Cases reported "Sclerosis"

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1/37. sweat gland proliferations in scleromyxedema.

    Eccrine sweat duct proliferations may be found in various inflammatory and neoplastic skin lesions. We report a patient with scleromyxedema with extensive proliferations of intradermal sweat ducts. Three-dimensional reconstruction demonstrated extensive coiling and branching of the sweat ducts leading into cystic lacunae. In contrast to the basal cell carcinoma that had grown within the scleromyxedematous skin, the ducts close to the lumen stained positive for carcinoembryonic antigen and could therefore be differentiated from basal cell carcinoma. In micrographically controlled surgery of cutaneous epithelial tumors that are located in chronically inflamed skin, such sweat gland proliferations have to be considered as differential diagnosis.
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2/37. Sclerosing Mucoepidermoid carcinoma with eosinophilia of the thyroid glands: a case report with clinical manifestation of recurrent neck mass.

    Sclerosing mucoepidermoid carcinoma with eosinophilia (SMECE) is a recently recognized malignant neoplasm of the thyroid gland. About 14 cases of SMECE have been reported and this is the first reported case in korea. A 57-year-old woman presented with right neck mass for 20 years. Total thyroidectomy was performed under the impression of thyroid carcinoma. The resected thyroid gland showed a poorly circumscribed hard mass. Histologically, the tumor consisted of solid nests of large atypical cells with dense fibrous stroma. The tumor cells showed squamoid appearance with abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm. There were also rare mucin-containing cells within the nests. Within the hyalinized stroma, numerous eosinophils were found. The surrounding thyroid parenchyma displayed Hashimoto's thyroiditis. There was metastasis in a regional lymph node. Two years after initial surgery, she underwent a modified radical neck dissection due to recurrent neck mass. After the radiation therapy for eight weeks, laryngectomy and esophagectomy were performed due to a recurrent carcinoma in the esophageal wall. We report an additional case of SMECE, with metastasis to regional lymph nodes and esophagus. The tumor appears to be more aggressive than previously reported and a correct diagnosis can be rendered by just examining the metastatic lesions.
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keywords = gland
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3/37. Chronic sclerosing sialadenitis of the submandibular gland associated with idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis.

    We report a case of a 57-year-old man who developed a fibrosclerosing lesion in the submandibular gland and idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis (IRF) involving the unilateral periureteral region within a year. Both lesions were resected surgically because of the suspicion of neoplasm. Pathologic examination revealed similar histologic and immunohistochemical features for both lesions, namely, fibrosclerosis with prominent hyalinizing collagen bundles and proliferation of myofibroblastic cells, and a non-neoplastic reactive nature. There was infiltration by lymphocytes with prominent lymph follicles, plasma cells and macrophages. The histologic and immunohistochemical findings suggest that the two lesions were of a similar pathogenesis, which was possibly mediated by macrophages. We think that the present case may be an unusual form of multifocal fibrosclerosis. Although sialolithiasis is thought to be a major pathogenic factor for chronic sclerosing sialadenitis of the submandibular gland, the present case suggests that certain cases might have an etiology similar to IRF.
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keywords = submandibular gland, submandibular, gland
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4/37. Metaplastic carcinoma of the breast arising within complex sclerosing lesion: a report of five cases.

    AIMS: This study presents a series of five cases in which metaplastic carcinoma, predominantly low-grade adenosquamous carcinoma, of the breast is seen arising within a background of a complex sclerosing lesion. This association has been recognized previously but has not been documented in detail. This study describes the characteristics of the components present in each case and discusses the existing literature. This observation adds further evidence to support an association between some types of invasive breast carcinoma and sclerosing lesions of the breast. methods AND RESULTS: Four of these cases were received as referral cases for opinion. The fifth was received as part of the routine surgical workload within our own institution. Two patients presented following mammographic screening and three symptomatically; their mean age was 62 years (range 49-68). The mean lesion size was 16 mm (range 7-24). All five lesions showed features of a complex sclerosing lesion/radial scar in the form of central sclerosis with elastosis and radiating benign entrapped tubules. One had associated benign papillary structures and two had focal benign squamous metaplasia. Four cases showed coexisting but distinct areas of low-grade adenosquamous carcinoma with glandular and squamous epithelial differentiation in a spindle cell background. One case had associated undifferentiated spindle cell carcinoma. Detailed immunophenotypic characteristics of two cases are presented. CONCLUSIONS: This series illustrates a postulated but previously unconfirmed association between an unusual form of metaplastic breast carcinoma (adenosquamous carcinoma) and complex sclerosing lesions. The mechanisms of induction of breast carcinoma are poorly understood but these observations further emphasize the potential for sclerosing lesion of the breast to be associated with, and possibly give rise to, invasive carcinoma of different types. The precise nature of the interaction between the pathological processes remains unclear.
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keywords = gland
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5/37. Immunological similarities between primary sclerosing cholangitis and chronic sclerosing sialadenitis: report of the overlapping of these two autoimmune diseases.

    Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is characterized by destructive inflammation and fibrosis affecting the bile ducts. The etiology of PSC is still unknown, although lymphocytic infiltration in the portal areas suggests an immune-mediated destruction of the bile ducts. patients with one autoimmune disease often suffer from one or more other autoimmune diseases. It is well known that there is a close relationship between PSC and inflammatory bowel disease, particularly ulcerative colitis(UC). However, the pathological findings in UC and other overlap diseases do not resemble those of PSC. In the present study, we report a patient with chronic sclerosing sialadenitis (Kuttner's tumor) and PSC. It is compared the sclerosing changes in both salivary glands and bile ducts histologically. In addition, the expression pattern of mast cell tryptase, b-FGF, and HLA-DR were examined in both tissues immunohistochemically. Histological features of sclerosing change in both salivary and bile ducts were quite similar. Marked mast cell infiltration and b-FGF expression were seen in the sclerosing areas in both tissues. In active inflammatory areas of the salivary glands, HLA-DR expression was also seen. We hypothesized that similar immune reactions occur in both the salivary gland and bile ducts and are responsible for the fibrosis that follows.
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6/37. Occurrence of Riedel's thyroiditis in the course of sub-acute thyroiditis.

    Riedel's thyroiditis is an uncommon form of chronic thyroiditis characterized by an invasive fibrosclerosis of the gland, often involving surrounding tissue. The relationship of Riedel's thyroiditis to other forms of thyroiditis is not clear. We presented a 47 year-old woman first diagnosed with sub-acute thyroiditis based on clinical findings and laboratory results. Eight months later, she had a thyroidectomy operation due to an enlargement of the thyroid gland and symptoms of compression. Histopathologic evaluation showed that she had Riedel's thyroiditis, but there were some histopathologic findings of sub-acute thyroiditis as well. Until now, there has only been one case reported in which Riedel's thyroiditis was diagnosed in a patient with a history of sub-acute thyroiditis in the literature. Although aetiology of Riedel's thyroiditis is unknown, it may develop in the course of sub-acute thyroiditis.
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keywords = gland
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7/37. Multifocal fibrosclerosis as a possible cause of panhypopituitarism with central diabetes insipidus.

    Multifocal fibrosclerosis denotes a combination of similar fibrous disorders occurring at different anatomical sites. We encountered a 53-year-old male patient with orbital pseudotumor, chronic paranasal sinusitis, fibrous nodules of the lungs, intracranial pachymeningitis, and panhypopituitarism with central diabetes insipidus (DI) as a possible manifestation of multifocal fibrosclerosis. It has been reported that intracranial pachymeningitis or orbital pseudotumor associated with multifocal fibrosclerosis could invade the sella turcica causing a variety of anterior and/or posterior pituitary dysfunctions. In our case, intracranial pachymeningitis apparently involved the pituitary stalk and gland. Isolated gonadotropin deficiency, in addition to central DI, preceded panhypopituitarism. Although panhypopituitarism with central DI due to multifocal fibrosclerosis is quite rare and only one case has ever been reported, this systemic fibrotic disorder can be a possible cause of panhypopituitarism with central DI.
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8/37. Extensive sterile abscess in an invasive fibrous thyroiditis (Riedel's thyroiditis) caused by an occlusive vasculitis.

    Riedel's thyroiditis is a rare disease determined by an invasive fibrosclerotic transformation of the thyroid gland. It may be one manifestation of multifocal fibrosis with still unknown etiology. Because it mimics carcinoma, a biopsy must be performed to get the correct diagnosis. The condition is self-limiting when confined to the neck. prognosis depends on the extent of extracervical fibrosclerosis. We present a patient with a huge cervical and mediastinal, unilateral thyroid mass expanding to the aortic curve, which led to tracheal deviation and compression with symptoms of stridor and dyspnea. These symptoms continued under a course of high-dose steroids; thus an operation was necessary to relieve the airway obstruction and limit inflammation. Intraoperative and pathological findings showed an inflammatory infiltration of the adjacent neck muscles and a sterile abscess caused by an occlusive vasculitis. Therefore, hemithyroidectomy had to be performed instead of a local limited resection.
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ranking = 0.2
keywords = gland
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9/37. Sclerosing mucoepidermoid carcinoma with eosinophilia of the salivary glands.

    We encountered two cases of low malignant mucoepidermoid carcinoma with scanty cellular atypism which originated in the parotid or submandibular gland and was characterized by marked fibrosis and eosinophilic infiltration within tumor tissue despite the predominance of the squamous component. Here we report these two cases and provide a review of the literature. We believe that clinically these two tumors with stromal fibrosis and eosinophilic infiltration have a low malignant potential, although histological examination revealed a scanty mucus-producing epithelial component. Therefore, we consider this type of tumor as a new subtype of mucoepidermoid carcinoma. A low-malignant mucoepidermoid carcinoma with stromal fibrosis and eosinophilic infiltration, as described in these two cases, may be misdiagnosed as a highly malignant mucoepidermoid carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma because of its histologically scanty mucus-producing epithelial component. The objective of this study was to clarify their differences and to discuss the rendering of an accurate histological diagnosis, the degree of malignancy in relation to prognosis prediction, and the choice of therapy. In addition, we propose regarding this type of tumor as a new subtype of mucoepidermoid carcinoma.
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ranking = 9.4757540141832
keywords = submandibular gland, submandibular, gland
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10/37. Bilateral submandibular salivary gland swelling--a report of chronic sialodochitis with eosinophilia.

    A case of bilateral swelling of the submandibular salivary glands is presented. The histopathological features were diffuse periductal sclerosis with a lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate which was rich in eosinophils. Some acinar atrophy was seen. salivary ducts showed mucous and squamous prosoplasia, with focal inspissated mucin. Numerous dilated and congested blood vessels were prominent throughout the stroma. These features overlapped with those of Kimura's disease and angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophils. The features of these conditions and a differential diagnosis are discussed.
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ranking = 5.8831211104823
keywords = submandibular, gland
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