported "Scleredema Adultorum"

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1/61. Nuchal fibroma associated with scleredema, diabetes mellitus and organic solvent exposure.

    A case of scleredema diabeticorum of Buschke associated with nuchal fibroma and organic solvent exposure is reported. The patient presented with a neck mass causing discomfort and restriction of movement. Histological examination showed this to be a nuchal fibroma. Additionally, there was widespread induration of the skin of his trunk which was asymptomatic. A biopsy showed features of scleredema. This is the first reported association of these two conditions, both of which show increased and thickened collagen bundles without significant fibroblast proliferation. They differ by the occurrence of mucin in scleredema, although this is not always demonstrable, particularly in late lesions. The possibility that nuchal fibroma is an end stage, localized form of scleredema is canvassed. The patient's medical history included insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus with complications of retinal vessel thrombosis and peripheral neuropathy. The patient also had significant past exposure to a wide variety of chemicals, including organic solvents. ( info)

2/61. Scleredema associated with paraproteinaemia treated by extracorporeal photopheresis.

    Scleredema is a rare disease characterized by extensive cutaneous woody, non-pitting induration that spreads throughout the body. We describe a patient with scleredema associated with paraproteinaemia who was successfully treated by extracorporeal photopheresis. ( info)

3/61. Biomechanical measurement of skin distensibility in scleredema of Buschke associated with multiple myeloma.

    We report a case of scleredema of Buschke associated with IgG kappa monoclonal hypergammaglobulinaemia. After myeloma polychemotherapy an improvement in skin involvement was observed and confirmed by means of noninvasive skin elasticity measurements. This suggests a relationship between the two diseases. The bioengineering method used can be useful for early detection and monitoring the skin involvement in patients with this disease association. ( info)

4/61. Scleroderma-like syndrome in a child: eosinophilic fasciitis or scleredema adultorum?

    A 6-year-old female patient presented with a rapidly progressive scleroderma-like syndrome involving almost the entire integument. Initially clinical patterns and histopathological data of both eosinophilic fasciitis and scleredema adultorum were present. The course of the disease remained unusual for both conditions but finally argued in favour of the diagnosis of eosinophilic fasciitis. CONCLUSION: Eosinophilic fasciitis and scleredema adultorum might be subtypes of one disease entity. ( info)

5/61. scleredema adultorum.

    scleredema adultorum is a rare connective tissue disorder reported usually following streptococcal infection, influenza, measles, and mumps. It has been reported occasionally following trauma and tuberculous lymphadenitis. This is a report of scleredema adultorum developing after chicken pox in an eight-year-old male child. The diagnosis was established by characteristic picture on skin biopsy using special stain. The patient had a benign course and a spontaneous recovery in two weeks. The case has been reported as the first case of scleredema adultorum developing after chicken pox. ( info)

6/61. Beneficial effect of aggressive low-density lipoprotein apheresis in a familial hypercholesterolemic patient with severe diabetic scleredema.

    We present a 59-year-old woman with severe diabetic scleredema (DS) associated with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (FH). She had been treated with drugs to lower blood glucose, with insulin for diabetes mellitus (DM), and with low-density lipoprotein (LDL) apheresis therapy monthly or every 2 weeks in addition to drugs to lower serum lipids for FH. However, her scleredema had not improved. After we had tried weekly LDL apheresis therapy for a period of 3 years to treat her hyperlipidemia, the levels of her serum lipids were reduced to normal ranges, and scleredema in her nape improved. We also demonstrated the histopathological improvement in dermis of her cervical skin. We conclude that weekly LDL apheresis therapy is effective for diabetic scleredema that is resistant to conventional treatments. ( info)

7/61. Ultrastructural abnormalities in the skin nerves of a patient with scleredema adultorum (Buschke) and diabetes mellitus.

    In an electron-microscopic study of the skin of a patient with scleredema adultorum (Buschke) and diabetes mellitus, the unmyelinated nerve fibres showed accumulations of glycogen. On morphological grounds, these accumulations appeared to be located in the axons. ( info)

8/61. Scleredema diabeticorum--a case report.

    A 41 year male, diabetic on treatment presented with persistent erythema and. "taut" skin over neck and back since 1 year. The lesions showed symmetric and gradual progression. There was no history of prior sore throat. On examination effected skin was erythematous, woody hard and unpinchable. Scleredema diabeticorum (diutinum), although sharing clinical and historical features with scleredema adultorum has no prodromal infection, is more extensive and affected individuals are characteristically obese, middle aged diabetics who often have accompanying microangiopathies and macroangiopathies. Recognition of scleredema by the physician has prognostic and therapeutic implications in the management of the coexisting diabetes. ( info)

9/61. Two cases for diagnosis: asymmetric childhood scleredema or stiff skin syndrome?

    Two children with chronic and asymmetric skin indurations are presented. The clinical and pathologic features are suggestive of asymmetric childhood scleredema and stiff skin syndrome. The key features of scleredema and stiff skin syndrome are discussed. ( info)

10/61. Scleroderma.

    A 72-year-old man with diabetes-associated scleredema is presented. The patient had a long history of diabetes mellitus that had been difficult to control with complications of retinopathy, nephropathy, and arteriosclerosis leading to myocardial infarcts and stroke. The scleredema has remained stable with 4 months of topical clobetasol ointment twice daily and biweekly physical therapy. Diseases associated with scleredema and therapeutic options are summarized. ( info)
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