Cases reported "Sclerosis"

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1/648. Cranio-cerebral erosion: delayed diagnosis and treatment.

    Cranio-cerebral erosion is a well-known complication of calvarian fracture with underlying dural tear and cerebral injury in infancy and early childhood. The anatomy, pathogenesis and natural evolution of these lesions remain obscure. The common clinical symptoms are seizures, focal neurological deficits, impairment of consciousness and a soft subgaleal mass. Three patients of cranio-cerebral erosion who underwent delayed surgery in their adult lives are presented to illustrate the common and uncommon features, and their long-term outcome is discussed. ( info)

2/648. Reactivation of herpes virus after surgery for epilepsy in a pediatric patient with mesial temporal sclerosis: case report.

    OBJECTIVE: This case report is presented to raise the awareness of the potential risk of reactivation of herpes simplex virus (HSV) encephalitis after intracranial surgery. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: The case of an 8-year-old male patient who suffered a reactivation of HSV encephalitis after undergoing amygdalohippocampectomy for complex partial seizures is reported. This patient had previously contracted HSV 1 meningoencephalitis at the age of 16 months. Six years later, a left amygdalohippocampectomy was proposed after the development of intractable partial epilepsy associated with left mesial temporal lesions. During the postoperative period, the patient suffered severe clinical deterioration with partial status epilepticus, aphasia, and hyperthermia, which resolved after intensive antiepileptic treatment supported by acyclovir. CONCLUSION: We advise prophylactic pre-, peri-, and postoperative treatment with acyclovir for patients with known histories of HSV encephalitis who undergo intracranial procedures. ( info)

3/648. Idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis in multifocal fibrosclerosis.

    A case of rare combination of retroperitoneal fibrosis and Riedel's thyroiditis is presented. The term multifocal fibrosclerosis is used in the literature to denote such combination and others which include idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis, mediastinal fibrosis, sclerosing cholangitis, invasive (Riedel's) thyroiditis and pseudotumor of the orbit. ( info)

4/648. Occult sclerosing carcinoma of the thyroid.

    A case of occult sclerosing thyroid carcinoma is reported. The primary requirement for diagnosis is that the cancer is less than 1.5 cm in diameter. In addition, a fibrosing component with varying degrees of sclerosis is present. Lymph node metastases are frequent and may appear as benign thyroid follicles. Occasional direct invasion or vascular invasion may occur. Distant metastases were not reported in the series reviewed. Adequate therapy would seem to be total thyroidectomy of the involved lobe and radical subtotal thyroidectomy of the opposite lobe with excision of all enlarged or involved lymph nodes. ( info)

5/648. Systemic multifocal fibrosclerosis.

    We describe a case of hydronephrosis as a result of retroperitoneal fibrosis in a patient who had previous sclerosing lobulitis of the breast. To the best of our knowledge this is the first reported association between these two conditions in the english literature. We presume these conditions are linked and unify them under the general heading of systemic multifocal fibrosclerosis. ( info)

6/648. A case of renal pseudotumor associated with chronic pachymeningitis.

    BACKGROUND: A 56-year-old woman was referred to our hospital with a left renal mass. methods/RESULTS: Radiologic studies demonstrated a solitary space-occupying lesion in the left kidney and a malignant tumor was suspected. Left radical nephrectomy was then performed. Pathological examination revealed a sclerotic fibrous lesion with a rather distinct margin and no evidence of malignancy. These pathological findings were consistent with the diagnosis of a renal pseudotumor. CONCLUSIONS: This patient had a history of chronic pachymeningitis that formed a thoracic epidural focus causing spinal cord compression and the histologic appearance of this focus was similar to the renal lesion. It was concluded that this was a rare case of a renal pseudotumor associated with multifocal fibrosclerosis. ( info)

7/648. Lipoprotein (a) immunapheresis in the treatment of familial lipoprotein (a) hyperlipoproteinemia in a patient with coronary heart disease.

    This paper reports 2 years' experience with lipoprotein (a) (Lp[a]) immunapheresis which was successfully handled on a now 40-year-old patient with familial Lp(a) hyperlipoproteinemia inducing severe coronary heart disease with 2 myocardial infarctions and diffuse coronary sclerosis. Continued treatment by Lp(a) immunabsorption with specific sheep antibodies reduced stenosis in coronary vessels more than 50% and stopped the progression of coronary heart disease. A special apheresis technique and the results of continued absorption effects are described. ( info)

8/648. Possible development of idiopathic sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis.

    We report a rare case of idiopathic sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis (SEP). During a laparotomy before undergoing a distal gastrectomy with Billroth II reconstruction for early gastric cancer, the patient was found to have a membranous encapsulation wrapping each small bowel loop, unlike peritoneal encapsulation or typical SEP. He had complained of persistent heartburn, distension and diarrhea for 2 months in the post-operative course. The second laparotomy, which was performed to improve prolonged transit, revealed typical SEP with a thick and fibrotic membrane that encased the small bowel entirely. Stripping of the sclerosing encasing membrane, separation of the adherent loops of the proximal small bowel, and Braun's anastomosis were performed. The patient complained of epigastric fullness and diarrhea after he was relieved from the complete bowel obstruction for 45 days post-operatively. trimebutine maleate was administrated 5 months after the second operation and this markedly improved his symptoms. This case might reflect the developmental process of idiopathic SEP. In addition, the use of a motility regulator may improve symptoms related to the abnormal intestinal motility by this disease. ( info)

9/648. Sclerosing mediastinitis: findings on fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography.

    Whole-body serial positron emission tomography scanning was done using fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (F-18 FDG) in a patient with a mediastinal mass. Uptake correlated well with the clinical symptoms and aggressiveness of the disease. Based on the F-18 FDG findings, a biopsy specimen was taken from the active region of the mass, which confirmed the diagnosis of sclerosing mediastinitis. ( info)

10/648. Sclerosing hyaline necrosis of the liver in bloom syndrome.

    bloom syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by normally proportioned but strikingly small body size, a characteristic facies and photosensitive facial skin lesion, immunodeficiency, and a marked predisposition to development of a variety of cancers. We describe here, we believe for the first time, pronounced sclerosing hyaline necrosis with mallory bodies in the liver of a patient with bloom syndrome. mallory bodies are cytoplasmic eosinophilic inclusions, which are more common in visibly damaged, swollen hepatocytes in various liver diseases but are never found in normal liver. The possible pathogenesis of this finding in bloom syndrome is discussed. ( info)
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